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San Mauro Pascoli, Italy

Nephron sparing surgery (NSS) is now considered the standard of care in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in stage T1. We retrospectively evaluated our results related to the use of NSS in over twenty years of clinical practice. We reviewed our database relating to the use of NSS in the last twenty years of clinical practice, from 1988 to July 2012, in 549 patients. The pre- and post-operative parameters recorded are the evaluation of the site and size of the renal lesion obtained from radiological investigations, the need for clamping the renal pedicle, open or laparoscopic surgical approach, blood loss, histology and intra- and postoperative complications. We also evaluated the parameters related to renal function before and after surgery. The mean follow-up was 95 months (7.6 years). The average diameter of the lesion at CT abdomen was 4.8 cm (1-8 cm). The warm ischemia was required in 317 patients, cold in 18 patients, no need for ischemia in 214 patients. The total duration of surgery was 122.56 ± 52.76 min. 15 procedures were performed laparoscopically. Ischemia time: 3'-25'; bleeding: 50-1000 cc. The lesion was benign in 115 of the 549 patients enrolled; it was a RCC in the remaining cases except for three, which were papillary carcinomas. At 5 years, the cancer free survival rate was 97.5%. Our data show that the implementation of NSS offers long-term benefits in terms of functional results and a good cancer control. Source

Cefali P.,Cliniche Humanitas Gavazzeni | Rosso R.,Service of Vascular Surgery | Van Den Berg J.C.,Service of Interventional Radiology
Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2011

This paper will discuss the potential role of interventional radiologists in teaching of endovascular skills to vascular surgical trainees. Prerequisites and advantages of such a training will be discussed, as well as the secondary effect this kind of training program may have on developing multidisciplinary teams. Source

Sciahbasi A.,Policlinico Casilino | Mancone M.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Cortese B.,Cliniche Humanitas Gavazzeni | Pendenza G.,University of LAquila | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Interventional Cardiology | Year: 2011

Background: Transradial approach (TRA) for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) is a common alternative to transfemoral approach associated with lower complications. However, a limitation of TRA is the use of large caliber guiding catheters due to the small size of the radial artery. The sheathless guiding catheter system that is in diameter 1-2 French (Fr) smaller than the corresponding introducer sheath may overcome these difficulties. Methods: From January 2010 through December 2010 in 5 Italian high-volume hospitals, 213 consecutive patients who underwent TRA-PCIs using the sheathless Eaucath guiding catheter system because of small radial artery caliber (Group 1) or undergoing bifurcation PCIs (Group 2) were enrolled in this registry. In patients of Group 1 (n = 79), a 6.5-Fr sheathless guiding catheter was employed, whereas in patients of Group 2 (n = 134) a 7.5 Fr was used. Results: Among the 213 patients enrolled, 270 vessels were treated for 316 lesions. No procedures required conversion to a conventional guiding catheter system. There were significantly more female patients in Group 1, and they were, older, shorter, and thinner than patients in Group 2. No cases of major vascular complications were observed in either groups. During procedures, adjunctive devices employed included intravascular ultrasound, thrombectomy catheters, and distal protection systems. Conclusions: The use of the sheathless guiding catheter system is feasible for TRA-PCIs in case of small radial artery caliber or intended coronary bifurcation intervention. ©2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Mascioli G.,Cliniche Humanitas Gavazzeni | Curnis A.,Spedali Civili di Brescia | Landolina M.,IRCSS Fondazione Policlinico San Matteo | Klersy C.,Biometry and Statistic Service | And 2 more authors.
Europace | Year: 2011

AimThe number of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) is continuously growing and this translates into a high number of in-hospital follow-ups. This workload justifies the increasing popularity of remote monitoring systems for the follow-up of CIEDs. The ATHENS registry was designed to find out what actions are taken during in-hospital follow-up of CIEDs at 10 different centres in Northern Italy. Methods and resultsBetween 1 March 2010 and 30 June 2010, all patients who came to our centres for a follow-up of their CIEDs were enrolled in the registry. We defined as visit with an action (VWA) a follow-up that elicited an action in that patient. The primary endpoint was the prevalence of VWA on the whole population. The secondary endpoints were: prevalence of VWA on the pacemaker (PM) population; prevalence of VWA on the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) population; prevalence of VWA on the cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) population; predictors of VWA in univariate and multivariate analyses. A total of 3362 patients were recruited. The primary endpoint was reached in 762 patients, 22.8 of patients (95 CI 21.424.3). The prevalence of action was highest for CRT (29.8), followed by PM (22.8) and ICD (18.6). In a multivariate model, the prevalence of action was higher for CRT, than for PM and was lowest for ICD and it was higher for unscheduled visits and first visits than for scheduled visits. ConclusionsOur registry demonstrates that 'some actions' are taken during about 20 of scheduled in-hospital follow-up of CIEDs. These data should encourage the use of remote follow-up systems. © 2011 The Author. Source

Ceresoli G.L.,Cliniche Humanitas Gavazzeni | Zucali P.A.,Humanitas Cancer Center
Cancer Treatment Reviews | Year: 2015

Therapeutic options for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) are limited. Most patients are treated with chemotherapy during the course of their disease. The combination of pemetrexed with a platinum compound is the standard of care in the first-line setting, while no established treatment exists in the second and beyond-line setting. Vinca alkaloids are chemotherapeutic agents that have demonstrated clinical efficacy both as single agents and in combination in a broad spectrum of cancers, including MPM. Vinorelbine has shown activity in MPM patients as neoadiuvant therapy, first-line treatment, and in the second and third-line setting. Vinflunine is a derivative of vinorelbine that has been studied in MPM as first-line agent. While the role of vinca alkaloids in the first-line treatment of MPM seems marginal, treatment with vinorelbine remains a reasonable option for pemetrexed-pretreated patients in clinical practice, based on an acceptable rate of stable disease, confirmed by several trials. Ongoing studies on predictive biomarkers for vinorelbine will hopefully be able to individualize treatment, increasing response rates and survival outcomes. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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