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Koley M.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Saha S.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Ghosh S.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital
Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2015

Few homeopathic complexes seemed to produce significant effects in osteoarthritis; still, individualized homeopathy remained untested. We evaluated the feasibility of conducting an efficacy trial of individualized homeopathy in osteoarthritis. A prospective, parallel-arm, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study was conducted from January to October 2014 involving 60 patients (homeopathy, n = 30; placebo, n = 30) who were suffering from acute painful episodes of knee osteoarthritis and visiting the outpatient clinic of Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal, India. Statistically significant reduction was achieved in 3 visual analog scales (measuring pain, stiffness, and loss of function) and Osteoarthritis Research Society International scores in both groups over 2 weeks (P <.05); however, group differences were not significant (P >.05). Overall, homeopathy did not appear to be superior to placebo; still, further rigorous evaluation in this design involving a larger sample size seems feasible in future. Trial registration: Clinical Trials Registry, India (CTRI/2014/05/004589). © The Author(s) 2015. Source


Saha S.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Koley M.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Ghosh A.,Midnapore Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | Mondal R.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of High Dilution Research | Year: 2013

This research was an attempt to understand the views of students of homoeopathic undergraduate schools in West Bengal, India and to identify areas of strength and weakness in the learning environment. An institutional, cross-sectional, observational study was carried out involving 430 students in May, 2013 in two Government homoeopathic medical colleges in West Bengal, India. A seven-item close-ended questionnaire with four point Likert scale was used to determine students' perceptions of the learning environment, intellectual climate and teacher-student relationship in homoeopathic schools. The questionnaire generated seven subscales - flexibility, student to student interaction, emotional climate, supportiveness, meaningful experience, organization, and breadth of interest. 46.5% students belonged to rural areas and Bengali was the mother tongue of 93.7% students. 39.5% preferred Bengali as the medium of instruction and group study was preferable to 77.9% students. 47.7% students were dissatisfied with the teaching process and 79.8% preferred the use of multimedia over conventional classroom teaching. Flexibility remained low (mean=1.9, SD=0.9); meaningful experience (theoretical teaching) score was high (mean=2.6, SD=0.9). Scores did not vary significantly (P>0.05) across the pre-clinical and clinical students, but few subscales produced significant differences individually among students of different years. Internal consistency scores of the scale remained questionable (Cronbach's a 0.310-0.446); however, the scale showed acceptable test-retest reliability (Cohen's κ 0.680-0.838). This study emphasized the areas requiring improvement in homoeopathic school environment based on students' perspective. Changes in curriculum, faculty and infrastructure should be planned to improve students' satisfaction. Source


Ghosh S.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | Panja S.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | Ghosh T.N.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | Sharma P.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2014

This pilot investigation initiated a research-targeted systematic dental homeopathy data collection in the dental outpatient section in a government homeopathic hospital in West Bengal, India. One conventionally trained dentist and 3 homeopathic doctors collected data from 949 appointments of 411 patients over 3 months. A specifically designed Excel spreadsheet enabled recording of consecutive dental appointments that was subjected to data synthesis and analysis in the end. A total of 87.3% conditions were chronic, and chronic periodontitis was most frequent (27.5%). Positive outcome was observed in 72.3% appointments. Strongly positive outcomes (scores of +2 or +3) were achieved most notably in toothache (84.6%). Single medicines were prescribed in 83.5% encounters, and mostly in tincture form (29.9%). Arnica montana constituted of 17.8% prescriptions. Considerable insight was gained into the homeopathic dental practice scenario in West Bengal, India. Positive findings suggest that dental homeopathy is a promising area for research in near future. © The Author(s) 2014. Source


Ghosh S.,Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital | Saha S.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Koley M.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Kundu M.,Private Practice | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2014

Accessibility to and utilization of the hospital health services is a complex and multifaceted issue. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of the patients of health services, current level of access to and utilization of services and to identify barriers and socioeconomic disparities in an Indian homeopathic hospital. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in December 2013 on systematically sampled 377 patients. Responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics and univariate logistic regression. Mean knowledge score and perceived mean difficulties in access to and utilization of services were 68.4% and 78.5%, respectively. Knowledge of the services was influenced by age, residence, education, speaking and reading of Bengali language, and income status (P <.05). Difficulty in access to and utilization of the health services were influenced by residence, understanding of Bengali language, and monthly household income (P <.05). Overall, health service access and utilization appeared promising, but needs improvement. © The Author(s) 2014. Source


Saha S.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Koley M.,Clinical Research Unit Homeopathy | Ganguly S.,D N Of Homeopathic Medical College And Hospital | Rath P.,National Institute of Homeopathy | And 2 more authors.
Journal of integrative medicine | Year: 2014

This study describes the development of a preliminary version of an instrument that attempts to assess the quality of reports of individualized homeopathic prescriptions in clinical trials and observational studies. A multidisciplinary panel of 15 judges produced an initial version of the instrument through iterative Delphi rounds and pilot-tested the instrument on five clinical trials. Later they assessed, under blind conditions, the individualization quality of 40 randomly-selected research reports. The final version of the instrument included six criteria. These items were scored consistently by all the raters regardless of background. The instrument appeared to have adequate face and content validity, acceptable internal consistency or reliability (Cronbach's α 0.606 - 0.725), significant discriminant validity (F = 398.7; P < 0.000 1), moderate interrater reliability (Fleiss κ 0.533), agreeable test-retest reliability (Cohen's κ 0.765 - 0.934), moderate sensitivity (0.4; 95% confidence interval 0.253-0.566), and high specificity (1.0; 95% confidence interval 0.891-1.000). The initial data suggest that this instrument may be a promising systematic tool amendable for further development. Source

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