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Carrasco J.,Grand Hopital de Charleroi GHDC | Gizzi M.,Grand Hopital de Charleroi GHDC | Pairet G.,Cliniques Universitaires St Luc Universitecatholique Of Leuven Ucl | Lannoy V.,Cliniques Universitaires St Luc Universitecatholique Of Leuven Ucl | And 12 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

Background:Optimal preoperative treatment before colorectal cancer metastases (CRCM) resection remains unclear. This study evaluated pathological responses (pR) in CRCM resected after chemotherapy alone or combined with angiogenesis or epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors.Methods:Pathological response was retrospectively evaluated on 264 resected metastases from 99 patients. The proportion of responding metastases after different preoperative treatments was reported and compared. Patient's progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared based on pR.Results:The combination of anti-angiogenics with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy resulted in more pR than when they were combined with irinotecan-based chemotherapy (80% vs 50%; P<0.001). Inversely, the combination of EGFR inhibitors with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy seemed to induce fewer pR than when they were combined with irinotecan-based treatment (53% vs 72%; P=0.049). Overall survival at 5 years was improved for patients with a pR in all resected metastases compared with those who did not achieve a pR (68.5% vs 32.6%; P=0.023) and this response was the only factor predicting OS in a multivariate analysis.Conclusion:The chemotherapy partner combined with angiogenesis or EGFR inhibitors influenced pR in resected CRCM. In our exploratory analysis anti-angiogenic/oxaliplatin-based regimens and anti-EGFR/irinotecan-based regimens were associated with the highest pR. Prospective randomised trials should be performed to validate these observations. © 2015 Cancer Research UK. All rights reserved. Source

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