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Escherichia coli ST131 is an important cause of multidrug-resistant infections. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the concomitant presence of resistance plasmids and pathogenicity islands (PAIs) in ST131 E. coli. From 97 extraintestinal E. coli characterized for antimicrobial susceptibility and extended-spectrum β-lactamase production, 16% of isolates were identified as CTX-M-15 producers. These strains were studied by PFGE, MLST, and phylogroups, plasmid groups, PAIs, and plasmid-mediated quinolone-resistance determinants. MLST identified one ST10 strain from phylogroup A and the remaining isolates were ST131, from group B2. Despite the genetic variability, 64% of ST131 strains presented a profile composed by PAI IV536, PAI I(CFT073), and PAI II(CFT073), IncF plasmid, bla(CTX-M-15), and aac(6')-lb-cr genes. The prevalent virulence and resistance profile detected among the strains may constitute an optimal combination of factors, which allow E. coli ST131 to maintain both features becoming concomitantly virulent and extremely resistant.

Paquissi F.C.,Clinica Girassol | Lima A.H.F.B.P.,Service of Clinical Pathology | De Fatima Do Nascimento Vieira Lopes M.,Service of Gastroenterology | Diaz F.V.,Clinica Girassol
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2015

Primary adenocarcinoma of the small intestine occurs in over 50% of cases in the duodenum. However, its location in the third and fourth duodenal portions occurs rarely and is a diagnostic challenge. The aim of this work is to report an adenocarcinoma of the third and fourth duodenal portions, emphasizing its diagnostic difficulty and the value of video capsule endoscopy. A man, 40 years old, with no medical history, with abdominal discomfort and progressive fatigue, presented four months ago with one episode of moderate melena. The physical examination was normal, except for mucosal pallor. Blood tests were consistent with microcytic, hypochromic iron deficiency anemia with 7.8 g/dL hemoglobin. The upper and lower endoscopy were normal. Additional work-up with video capsule endoscopy showed a polypoid lesion involving the third and fourth portions of the duodenum. Biopsy showed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. Abdominal computed tomography showed a wall thickening from the third duodenal portion to the proximal jejunum, without distant metastasis. The patient underwent segmental resection (distal duodenum and proximal jejunum) with duodenojejunostomy. The surgical specimen histology confirmed the biopsy diagnosis, with transmural infiltration, without nodal involvement. Conclusion: Adenocarcinoma of the third and fourth portions of the duodenum is difficult to diagnose and capsule endoscopy is of great value. © The Author(s) 2015.

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