Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital

Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital

Cluj-Napoca, Romania

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Fodor D.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | Vlad V.,Sf Maria Clinical Hospital | Micu M.,Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital
Medical Ultrasonography | Year: 2014

Gout represents a common inflammatory arthritis conditions in which the monosodium urate (MSU) crystals are deposited in joints and other tissues producing attacks of acute arthritis/ chronic arthropathy with important destructive lesions in articular or juxta-articular spaces. High resolution ultrasonography (US) is able to detect these deposits and their consequences: hyaline cartilage pathology, joint effusions, synovitis, bone erosions, tendonitis, bursitis, and other soft tissues involvement. Moreover, there are characteristic findings of this aggregates that can be detected by US, helping the clinician for positive and differential diagnosis. In this review we will present the main US findings in gout. The utility of the method in diagnosis and treatment response will be discussed. Also, comparison with other imaging techniques in terms of sensibility and specificity of the methods for this pathological situation will be made.


Vlad V.,Sf Maria Clinical Hospital | Petranova T.,Medical University-Sofia | Porta F.,University of Florence | Radunovic G.,University of Belgrade | And 2 more authors.
Medical Ultrasonography | Year: 2012

A complete physical examination of the hip is often difficult due to its size and deep position. During the last two decades, ultrasonography (US) of the hip has been widely accepted as a useful diagnostic tool in patients with hip pain and /or limited range of motion. It is commonly used in both adults and children. This technique allows evaluation of different anatomical structures and their pathological changes, such as joint recess (joint effusion, synovial hypertrophy), changes within the bursae (bursitis), tendons and muscles (tendinopathy, ruptures, calcifications), as well as changes in the bony profile of the joint surfaces, ischial tuberosity, and greater trochanter (erosions, osteophytes, calcific deposits). US is very useful for guided procedures in hip joint and periarticular soft tissues under direct visualization. The needle aspiration of synovial fluid and steroid injections are commonly-applied activities in daily rheumatology practice. The relatively limited acoustic windows available to the US beam are the principal limitations to hip US. Therefore, conducting a detailed examination of some important structures together with the interpretation of Doppler signal (sometimes undetectable) is not easy, requiring good knowledge of the modality. The aim of this review is to analyze the current literature about US of the hip and to describe the most frequentlyobserved normal and pathological findings.


PubMed | Clinical Hospital Center Zagreb, Institute for Treatment and Rehabilitation Niskabanja, Interclyde Royal Hospital, UMF Carol Davila Bucharest and 13 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical ultrasonography | Year: 2014

To evaluate the inter- and intraobserver agreement of a group of European rheumatologist ultrasonographers in grading musculoskeletal ultrasound videoclips posted on the Internet by using a non-sophisticated electronic environment.Forty short movie clips (less than 30 secs) were made available over the Internet to all participants. Normal and pathological RA hand joints and tendons were included in the movie clips. In the first phase 30 investigators from European countries were invited to evaluate the clips and to interpret/grade them. No instruction session was held prior to the initiation of the study. For synovitis the requested scoring system included 0 to3 grades and for tenosynovitis a binary variable 0/1; separate evaluations were performed for gray scale (GS) and Power Doppler (PD) examinations. In the second phase the responders were asked to grade the same clips in a different order without having access to their first grading scale. Lights k and Cohens k were used to analyse inter- and intraobserver reliability.Twenty two European rheumatologists agreed to finalise both study phases. Mean Cohens for intraobserver reliability was 0.614/0.689 for tenosynovitis GS/PD and 0.523/0.621 for synovitis GS/PD. Lights k for interobserver reliability was 0.503 for tenosynovitis evaluation and 0.455 for global (synovitis and tenosynovitis) evaluation. Mean global overall agreement was 84.95% (90.2% for global synovitis).An over-the-net US evaluation and grading has shown moderate to good reliability. The results could be improved if a training session is added at the beginning of the study.


PubMed | University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital and Clinical Hospital Sf Maria
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical ultrasonography | Year: 2016

In the last years, important advancements have been made in implementing high resolution imaging related information inside the global management algorithm in RA patients. Musculoskeletal ultrasound has already proven its utility in visualizing directly the joint synovial tissue, the synovial vascularization and in monitoring the response to therapy. Recently, much attention has been given to the presence of tenosynovitis, as a constant, complementary but different facet of the inflammatory involvement in RA. Tenosynovitis identification in early RA stages may allow adequate treatment adjustment in early and established disease in order to prevent and/ or slow down the development of structural damage at tendon and joint level.


Micu M.C.,Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital | Fodor D.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca
Medical Ultrasonography | Year: 2016

Enthesitis is the key pathological lesion in the spondyloarthritides group and an important element for early diagnosis with a predictive and prognostic value. The recognition of enthesitis on a clinical basis alone remains a challenge and creates unnecessary delays in diagnosis and adequate treatment commencement. Musculoskeletal ultrasound is a valid, reliable, and feasible imaging tool valuable for identifying inflammatory and structural lesions at enthesis level, helpful in establishing a diagnosis, evaluating disease activity and therapy monitoring. This paper focuses on the most relevant aspects of current literature regarding enthesitis and highlights the musculoskeletal ultrasound added value in enthesis assessment.


PubMed | Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy and Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Revista medico-chirurgicala a Societatii de Medici si Naturalisti din Iasi | Year: 2014

Multiple primary tumors can be synchronous when detected simultaneously or metachronous when detected after a variable time interval. We present the case of a 62-year-old female patient with a history of keratinized squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix, stage T3bNxM, operated, and treated by chemotherapy and radiation therapy which develops after three years a large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung detected by imaging. Of major importance in the selection of the optimal therapeutic approach was the accurate determination of the histological type of the metachronous tumor by microscopy and immunohistochemical techniques. The discrete respiratory symptoms and the absence of lung imaging screening accounted for tumor development to an inoperable stage, thus emphasizing the importance of close monitoring of the oncologic patient, thus greatly increasing their chances of survival.


PubMed | Emergency Clinical County Hospital, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca and Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical ultrasonography | Year: 2015

To evaluate the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints (MCP2 and 5) in healthy subjects by ultrasonography (US) using a high frequency transducer (18 MHz) and to verify the interobserver agreement.We enrolled 50 healthy volunteers (37 women, age between 30-58 years, mean age 41.7 years, divided into 3 groups according to age: 30-39, 40-49, and 50-58 years). The subjects were successively evaluated by 4 rheumatologists: 2 experienced (team A) and 2 beginners (team B) in US. Seven dorsal and palmar longitudinal scanning positions and a supplementary scan for MCP cartilage were performed. The bone surface (erosions, osteophytes), the intra-articular content (synovial thickening and vascularization, 4 grade scale), and the aspect of the metacarpal head cartilage were analyzed. The anterior palmar recess was measured. The time for examination was recorded.Erosions were detected in 7% of joints by team A and 2% by team B (p<0.05, kappa agreement 0.567) in subjects over 40 years. The agreement by team A in the detection of the erosions was very good (kappa value 0.83). A moderate positive correlation was obtained between the presence of erosions and age (r= 0.401, p=0.004). Osteophytes were identified only on the dorsal scan in subjects over 50 years (in 3.5% of joints team A, 1.5% team B, p>0.05, kappa value 0.421). No grade 1 synovitis was observed by team A but 4 joints with grade 1 synovitis were identified by team B (p<0.05) from the dorsal scan. The dimensions of the palmar recess had large distribution (MCP 2 between 0.55-1.3 mm; MCP 5 between 0.6-1.2 mm). No statistical significant differences were obtained when comparing the dimensions of the two hands, the values obtained in age-groups (all p>0.05). No statistical significant correlations were obtained between the dimensions of palmar recess and the body mass index or dominant hand (all p>0.05). No pathological findings were found in the examination of the metacarpal head cartilage. Power Doppler investigation found the presence of grade 1 signal in 2.5% joints by team A and 1.5% by team B (p>0.05) only in the dorsal scans. The mean time for examination was 7.8+/-1.74 min in team A and 13.78+/-2.96 min in team B (p<0.05).In healthy subjects pathological findings are occasionally encountered, especially erosions and osteophytes. Using an 18 MHz transducer the aspect of grade 1 synovitis was not encountered in healthy non-inflammatory MCP joints. There is a permanent need for standardized training and examination in musculoskeletal US.


PubMed | University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca and Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical ultrasonography | Year: 2016

The aim of the study was to evaluate the correlations between clinical symptoms (pain), physical examination, ultrasound (US), and radiological findings in patients with bilateral knee osteoarthritis (OA).Knee pain was appreciated during medial and lateral palpation of each knee joint and using visual analogue scale (VAS) and The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). US evaluation (osteophytes, meniscal protrusion, synovial fluid, femoral hyaline cartilage thickness) and radiological assessment (osteophytes, femoral-tibial space, Kellgren-Lawrence [K-L] score, enthesopathies) were performed by two examiners blinded to the clinical results and to each other. All these findings were scored with a five-point scale.A total of 52 consecutive patients aged 63.44+/-9.49 were examined, 33 (80.5%) being females. In patients with bilateral knee OA the pain, evaluated by WOMAC score and VAS, was correlated with the presence of osteophytes and cartilage thickness but no association with medial meniscal protrusion and effusion was demonstrated. Pain produced by palpation of the knee was strongly associated with the presence of medial osteophytes. VAS and WOMAC scores increased with the severity of radiological and US findings. The presence of osteophytes and articular cartilage damage at US examination were strongly and positively correlated with radiological K-L score. US examiners agreement was good for osteophytes and moderate for meniscal protrusion, cartilage damage, and synovial fluid. The cartilage damage score was the only independent predictor for VAS scale; for WOMAC score the sex, cartilage damage, the presence of medial osteophytes and lateral meniscal protrusion were the independent predictors.Pain intensity was correlated with the severity of US findings, cartilage damage score being an independent predictor for both VAS and WOMAC scores. Medial osteophytes and lateral meniscal protrusion and are independent predictors for WOMAC score.


PubMed | University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca and Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical ultrasonography | Year: 2016

Enthesitis is the key pathological lesion in the spondyloarthritides group and an important element for early diagnosis with a predictive and prognostic value. The recognition of enthesitis on a clinical basis alone remains a challenge and creates unnecessary delays in diagnosis and adequate treatment commencement. Musculoskeletal ultrasound is a valid, reliable, and feasible imaging tool valuable for identifying inflammatory and structural lesions at enthesis level, helpful in establishing a diagnosis, evaluating disease activity and therapy monitoring. This paper focuses on the most relevant aspects of current literature regarding enthesitis and highlights the musculoskeletal ultrasound added value in enthesis assessment.


PubMed | University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca and Rehabilitation Clinical Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical ultrasonography | Year: 2015

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an incurable chronic inflammatory disease associated with significant functional impairment and disability, linked to inflammatory and structural articular and peri-articular damage. Structural damage occurs rapidly in RA if inflammation is not efficiently suppressed. Identification of patients with high risk to develop RA followed by an early application of efficient medications and standard treat to target recommendations allow a better management aiming remission. Over the last 15 years musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) has proved to detect subclinical inflammatory lesions; thus, targeting therapy to imaging delivered information may provide superior outcomes and a more rapid response to therapy detection in comparison with clinical examination alone. This review provides an insight into the importance of MSUS in quantifying disease activity and monitoring of therapies in RA patients.

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