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Nowak K.,Clinical Medical Faculty Mannheim | Bonninghoff R.,Clinical Medical Faculty Mannheim | Geiger M.,Clinical Medical Faculty Mannheim | Post S.,Clinical Medical Faculty Mannheim | And 2 more authors.
In Vivo | Year: 2013

Background: Lymphoceles account for considerable morbidity rates after kidney transplantation. As yet, there is no therapeutic strategy to prevent the formation of lymphoceles. The lower limb provides a large reservoir for lymphatic tissue. Prophylactic compression therapy limits tissue volume and edema formation and may therefore reduce postoperative lymph flow. Patients and Methods and Results: In a non-randomized prospective study using a historical control group prior to 2006 as comparison from our center (2004-2008: total n=126), we found that lymphoceles are significantly diminished on the ipsilateral lower limb of the operative side when patients wear class II compression stockings (n=69) for four weeks after transplantation compared to patients achieving standard antithrombotic therapy by compression class I stockings (n=57) for thrombosis prophylaxis until full mobilization (33% versus 15%, p-value<0.05). Furthermore, a significantly lower percentage of patients needed surgical treatment of the lymphoceles for obstructive complications after class II compression (4% versus 18%, p-value<0.01). These findings were independent of the recipients' demographics, the duration of the surgical procedure, and the operating surgeon. Conclusion: Further studies are needed to demonstrate the usefulness of compressing stockings for the reduction of lymphoceles after kidney transplantation. This approach would not only reduce post-transplantation morbidity, but also provide an easy and cost-effective treatment without side-effects.

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