Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.3.6 | Award Amount: 11.87M | Year: 2011
X10D aims to enable organic photovoltaics (OPV) to enter the competitive thin-film PV market. It will achieve this by pooling the knowledge and expertise of the leading research institutes and start-up companies in Europe, and is the first project of its kind to leverage this knowledge irrespective of the processing technology. It will use the strengths available in device efficiency and architectures in both solution processed as well as small molecule based OPV.
The objective for X10D is to develop efficient, low-cost, stable tandem organic solar cells by applying new designs, materials and manufacturing technologies to create market-competitive OPV modules. Therefore, X10D proposes to bring together partners that compose a complete and unique OPV research and development consortium, from academic partners, research centers, SMEs, and large companies. Together, the X10D partners cover each segment of the complete value chain: materials development and up scaling, device development and up scaling, large area deposition equipment and processes, novel transparent conductors, laser scribing equipment and processes, encapsulation technologies, energy, life-cycle, and cost analysis and finally end-users.
The main objectives for X10D can be quantified more explicitly as:- To increase the power conversion efficiency to achieve at least a 12% on cell level (1cm), and 9% on module level (100 cm)- To guarantee a minimum of 20 years life for OPV modules on glass, and 10 years on foil- To decrease the cost under 0.70 /Watt-peak
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN | Award Amount: 4.13M | Year: 2012
SMARTNET (Soft materials advanced training network) is an ITN at the interface of chemistry, physics, and biology, and deals with the science and technology of molecular soft materials. Soft matter (e.g. gels, emulsions, membranes) is of great societal and economic impact in fields such as food industry, cosmetics, oil extraction and increasingly in high value areas such as biomedicine and nanotechnology. Soft matter is formed when fluids are mixed with molecular additives, giving rise to molecular level structuring. Polymers and inorganic materials have been widely used in this context, but are unlikely to meet future performance requirements for high-tech applications. SMARTNET is focused on conceptually novel approaches towards the next generation of soft matter, based on self-assembling small molecules as promising alternatives to existing systems. The design of molecular components and control of self-assembly processes allows for organization across length scales leading to emergent properties and functions, and will impact on 21st century health care, biomedicine and energy-related technologies. SMARTNET provides a unique multidisciplinary training opportunity and a step change in understanding and exploitation of these systems. A competitive advantage will be achieved by close integration of world-class expertise in molecular design, self-assembly and nanofabrication, photo-chemistry and -physics, multiscale modeling, state-of-the-art scattering and spectroscopy, with application areas such as biomedical, opto-electronic and catalytic materials. SMARTNET consolidates, through international and cross-disciplinary coordination and integration of 9 teams, leading EU research efforts in the area of supramolecular soft matter and offers unique opportunities to the highest level of training-through-research projects.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.90M | Year: 2015
The etymology of the word colloid stems from the Greek word for glue. The systematic study of colloids (as we perceive them nowadays) is considered to have begun in the middle of the 19th century. However, the word colloid itself had been mentioned before in very different senses. The development of the physics and chemistry of colloids really took off in the 20th century. Colloids found different applications in almost every part of our lives, and it might even seem that these systems are fully understood and tamed. In reality, this is far from the case! Both fundamental understanding and a clear application strategy are required. This is most evident when it comes to the relationship between the nature and arrangement of the colloidal particles and their macroscopic response to an external field (be that shear, electric, magnetic or gravitational fields). To elucidate this relationship we unite 7 academic and 2 industrial partners and 5 associate partners to train 15 ESRs. We aim to develop the concept of COLLoids with DEsigned respoNSE, leading to our acronym: COLLDENSE. Scientific projects are divided into three main workpackeges according to the complexity of the building blocks: deformable colloids, hybrid colloids and colloidal mixtures. The subjects vary from soft repulsive colloids, magnetic colloids, soft microgel particles, telechelic star polymers to droplets with interfaces stabilised by solid particles and DNA nano-constructs. The detailed analysis of mixtures of these components, as well as of their equilibrium and nonequilibrium thermodynamics and rheology, is the other important facet of the project. In order to obtain a complete understanding of the colloidal behaviour under an external drive we employ the three main tools of the modern natural science: experiment, computer simulations and analytical theory. This complete approach will also yield a broad training experience for the young members of the network.
Mansard V.,CNRS Laboratory of Future |
Colin A.,CNRS Laboratory of Future
Soft Matter | Year: 2012
In this article, we provide an up-to-date review dealing with the flow of soft glassy materials, that is, concentrated hard and soft particle assemblies. Because of the existence of short range forces, steric forces, and polydispersity, the structure of soft glassy materials remains frustrated and disordered. Their structure explores the energy landscape by thermally overcoming barriers to lower the total energy of the system. As the system ages, the barriers it must overcome become higher. Eventually, the system falls into a steep valley, from which it can no longer escape during the observation time; thus, it becomes non-ergodic. These disordered structures and rearrangements provide the origin of the rheological behavior of soft glassy materials, which give rise to solid behavior at low applied stresses. Rearrangement is a critical process that must be considered in the modeling of the rheological response of soft glassy materials. In this review article, we describe generic laws that relate stress to deformation, a relationship that we call local rheology. We also present the failures of this law that arise from hysteresis, particle migration, finite-size and non-local effects. We show that a generic framework corresponds to all the systems. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source
Chaudhuri P.,CNRS Physics Laboratory of Condensed Matter and Nanostructure |
Mansard V.,CNRS Laboratory of Future |
Colin A.,CNRS Laboratory of Future |
Bocquet L.,CNRS Physics Laboratory of Condensed Matter and Nanostructure
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2012
Using numerical simulations, we study the gravity driven flow of jammed soft disks in confined channels. We demonstrate that confinement results in increasing the yield threshold for the Poiseuille flow, in contrast to the planar Couette flow. By solving a nonlocal flow model for such systems, we show that this effect is due to the correlated dynamics responsible for flow, coupled with the stress heterogeneity imposed for the Poiseuille flow. We also observe that with increasing confinement, the cooperative nature of the flow results in increasing intermittent behavior. Our studies indicate that such features are generic properties of a wide variety of jammed materials. © 2012 American Physical Society. Source