CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory

Paris, France

CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory

Paris, France
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PubMed | French Institute of Health and Medical Research, University of Strasbourg and CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory
Type: | Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America | Year: 2016

The positive transcription elongation factor (P-TEFb) is required for the transcription of most genes by RNA polymerase II. Hexim proteins associated with 7SK RNA bind to P-TEFb and reversibly inhibit its activity. P-TEFb comprises the Cdk9 cyclin-dependent kinase and a cyclin T. Hexim proteins have been shown to bind the cyclin T subunit of P-TEFb. How this binding leads to inhibition of the kinase activity of Cdk9 has remained elusive, however. Using a photoreactive amino acid incorporated into proteins, we show that in live cells, cell extracts, and in vitro reconstituted complexes, Hexim1 cross-links and thus contacts Cdk9. Notably, replacement of a phenylalanine, F208, belonging to an evolutionary conserved Hexim1 peptide (

Forshed J.,CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory | Johansson H.J.,CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory | Pernemalm M.,CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory | Branca R.M.M.,CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory | And 2 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Proteomics | Year: 2011

We present a tool to improve quantitative accuracy and precision in mass spectrometry based on shotgun proteomics: protein quantification by peptide quality control, PQPQ. The method is based on the assumption that the quantitative pattern of peptides derived from one protein will correlate over several samples. Dissonant patterns arise either from outlier peptides or because of the presence of different protein species. By correlation analysis, protein quantification by peptide quality control identifies and excludes outliers and detects the existence of different protein species. Alternative protein species are then quantified separately. By validating the algorithm on seven data sets related to different cancer studies we show that data processing by protein quantification by peptide quality control improves the information output from shotgun proteomics. Data from two labeling procedures and three different instrumental platforms was included in the evaluation. With this unique method using both peptide sequence data and quantitative data we can improve the quantitative accuracy and precision on the protein level and detect different protein species. © 2011 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

Kanhoush R.,University Paris Diderot | Praseuth D.,French Natural History Museum | Perrin C.,University Paris Diderot | Chardard D.,University of Lorraine | And 2 more authors.
Nucleic Acids Research | Year: 2011

A proteomic approach has enabled the identification of an orthologue of the splicing factor hnRNP G in the amphibians Xenopus tropicalis, Ambystoma mexicanum, Notophthalmus viridescens and Pleurodeles walt, which shows a specific RNA-binding affinity similar to that of the human hnRN G protein. Three isoforms of this protein with a differential binding affinity for a specific RNA probe were identified in the P. walt oocyte. In situ hybridization to lampbrush chromosomes of P. waltl revealed the presence of a family of hnRNP G genes, which were mapped on the Z and W chromosomes and one autosome. This indicates that the isoforms identified in this study are possibly encoded by a gene family linked to the evolution of sex chromosomes similarly to the hnRNP G/RBMX gene family in mammals. © 2011 The Author(s).

Fukuyama H.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Ndiaye S.,CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory | Hoffmann J.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Rossier J.,ESPCI ParisTech | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2012

This study aims to characterize the immune response against bacteria in Drosophila melanogaster. Obtaining a description of the in vivo state of protein complexes requires their isolation as a snapshot of physiological conditions before their identification. Affinity purification with streptavidin-biotin system is widely used to address this issue. However, because of the extraordinary stability of the interaction between streptavidin and biotin, the release of biotin-labeled bait remains a challenge. We transfected Drosophila cells with a DNA construct encoding a biotin-tagged Dredd protein (ortholog of caspase 8). After affinity purification, different strategies were evaluated, and proteins analyzed by LC-MS/MS mass spectrometry. The on-bead digestion allowed the identification of more proteins associated to the Dredd complex than different protocols using competitive or acid elution. A functional assay showed that a large part of the proteins specifically identified in the Dredd sample are functionally involved in the activation of the Imd pathway. These proteins are immune response proteins (BG4, Q9VP57), stress response proteins (HSP7C, Q9VXQ5), structural proteins (TBB1, CP190), a protein biosynthesis protein (Q9W1B9) and an antioxidant system protein (SODC). Our results clearly show that on-bead digestion of proteins is an attractive procedure for the study of protein complexes by mass spectrometry. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Translational Proteomics. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Wu H.,University of South Florida | Li Y.,University of South Florida | Bai G.,University of South Florida | Niu Y.,University of South Florida | And 4 more authors.
Chemical Communications | Year: 2014

We report the design, synthesis, characterization and evaluation of a novel class of γ-AApeptide one-bead-one-compound (OBOC) library, from which a small γ-AApeptide was identified to effectively prevent and disassemble Aβ aggregation. © the Partner Organisations 2014.

Guo D.,University of Missouri - Kansas City | Keightley A.,CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory | Guthrie J.,Midwest Research Institute | Veno P.A.,University of Missouri - Kansas City | And 2 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2010

Since little is known regarding osteocytes, cells embedded within the mineralized bone matrix, a proteomics approach was used to discover proteins more highly expressed in osteocytes than in osteoblasts to determine osteocyte-specific function. Two proteomic profiles obtained by two different proteomic approaches using total cell lysates from the osteocyte cell line MLO-Y4 and the osteoblast cell line MC3T3 revealed unique differences. Three protein clusters, one related to glycolysis (Phosphoglycerate kinase 1, fructosebisphosphate aldolase A, hypoxia up-regulated 1 [ORP150], triosephosphate isomerase), one to protein folding (Mitochondrial Stress-70 protein, ORP150, Endoplasmin), and one to actin cytoskeleton regulation (Macrophage-capping protein [CapG], destrin, forms of lamin A and vimentin) were identified. Higher protein expression of ORP-150, Cap G, and destrin in MLO-Y4 cells compared with MC3T3 cells was validated by gene expression, Western blotting, and in vivo expression. These proteins were shown to be selective in osteocytes in vivo using immuno-staining of mouse ulnae. Destrin was most highly expressed in embedding osteoid osteocytes, GapG in embedded osteocytes, and ORP150 in deeply embedded osteocytes. In summary, the proteomic approach has yielded important information regarding molecular mechanisms used by osteocytes for embedding in matrix, the formation of dendritic processes, and protection within a hypoxic environment. © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Chiappetta G.,CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory | Chiappetta G.,University of Naples Federico II | Ndiaye S.,CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory | Demey E.,CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory | And 4 more authors.
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry | Year: 2010

Peptide tagging is a useful tool to improve matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem mass spectrometric (MALDI-MS/MS) analysis. We present a new application of the use of the dansyl chloride (DNS-Cl). DNS-Cl is a specific primary amine reagent widely used in protein biochemistry. It adds a fluorescent dimethylaminonaphthalene moiety to the molecule. The evaluation of MALDIMS and MS/MS analyses of dansylated peptides shows that dansylation raises the ionization efficiency of the most hydrophilic species compared with the most hydrophobic ones. Consequently, higher Mascot scores and protein sequence coverage are obtained by combiningMSand MS/MS data of native and tagged samples. The N-terminal DNS-Cl sulfonation improves the peptide fragmentation and promotes the generation of b-fragments allowing better peptide sequencing. In addition, we set up a labeling protocol based on the microwave chemistry. Peptide dansylation proved to be a rapid and cheap method to improve the performance of liquid chromatography (LC)/MALDI-MS/MS analysis at the proteomic scale in terms of peptide detection and sequence coverage. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Sanulli S.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Sanulli S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Sanulli S.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Justin N.,UK National Institute for Medical Research | And 37 more authors.
Molecular Cell | Year: 2015

Polycomb Group (PcG) proteins maintain transcriptional repression throughout development, mostly by regulating chromatin structure. Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), a component of the Polycomb machinery, is responsible for the methylation of histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27me2/3). Jarid2 was previously identified as a cofactor of PRC2, regulating PRC2 targeting to chromatin and its enzymatic activity. Deletion of Jarid2 leads to impaired orchestration of gene expression during cell lineage commitment. Here, we reveal an unexpected crosstalk between Jarid2 and PRC2, with Jarid2 being methylated by PRC2. This modification is recognized by the Eed core component of PRC2 and triggers an allosteric activation of PRC2's enzymatic activity. We show that Jarid2 methylation is important to promote PRC2 activity at a locus devoid of H3K27me3 and forthe correct deposition of this mark during cell differentiation. Our results uncover a regulation loop where Jarid2 methylation fine-tunes PRC2 activity depending on the chromatin context. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

PubMed | Regulations, CNRS Laboratory of Communication Molecules and Adaptation of Microorganisms, CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory, French Natural History Museum and University Pierre and Marie Curie
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2016

Sexual dimorphism describes the features that discriminate between the two sexes at various biological levels. Especially, during the reproductive phase, the liver is one of the most sexually dimorphic organs, because of different metabolic demands between the two sexes. The liver is a key organ that plays fundamental roles in various physiological processes, including digestion, energetic metabolism, xenobiotic detoxification, biosynthesis of serum proteins, and also in endocrine or immune response. The sex-dimorphism of the liver is particularly obvious in oviparous animals, as the female liver is the main organ for the synthesis of oocyte constituents. In this work, we are interested in identifying molecular sexual dimorphism in the liver of adult medaka fish and their sex-variation in response to hepatotoxic exposures. By developing an integrative approach combining histology and different high-throughput omic investigations (metabolomics, proteomics and transcriptomics), we were able to globally depict the strong sexual dimorphism that concerns various cellular and molecular processes of hepatocytes comprising protein synthesis, amino acid, lipid and polysaccharide metabolism, along with steroidogenesis and detoxification. The results of this work imply noticeable repercussions on the biology of oviparous organisms environmentally exposed to chemical or toxin issues.

PubMed | Annaba University, Institute Pasteur Paris, Laboratoire Danalyse Of Biologie Medicale, Laboratoire Of Biochimie and CNRS Biological Mass Spectrometry & Proteomics Laboratory
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annales de biologie clinique | Year: 2015

Peanut, soybean, sesame and lentil are members of legumes worldwide consumed by human that can induce food allergy in genetically predisposed individuals. Several protein allergens, mainly water-soluble, have been described. We studied the non water-soluble fraction from these 4 food sources using immunoproteomics tools and techniques. Flour extracts were solubilized in detergent and chaotropes and analysed in 1 and 2 dimensional gel electrophoresis (2D). Results showed numerous proteins exhibiting wide ranges of isoelectric points and relative molecular masses. When IgE immunoreactivities of 18 food allergy patients were individually tested in 1 and 2D western-blots, a very diversified IgE repertoire was observed, reflecting extensive cross-reactivities but also co-sensitizations. Besides already well known and characterized allergens, mass spectrometry analysis allowed the identification of 22 allergens undescribed until now: 10 in peanut, 2 in soybean, 3 in sesame and 7 in lentil. Three allergens are legume storage proteins and the others belong to transport proteins, nucleotide binding proteins and proteins involved in the regulation of metabolism. Seven proteins are potentially similar to allergens described in plants and fungi and 11 are not related to any known allergen. Our results contribute to increase the repertoire of legume allergens that may improve the diagnosis, categorize patients and thus provide a better treatment of patients.

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