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Verloes R.,Janssen Infectious Diseases BVBA | Deleu S.,Janssen Clinical Pharmacology Unit | Niemeijer N.,Janssen Infectious Diseases BVBA | Crauwels H.,Janssen Infectious Diseases BVBA | And 2 more authors.
HIV Medicine | Year: 2015

This phase I healthy volunteer study (NCT01031589) was carried out to investigate the safety/tolerability and pharmacokinetics of a rilpivirine (RPV; TMC278) long-acting (LA) formulation after single and multiple intramuscular (IM) injections. Methods: In the first part of the study, which had an open-label design, a single RPV LA IM injection (300mg/mL) of 300 (n=6) or 600 (n=5) mg was given to the volunteers. In the second part of the study, which had a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled design, three RPV LA IM injections (one every 4 weeks) at 1200/600/600mg (n=6) or placebo (n=2) were given. Safety and local tolerability were monitored. RPV plasma concentrations were analysed up to 28 days after injection or until they were <20ng/mL. Results: Grade 1/2 RPV-related adverse events in the 300, 600 and 1200/600/600mg groups were: rash (zero, one and one subject, respectively, the last of whom discontinued participation in the study); musculoskeletal stiffness (three, zero and zero subjects, respectively); injection site reactions (one, two and two subjects, respectively). After one injection of 300, 600 or 1200mg RPV LA, the mean (standard deviation) maximum plasma concentration was 39 (25), 48 (13) and 140 (16) ng/mL, and the mean (standard deviation) area under the concentration-time curve (28 days) was 17090 (8907), 25240 (8184) and 55350 (13550) ng h/mL, respectively. RPV pharmacokinetics were largely comparable after the 1200mg loading dose and both 600mg injections of RPV LA. The mean (standard deviation) RPV plasma concentration across the 28-day dosing interval after the last injection in the 1200/600/600mg group was 79 (19) ng/mL. Conclusions: Single and multiple IM injections of RPV LA demonstrated favourable local/systemic tolerability in healthy volunteers. RPV pharmacokinetics suggested that clinically relevant plasma concentrations can be achieved with this LA formulation. © 2015 British HIV Association.

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