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Brodner D.,The Center for Sinus | Nachlas N.,Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery | Mock P.,Texas Medical and Surgery Associates | Truitt T.,Cloud Clinic | And 4 more authors.
International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology | Year: 2013

Background: A multicenter prospective study was conducted to assess the safety and sustained effectiveness of a new instrument possessing multifunctionality as an ostium seeker, suction-irrigator, and malleable balloon-dilator indicated for treating multiple sinuses. Methods: Endoscopic balloon-only and hybrid-balloon procedures involving dilation of the frontal recesses, maxillary ostia, and/or sphenoid sinus ostia were performed in 175 patients. One-month follow-up was required for all patients. The first 50 patients enrolled also consented to a 1-year follow-up. Complications and sinus symptom severity were assessed at the 1-month visit. Symptom severity and ostial patency of the treated sinuses were evaluated at the 1-year visit. Results: A total of 497 balloon dilations (279 frontal, 138 sphenoid, and 80 maxillary) were attempted in 175 patients. Over 96% (479/497) of the attempted sinus dilations were successfully completed, while 18 dilations were converted to traditional dissection due to an inability to access or dilate the targeted anatomy. Two (1.1%) nonserious adverse events were reported following hybrid-balloon dilation and both were unrelated to the device or the procedure. Forty-four of 50 patients in the extended follow-up cohort completed the 1-year follow-up. Sinus symptom improvement in this group improved significantly from an average severity of 1.9 ± 1.1 to 0.8 ± 0.7 (p < 0.0001) and 1-year ostial patency was 91.6% (76/83). One revision surgery (2.3%) was performed. Conclusion: These results indicate that a multifunctional, malleable, balloon-dilating device can be safely and successfully used to treat multiple sinuses with sustained ostial patency and symptom improvement for at least 1 year. © 2013 ARS-AAOA, LLC.

Reuter N.P.,Cloud Clinic | Bower M.,University of Louisville | Scoggins C.R.,University of Louisville | Martin R.C.G.,University of Louisville | And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Surgery | Year: 2010

Background: Men have a higher lifetime incidence of melanoma than women. Methods Data from the 2005 Health Interview Survey were analyzed for sex differences in response to sun exposure and reported preventive measures among adults. Results There were 31,428 people surveyed representing the US population. Although women were more likely to burn after 1 hour of sun (8.7% vs 5.4%), they also reported fewer sunburns than men (mean .7 vs .9). Women were also more likely stay in the shade (11.2% vs 6.2%) and always use sunscreen. However, women used a tanning bed more than men (2.1 vs .6 times per year) and were less likely to wear protective clothing when in the sun than men. After controlling preventive behaviors, men were 1.4 times more likely to have had a sunburn during the last 12 months. Conclusions Although men more often wear protective clothing and are less likely to use a tanning bed, women are more likely to avoid sun exposure and use sunscreen. The higher incidence of melanoma in men may be explained, in part, by an increased incidence of preventive measures taken by women. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Holmes D.R.,Mayo Medical School | Aplin R.,Cloud Clinic | Lennon R.J.,Mayo Medical School | Nestler D.M.,Mayo Medical School | And 3 more authors.
Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes | Year: 2010

Background-Circadian rhythms with regard to time of symptom onset for patients with acute myocardial infarction have been observed, although their relationship to outcomes has been debated. We evaluated these rhythms in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction as a function of the 24-hour circadian cycle. Methods and Results-The relationship between onset of symptoms during the 24-hour circadian cycle and prehospital delays from symptom onset to hospital arrival, timeliness of reperfusion, and in-hospital death was assessed in 2143 patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction presenting from 2004-2008 at 1 of 3 tertiary-care healthcare ST-elevation myocardial infarction systems. There was a significant association between time of onset and the circadian cycle, with the greatest percentage (39%) of patients experiencing onset between 8 AM and 3 PM (P<0.001). Time of onset was associated with prehospital delay and timeliness of reperfusion. Patients with onset from 12 AM to 5:59 AM had median prehospital delays of 121 minutes versus 70 minutes from 12 PM to 5:59 PM (P<0.001). Patients with onset time from 12 AM to 5:59 AM had median door-to-balloon times of 75 minutes versus 60 minutes from 6 AM to 11:59 AM (P<0.001). Using multivariable modeling to control for baseline patient characteristics, prehospital delay, and timeliness of reperfusion, there was no significant association between time of symptom onset with in-hospital death. Conclusions-Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction exhibit significant circadian patterns in symptom onset, prehospital delay, and timeliness of reperfusion. Patients who develop symptoms from 12 AM to 5:59 AM present with longer prehospital delays and have longer door-to-balloon times. After multivariable adjustment, there was no significant association between circadian patterns of time of onset and in-hospital death. © 2010 American Heart Association, Inc.

Mandrekar S.J.,Mayo Medical School | Qi Y.,Mayo Medical School | Hillman S.L.,Mayo Medical School | Allen Ziegler K.L.,Mayo Medical School | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2010

INTRODUCTION: We investigated the relationships between progression-free survival (PFS), response, confirmed response, and failure-free survival (FFS) with overall survival (OS) to assess their suitability as primary endpoints in phase II trials for advanced non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: Individual data of 284 patients from four phase II trials were pooled. Progression status and response were modeled as time dependent variables in a multivariable (adjusted for baseline age, gender, stage, and performance status) Cox proportional hazards model for OS, stratified by trial. Subsequently, Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the impact of PFS, response, confirmed response, and FFS on subsequent survival, using landmark analysis at 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 weeks. Model discrimination was evaluated using the concordance index (c-index). RESULTS: The overall median OS, PFS, and FFS were 9.6, 3.7, and 2.8 months, and the response and confirmed response rates were 21 and 15%, respectively. Both progression status and response as time dependent covariates were significantly associated with OS (p < 0.0001; p = 0.009). PFS and FFS at 12 weeks significantly predicted for subsequent survival with the strongest c-index and hazard ratio combination in landmark analyses (hazard ratio, c-index: PFS: 0.39, 0.67; FFS: 0.37, 0.67). The c-indices for response and confirmed response were low (0.59-0.60), indicating their inability to sufficiently discriminate subsequent patient survival outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: FFS or PFS at 12 weeks is a stronger predictor of subsequent patient survival compared with tumor response and should be routinely used as endpoints in phase II trials for advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Copyright © 2009 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.

Wahbi K.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Meune C.,AP HP | Meune C.,University of Paris Pantheon Sorbonne | Porcher R.,AP HP | And 12 more authors.
JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association | Year: 2012

Context: Up to one-third of patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 die suddenly. Thus far, no intervention has effectively prevented sudden death. Objective: To determine whether an invasive strategy based on systematic electrophysiological studies and prophylactic permanent pacing is associated with longer survival in patients presenting with myotonic dystrophy type 1 and major infranodal conduction delays than a noninvasive strategy. Design, Setting, and Patients: A retrospective study, the DM1 Heart Registry included 914 consecutive patients older than 18 years with genetically confirmed myotonic dystrophy type 1 who were admitted to the Neurological Unit of the Myology Institute of Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, a teaching medical center in Paris, France, between January 2000 and December 2009. Interventions: Among 486 patients whose electrocardiogram showed a PR interval greater than 200 milliseconds, a QRS duration greater than 100 milliseconds, or both, the outcome of 341 (70.2%) who underwent an invasive strategy was compared with 145 (29.8%) who underwent a noninvasive strategy. A propensity score risk adjustment and propensity-based matching analysis was used to account for selection biases. Main Outcome Measures: Rates of overall survival (main outcome measure) and sudden death, respiratory death, and other deaths (secondary outcome measures). Results: Over a median follow-up of 7.4 years (range, 0-9.9 years), 50 patients died in the invasive strategy group and 30 died in the noninvasive strategy group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.74 [95 CI, 0.47-1.16]; P=.19), corresponding to an overall 9-year survival of 74.4% (95% CI, 69.2%-79.9%). Regardless of the technique used to adjust for between-group differences in baseline characteristics, the invasive strategy was associated with a longer survival, with adjusted HRs ranging from 0.47 (95% CI, 0.26-0.84; P=.01) for a covariate-adjusted analysis of propensity-matched data to 0.61 (95% CI, 0.38-0.99; P=.047) for an analysis adjusted for propensity score quintiles. The survival difference was largely attributable to a lower incidence of sudden death, which occurred in 10 patients in the invasive strategy group and in 16 patients in the noninvasive strategy group, with HRs ranging from 0.24 (95% CI, 0.10-0.56; P=.001) for an analysis adjusted for propensity score quintiles and covariates to 0.28 (95% CI, 0.13-0.61; P=.001) for an unadjusted analysis of propensity-matched data. Conclusion: Among patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1, an invasive strategy was associated with a higher rate of 9-year survival than a noninvasive strategy. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01136330. ©2012 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.

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