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Joyce M.,CNRS Laboratory for Nuclear and High-Energy Physics | Morand J.,CNRS Laboratory for Nuclear and High-Energy Physics | Sicard F.,University Paul Sabatier | Viot P.,CNRS Laboratory of Theoretical Physics and Condensed Matter
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2014

Hamiltonian systems with long-range interactions give rise to long-lived out-of-equilibrium macroscopic states, so-called quasistationary states. We show here that, in a suitably generalized form, this result remains valid for many such systems in the presence of dissipation. Using an appropriate mean-field kinetic description, we show that models with dissipation due to a viscous damping or due to inelastic collisions admit "scaling quasistationary states," i.e., states that are quasistationary in rescaled variables. A numerical study of one-dimensional self-gravitating systems confirms the relevance of these solutions and gives indications of their regime of validity in line with theoretical predictions. We underline that the velocity distributions never show any tendency to evolve towards a Maxwell-Boltzmann form. © 2014 American Physical Society.

Soulez F.,University of Lyon | Soulez F.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Bongard S.,CNRS Laboratory for Nuclear and High-Energy Physics | Thiebaut E.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Bacon R.,French National Center for Scientific Research
Workshop on Hyperspectral Image and Signal Processing, Evolution in Remote Sensing | Year: 2011

In this paper we present a method for hyper-spectral image restoration for integral field spectrographs (IFS) data. It takes advantage of all the spectral and spatial correlations in the observed scene to enhance the spatial resolution. We illustrate this method with simulations coming from the Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) instrument. It shows the clear increase of the spatial resolution provided by our method as well as its denoising capability. © 2011 IEEE.

Joyce M.,CNRS Laboratory for Nuclear and High-Energy Physics | Morand J.,CNRS Laboratory for Nuclear and High-Energy Physics | Morand J.,National Institute for Theoretical Physics NITheP | Morand J.,Stellenbosch University | And 2 more authors.
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2016

Isolated long-range interacting particle systems appear generically to relax to nonequilibrium states ("quasistationary states" or QSSs) which are stationary in the thermodynamic limit. A fundamental open question concerns the "robustness" of these states when the system is not isolated. In this paper we explore, using both analytical and numerical approaches to a paradigmatic one-dimensional model, the effect of a simple class of perturbations. We call them "internal local perturbations" in that the particle energies are perturbed at collisions in a way which depends only on the local properties. Our central finding is that the effect of the perturbations is to drive all the very different QSSs we consider towards a unique QSS. The latter is thus independent of the initial conditions of the system, but determined instead by both the long-range forces and the details of the perturbations applied. Thus in the presence of such a perturbation the long-range system evolves to a unique nonequilibrium stationary state, completely different from its state in absence of the perturbation, and it remains in this state when the perturbation is removed. We argue that this result may be generic for long-range interacting systems subject to perturbations which are dependent on the local properties (e.g., spatial density or velocity distribution) of the system itself. © 2016 American Physical Society.

Labini F.S.,Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi | Labini F.S.,CNR Institute for Complex Systems | Benhaiem D.,Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi | Benhaiem D.,CNR Institute for Complex Systems | Joyce M.,CNRS Laboratory for Nuclear and High-Energy Physics
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society | Year: 2015

Initially cold and spherically symmetric self-gravitating systems may give rise to a virial equilibrium state which is far from spherically symmetric, and typically triaxial. We focus here on how the degree of symmetry breaking in the final state depends on the initial density profile. We note that the most asymmetric structures result when, during the collapse phase, there is a strong injection of energy preferentially into the particles which are localized initially in the outer shells. These particles are still collapsing when the others, initially located in the inner part, are already re-expanding; the motion of particles in a time varying potential allow them to gain kinetic energy - in some cases enough to be ejected from the system. We show that this mechanism of energy gain amplifies the initial small deviations from perfect spherical symmetry due to finite N fluctuations. This amplification is more efficient when the initial density profile depends on radius, because particles have a greater spread of fall times compared to a uniform density profile, for which very close to symmetric final states are obtained. These effects lead to a distinctive correlation of the orientation of the final structure with the distribution of ejected mass, and also with the initial (very small) angular fluctuations. © 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.

Benetti S.,National institute for astrophysics | Nicholl M.,Queens University of Belfast | Cappellaro E.,National institute for astrophysics | Pastorello A.,National institute for astrophysics | And 27 more authors.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society | Year: 2014

We present optical photometry and spectra of the superluminous Type II/IIn supernova (SN) CSS121015:004244+132827 (z = 0.2868) spanning epochs from -30 d (rest frame) to more than 200 d after maximum. CSS121015 is one of the more luminous SNe ever found and one of the best observed. The photometric evolution is characterized by a relatively fast rise to maximum (~40 d in the SN rest frame), and by a linear post-maximum decline. The light curve shows no sign of a break to an exponential tail. A broad Hα is first detected at ~+40 d (rest frame). Narrow, barely resolved Balmer and [O iii] 5007 Å lines, with decreasing strength, are visible along the entire spectral evolution. The spectra are very similar to other superluminous supernovae (SLSNe) with hydrogen in their spectrum, and also to SN 2005gj, sometimes considered Type Ia interacting with H-rich circumstellar medium. The spectra are also similar to a subsample of H-deficient SLSNe. We propose that the properties of CSS121015 are consistent with the interaction of the ejecta with a massive, extended, opaque shell, lost by the progenitor decades before the final explosion, although a magnetar-powered model cannot be excluded. Based on the similarity of CSS121015 with other SLSNe (with and without H), we suggest that the shocked-shell scenario should be seriously considered as a plausible model for both types of SLSN. © 2014 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.

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