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Kottayam, India

John B.,Mahatma Gandhi University | Varughese K.T.,Indian Central Power Research Institute | Oommen Z.,Cms College | Thomas S.,Mahatma Gandhi University
Polymer Engineering and Science | Year: 2010

The melt rheological behavior of high-density polyethylene (HDPE)/ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) blends has been examined with reference to the effect of blend ratio, shear stress, and temperature. The HDPE/EVA blends exhibit pseudoplastic behavior, and the observed rheological behavior of the blends was correlated with the extrudate morphology. The experimental values of the viscosity were compared with the theoretical models. The effect of maleic- and phenolicmodified PE compatibilizers on the viscosity of H70 blend was analyzed and found that compatibilization did not significantly increase the viscosity. The effect of dynamic vulcanization and temperature on the viscosity was also analyzed. The activation energy of the system decreased with increase in EVA content in the system. The phase continuity and phase inversion points of the blends were theoretically predicted and compared with the experimental values. The melt flow index (MFI) values of the blends were also determined and found that the MFI values decreased with increase in EVA content in the system. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 50:665-676, 2010. © 2009 Society of Plastics Engineers. Source


Premna serratifolia Linn. (syn: . P. corymbosa (Burm. f.) Merr., P. integrifolia L. and P. obtusifolia R. Br.) is a member of the Verbenaceae family that is extensively used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine in India. As part of our continuous pharmacological and phytochemical studies on medicinal plants, we have screened the methanolic extracts of leaves, root bark (RB) and root wood of P. serratifolia for cytotoxic activity against two cancer cell lines: SHSY-5Y neuroblastoma and B16 melanoma cells. The RB extract that showed promising activity was fractionated using solvents of increasing polarity followed by a combination of Sephadex LH-20 column and Combiflash chromatography as well as HPLC to afford the active principle. Comprehensive spectroscopic analysis including 1D and 2D NMR (COSY, HMQC, HMBC, NOESY) and MS analysis revealed the identity of the isolated compound as 11,12,16-trihydroxy-2-oxo-5-methyl-10-demethyl-abieta-1[10],6,8,11,13-pentene that appears to be a novel compound based on a new diterpene skeleton. The cytotoxic activity of the isolated compound was 21 and 23 times higher than the crude extract against the SHSY-5Yand B16 cells, respectively. The novel compound also possesses in vitro antioxidant effects as evidenced by the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging effect where an IC50 value of 20.4±1.3 μM was obtained. In comparison, the positive control, caffeic acid, showed an IC50 value of 14.4±1.6 μM. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source


Sheny D.S.,Mar Ivanios College | Sheny D.S.,Cms College | Philip D.,Mar Ivanios College | Mathew J.,Mar Ivanios College
Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy | Year: 2013

An environment friendly approach for the synthesis of Pt nanoparticles (NPs) using dried leaf powder of Anacardium occidentale is reported. The formation of Pt NPs is monitored using UV-Vis spectrophotometer. FTIR spectra reveal that proteins are bound to Pt nanoparticles. TEM images show irregular rod shaped particles which are crystalline. The quantity of leaf powder plays a vital role in determining the size of particles. Synthesized NPs exhibit good catalytic activity in the reduction of aromatic nitrocompound. The effective thermal conductivity of synthesized Pt/water nanofluid has been measured and found to be enhanced to a good extent. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Rajisha K.R.,Cms College | Maria H.J.,Mahatma Gandhi University | Pothan L.A.,Bishop Moore College | Ahmad Z.,UiTM | Thomas S.,Mahatma Gandhi University
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules | Year: 2014

Potato starch nanocrystals were found to serve as an effective reinforcing agent for natural rubber (NR). Starch nanocrystals were obtained by the sulfuric acid hydrolysis of potato starch granules. After mixing the latex and the starch nanocrystals, the resulting aqueous suspension was cast into film by solvent evaporation method. The composite samples were successfully prepared by varying filler loadings, using a colloidal suspension of starch nanocrystals and NR latex. The morphology of the nanocomposite prepared was analyzed by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). FESEM analysis revealed the size and shape of the crystal and their homogeneous dispersion in the composites. The crystallinity of the nanocomposites was studied using XRD analysis which indicated an overall increase in crystallinity with filler content. The mechanical properties of the nanocomposites such as stress-strain behavior, tensile strength, tensile modulus and elongation at break were measured according to ASTM standards. The tensile strength and modulus of the composites were found to improve tremendously with increasing nanocrystal content. This dramatic increase observed can be attributed to the formation of starch nanocrystal network. This network immobilizes the polymer chains leading to an increase in the modulus and other mechanical properties. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source


The effect of aqueous seed extract of Ensete superbum (Roxb.) Cheesman on in vitro crystallization and growth patterns of calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate (CaHPO4·2H2O, CHPD) crystals was studied using single diffusion gel growth technique. Reduction in growth of CHPD crystals was noticed with increasing concentrations of seed extract. The morphology of CHPD or brushite crystals was studied by microscopy. The structural changes of the treated crystals were assessed by SEM, FT-IR, XRD and TGA/DTA analysis. It is expected that this multidisciplinary approach for in vitro crystallization and characterization of CHPD crystals will provide a better explanation to develop novel strategies for prevention of urinary stones. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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