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Villejuif, France

Lazar C.C.,Meulan Regional Hospital | Deneuve S.,CNRS Gustave Roussy Institute
Aesthetic Surgery Journal | Year: 2013

Background: The global popularity of cosmetic surgery, combined with mass media attention on medical consumerism, has resulted in misinformation that may have negatively affected the "collective image" of aesthetic practitioners. Objectives: The authors assess patients? perceptions of cosmetic surgery and analyze their decision-making processes. Methods: During a 2-year period, 250 consecutive patients presenting to either of 2 public hospitals for cosmetic surgery treatment were asked to complete a 7-item questionnaire evaluating their knowledge of opinions about, and referring practices for, aesthetic procedures. Patients undergoing oncologic, postbariatric, or reconstructive procedures were not included in the study. Results: After exclusion of 71 cases for refusal or incompletion, 179 questionnaires were retained and analyzed (from 162 women and 17 men). Overall, repair (70.4%), comfort (45.3%), and health (40.8%) were the words most frequently associated with cosmetic surgery. Quality of preoperative information (69.3%), patient-physician relationship (65.4%), and results seen in relatives/friends (46.3%) were the most important criteria for selecting a cosmetic surgeon. Moreover, 82.7% of patients knew the difference between cosmetic surgery and cosmetic medicine. Conclusions: Although potential patients appear to be more educated about cosmetic surgery than they were several years ago, misinformation still persists. As physicians, we must be responsible for disseminating accurate education and strengthening our collaboration with general practitioners to improve not only our results but also the accuracy of information in the mass media. © 2013 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc.

Ruppe E.,University of Geneva | Woerther P.-L.,CNRS Gustave Roussy Institute | Barbier F.,Medical Intensive Care Unit
Annals of Intensive Care | Year: 2015

The burden of multidrug resistance in Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) now represents a daily issue for the management of antimicrobial therapy in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. In Enterobacteriaceae, the dramatic increase in the rates of resistance to third-generation cephalosporins mainly results from the spread of plasmid-borne extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL), especially those belonging to the CTX-M family. The efficacy of beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor associations for severe infections due to ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae has not been adequately evaluated in critically ill patients, and carbapenems still stands as the first-line choice in this situation. However, carbapenemase-producing strains have emerged worldwide over the past decade. VIM- and NDM-type metallo-beta-lactamases, OXA-48 and KPC appear as the most successful enzymes and may threaten the efficacy of carbapenems in the near future. ESBL- and carbapenemase-encoding plasmids frequently bear resistance determinants for other antimicrobial classes, including aminoglycosides (aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes or 16S rRNA methylases) and fluoroquinolones (Qnr, AAC(6′)-Ib-cr or efflux pumps), a key feature that fosters the spread of multidrug resistance in Enterobacteriaceae. In non-fermenting GNB such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, multidrug resistance may emerge following the sole occurrence of sequential chromosomal mutations, which may lead to the overproduction of intrinsic beta-lactamases, hyper-expression of efflux pumps, target modifications and permeability alterations. P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii also have the ability to acquire mobile genetic elements encoding resistance determinants, including carbapenemases. Available options for the treatment of ICU-acquired infections due to carbapenem-resistant GNB are currently scarce, and recent reports emphasizing the spread of colistin resistance in environments with high volume of polymyxins use elicit major concern. © 2015, Ruppé et al.

Robert C.,CNRS Gustave Roussy Institute | Schadendorf D.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Messina M.,Bristol Myers Squibb | Hodi F.S.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | O'Day S.,Beverly Hills Cancer Center
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2013

Purpose: Ipilimumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody against cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) that has been shown to improve survival in patients with pretreated, advanced melanoma in a phase III trial. Some patients in this study who initially responded to ipilimumab treatment but later progressed were eligible for retreatment with their original randomized regimen. Here, outcomes for these patients concerning baseline characteristics, best overall response, and disease control rate are assessed and considered with respect to the overall study population. Experimental Design: In the phase III study, 676 pretreated patients were randomly allocated to treatment with ipilimumab 3 mg/kg plus gp100 vaccine, ipilimumab 3 mg/kg plus placebo, or gp100 vaccine alone. Of these patients, 32 had a partial or complete objective response or stable disease after treatment and met the eligibility criteria for retreatment, although a total of 40 patients were retreated. Results: Best overall response rates (complete responses plus partial responses) for 31 retreatmenteligible patients in the ipilimumab plus gp100 and ipilimumab plus placebo groups were 3 of 23 (13.0%) and 3 of 8 (37.5%), respectively, and disease control rates were 65.2% and 75.0%. No new types of toxicities occurred during retreatment and most events were mild-to-moderate. Conclusion: Ipilimumab provided durable objective responses and/or stable disease in qualifying patients who received retreatment upon disease progression with a similar toxicity profile to that seen during their original treatment regimen. ©2013 AACR.

Messager M.,Lille University Hospital Center | Lefevre J.H.,St Antoine University Hospital | Pichot-Delahaye V.,University of Lyon | Souadka A.,CNRS Gustave Roussy Institute | And 2 more authors.
Annals of Surgery | Year: 2011

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the survival impact of perioperative chemotherapy (PCT) in patients with gastric signet ring cell (SRC) adenocarcinoma. BACKGROUND: PCT is a standard treatment for advanced resectable gastric adenocarcinoma (GA). SRC has a worse prognosis compared to non-SRC and the chemosensitivity of SRC is uncertain. METHODS: Among 3010 patients registered in 19 French centers between January 1997 and January 2010, 1050 (34.9%) were diagnosed with SRC. Of those treated with curative intent (n = 924), 171 (18.5%) received PCT with surgery (PCT group), whereas 753 (81.5%) were treated with primary surgery (S group). PCT was based mainly on a fluorouracil-platinum doublet or triplet regimen. RESULTS: The groups were comparable regarding age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, malnutrition, tumor location and cTNM stage. 60 patients did not undergo resection because of tumor progression (10) or metastases (50) found at operation. The R0 resection rates were 65.9% and 62.3% in the S and PCT groups, respectively (P = 0.308). Fewer patients received adjuvant chemotherapy in the S group than in the PCT group (35.2% vs. 66.5%, P < 0.001). At a median follow-up of 31.5 months, the median survival was shorter in the PCT group (12.8 vs. 14.0 months, P = 0.043). On multivariate analysis, PCT was found to be an independent predictor of poor survival (HR = 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-1.9, P = 0.042). CONCLUSIONS: PCT provides no survival benefit in patients with gastric SRC. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams &Wilkins.

Sorbye H.,University of Bergen | Strosberg J.,H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute | Baudin E.,CNRS Gustave Roussy Institute | Klimstra D.S.,Sloan Kettering Cancer Center | Yao J.C.,University of Houston
Cancer | Year: 2014

Gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine neoplasms are classified as low-grade, intermediate-grade, and high-grade tumors based on morphologic criteria and the proliferation rate. Most studies have been conducted in patients with well differentiated (low-grade to intermediate-grade) neuroendocrine tumors. Data are substantially scarcer on poorly differentiated, high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC), which includes the entities of small cell carcinoma and large cell NEC. A literature search of GEP-NEC was performed. Long-term survival was poor even among patients who presented with localized disease. Several studies highlighted heterogeneity within the high-grade NEC category and a need for the further identification of discreet prognostic and predictive groups. Tumors with a Ki-67 proliferation index <55% were less responsive to platinum-based chemotherapy, and patients with such tumors or with well differentiated morphology had better survival than patients who had tumors with poorly differentiated morphology or a higher Ki-67 index. Treatment options beyond platinum-based chemotherapy are emerging. A revision of the World Health Organization high-grade NEC classification seems to be necessary based on recent data. Platinum-based chemotherapy may not be the optimal treatment for patients who have GEP-NEC with a moderately high proliferation rate. Adequate diagnostic and prognostic stratifications constitute the basis for future progress. © 2014 American Cancer Society.

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