CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology

Roma, Italy

CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology

Roma, Italy
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Francesconi E.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology
Artificial Intelligence and Law | Year: 2014

A model of normative provisions and related axioms represented by using RDF(S)/OWL are presented as a contribution to implement the semantic web in the legal domain. In particular, a pattern able to implement the Hohfeldian legal fundamental relations between provisions using OWL-DL expressivity is proposed. Moreover, a query-based approach able to deal with relations between provision instances is described. An example of advanced access and reasoning over provisions using the proposed approach, as well as a prototype architecture of a provision retrieval system, are shown. The main benefit is represented by the ability of the approach to keep the complexity of the problem within a description logic computational tractability. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Francesconi E.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2014

The creation of a pan-European area of Justice is one of the leading policies of the EU: to this aim the development of e-Justice services across Europe has been promoted within the e-CODEX project. In this paper an overview of the e-Justice platform architecture developed by e-CODEX, as well as the semantic solution conceived to transmit business documents in the domain of Justice within a scenario characterized by different languages and different legal systems, are described. © 2014 Springer International Publishing.


Francesconi E.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology
Semantic Web | Year: 2016

A Semantic Web approach for an advanced access to legislative documents is presented in terms of a model of normative provisions and related axioms. In particular, relations between provisions are identified and modeled by introducing patterns able to describe Hohfeldian legal fundamental relations. Moreover, a query-based approach able to deal with relations between provision specific instances is described. Examples of semantic annotation of legal textual resources using RDF/OWL standards, as well as advanced access and reasoning facilities over provisions using SPARQL, are shown. The main benefit of the approach is represented by the ability to keep the complexity of the problem within a description logic computational tractability.


Francesconi E.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2012

In this paper an approach to the Semantic Web in the legal domain is presented: it is obtained by modelling legislative document semantic profiles using a model of normative provisions. An implementation of this approach through RDF/OWL, describing provisions and their relations, is proposed. In particular, a pattern able to implement Hohfeldian legal fundamental relations between provisions using OWL-DL expressivity is described within a case study involving duty and right provisions. An example of advanced access and reasoning over provisions using the proposed approach is shown. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.


Francesconi E.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology | Peruginelli G.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2012

Scholarly communication is facing great changes due to the revolution of digital technology and the raising of new economic models for academic publishing. In the legal domain, in particular, these changes affect a scenario dominated by a rigid and centralized control of information by a few large commercial publishers. This paper analyses these changes, proposing a road map for providing a digital publishing service for legal information materials based on Open Access policies and technological implementations. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.


Francesconi E.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications | Year: 2012

The e-CODEX project is meant to implement building blocks for a system able to support transnational procedures between European Member States so to increase cross-border relations in a pan-European e-Justice area. In this paper an overview of the e-Delivery platform architecture, as well as the semantic solution conceived to transmit business documents within a scenario characterized by different languages and different legal systems, are described. © 2012 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved.


Agnoloni T.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology | Pagallo U.,University of Turin
Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law | Year: 2015

The paper examines the citation network of the via incidentale rulings of the Italian Constitutional Court ("ICC"), vis-à-vis the web of scholarly opinions, comments, and annotations, devoted to such cases. The aim is to deepen the notion of legal relevance. On the one hand, a remarkable number of cases that are considerably discussed by experts, are neither hubs nor authorities in the ICC citation network. On the other hand, cases that are relevant in the ICC citation network are scarcely debated, or even ignored, by scholars. This twofold outcome suggests that we should combine research on the citation network of the courts with the web of scholarly opinions, to obtain a more detailed picture of which decisions and verdicts have to be reckoned as relevant in a given legal system. © 2015 ACM.


Agnoloni T.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology | Francesconi E.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology
Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law | Year: 2011

In this paper an approach to the Semantic Web in the legal domain is discussed: it is obtained by modelling legislative document semantic profiles using a model of normative provisions. An implementation of this approach through RDF/OWL able to describe provisions and their relations is presented. In particular, an implementation of Hohfeldian legal fundamental relations between provisions, as well as a reasoning example by using the proposed approach is shown. © 2011 Authors.


Agnoloni T.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology | Tiscornia D.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2010

Machine readable open public data and the issue of multilingual web are open challenges promising to transform the relationship between citizens and European institutions. In this context the DALOS project aims at ensuring coherence and alignment in the legislative language, providing law-makers with knowledge management tools to improve the control over the multilingual complexity of European legislation and over the linguistic and conceptual issues involved in its transposition into national laws. This paper describes the design and implementation activities performed on the basis of a set of parallel texts in different languages on a specific legal topic. Natural language processing techniques have been applied to automatically build lexicons for each language. Lexical and conceptual multilingual alignment has been accomplished exploiting terms position in parallel documents. An ontology describing entities involved in the chosen domain has been developed in order to provide a semantic description of terms in lexicons. A modular integration of such resources, represented in RDF/OWL standard format, allowed their effective and flexible access from a legislative drafting application prototype, able to enrich legal documents with terms mark-up and semantic annotations. © 2010 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Agnoloni T.,CNR Institute of legal Information Theory and Technology | Pagallo U.,University of Turin
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications | Year: 2015

The paper examines two different sets of rulings by the Italian Constitutional Court ("ICC"), namely the in via incidentale ("IVI"), and the in via principale ("IVP"), rulings, vis-à-vis the web of scholarly opinions ("WSO"), devoted to such cases. On the one hand, the paper shows that all such networks, i.e. IVIN, IVPN, and WSO, follow power laws patterns of informational distribution. On the other hand, this stance allows us to deepen the meaning of legal relevance. In addition to the ICC decisions widely debated by scholars, we should take into account cases that are relevant in both IVIN and IVPN and still, WSO scarcely debates them. This is the class of legal cases that scholars ignore at their own risk, since the higher a case is ranked in the citation network of the court, the higher the probability that scholars will have to reflect on such case soon. © 2015 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved.

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