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Henson R.N.,MRC Cognition and Brain science Unit | Eckstein D.,University of Bern | Waszak F.,University of Paris Descartes | Waszak F.,CNRS Laboratory of Physiology of Perception | And 2 more authors.
Trends in Cognitive Sciences

People can rapidly form arbitrary associations between stimuli and the responses they make in the presence of those stimuli. Such stimulus-response (S-R) bindings, when retrieved, affect the way that people respond to the same, or related, stimuli. Only recently, however, has the flexibility and ubiquity of these S-R bindings been appreciated, particularly in the context of priming paradigms. This is important for the many cognitive theories that appeal to evidence from priming. It is also important for the control of action generally. An S-R binding is more than a gradually learned association between a specific stimulus and a specific response; instead, it captures the full, context-dependent behavioral potential of a stimulus. © 2014 The Authors. Source

Agus T.R.,CNRS Laboratory of Physiology of Perception
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

Human listeners seem to have an impressive ability to recognize a wide variety of natural sounds. However, there is surprisingly little quantitative evidence to characterize this fundamental ability. Here the speed and accuracy of musical-sound recognition were measured psychophysically with a rich but acoustically balanced stimulus set. The set comprised recordings of notes from musical instruments and sung vowels. In a first experiment, reaction times were collected for three target categories: voice, percussion, and strings. In a go/no-go task, listeners reacted as quickly as possible to members of a target category while withholding responses to distractors (a diverse set of musical instruments). Results showed near-perfect accuracy and fast reaction times, particularly for voices. In a second experiment, voices were recognized among strings and vice-versa. Again, reaction times to voices were faster. In a third experiment, auditory chimeras were created to retain only spectral or temporal features of the voice. Chimeras were recognized accurately, but not as quickly as natural voices. Altogether, the data suggest rapid and accurate neural mechanisms for musical-sound recognition based on selectivity to complex spectro-temporal signatures of sound sources. Source

Pelli D.G.,New York University | Cavanagh P.,CNRS Laboratory of Physiology of Perception
Current Biology

Immediately before a large eye movement, a target object is crowded by clutter near the target's future location. This new finding, from a recent study, shows that the brain's remapping for the anticipated eye movement unavoidably combines features from the target's current and future retinal locations into one perceptual object. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Hsu Y.-F.,University of Paris Descartes | Waszak F.,CNRS Laboratory of Physiology of Perception
International Journal of Psychophysiology

Priming can reflect the stimulus-driven retrieval of output-related memory traces, commonly referred to as stimulus-response associations. The purpose of the current study was to investigate which aspects of the output exactly are preserved in these traces using electroencephalography (EEG). We orthogonally manipulated the repetition of action and classification whilst participants performed one of the two semantic tasks according to the cue. We found no evidence of stimulus-action associations but significant effects relevant to the retrieval of stimulus-classification associations in participants' accuracy and RT. Event-related potential (ERP) and oscillatory analysis further revealed a classification-related modulation at around 200. ms after stimulus onset, which appeared much earlier than the one reported in previous studies. These classification effects possibly indicate the modification of memory traces which requires the dynamic interaction of temporal and frontal cortices. The finding of classification effects across behavioural and EEG data suggested that the formation of stimulus-classification traces is rather spontaneous and may be dominant in single trial stimulus-response binding. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Brette R.,CNRS Laboratory of Physiology of Perception
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

Responses of auditory neurons vary with many dimensions of acoustical stimuli. As a consequence, there is a difference between sensitivity to a particular dimension (e.g., ITD or level), which is assessed when only that dimension is varied while other dimensions are fixed (yielding tuning curves), and information about that dimension, which requires that all natural variability be considered. In particular, the rate of a neuron can be very sensitive to a dimension while poorly informative about it, if it is also sensitive to other dimensions. One implication is that in a multi-dimensional world, stimulus properties such as ITD are optimally coded with heterogeneous neural populations. © 2010 Acoustical Society of America. Source

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