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Zagreb, Croatia

Predojevic M.,University of Zagreb | Stanojevic M.,Clinical Hospital sveti Duh | Vasilj O.,University of Zagreb | Kadic A.S.,University of Zagreb
Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine | Year: 2011

In this case report, we present prenatal and postnatal neurological evaluation of a fetus and newborn from pregnancy complicated with intrauterine growth restriction, fetal hypoxemia, and preterm labor. Despite unfavorable intrauterine conditions, this premature infant showed normal early neurological development that was verified not only by postnatal tests but also with a new prenatal neurological screening test. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.

Rados I.,University Hospital Center Osijek | Sakic Zdravcevic K.,Clinical Hospital sveti Duh | Hrgovic Z.,University Hospital Center Osijek
European Neurology | Year: 2013

Background: The painDETECT questionnaire (PD-Q) is a fast and uncomplicated way to ascertain the percentage of neuropathic pain in 'total pain' and is designed to detect neuropathic pain components in back pain. The purpose of this randomized, prospective study is to compare, with the assessment of the PD-Q, the efficacy of interlaminar (IL) and transforaminal (TF) steroid injections in patients with unilateral chronic lumbar radicular pain. Methods: Patients were treated fluoroscopically with epidural steroids, using the IL or TF method and with confirmation of the epidural space by contrast, using random computerized classification. The patients received a series of three IL or TF epidural steroid injections (ESI) at 2-week intervals. The patients were monitored for 6 months from the first steroid injection. Results: By analyzing the average values of the total sum of points in the PD-Q a dropping trend is confirmed for both groups. The trend equation (y = -1.1393x + 25.269) for the TF ESI shows a faster recovery than the IL ESI (y = -0.8089x + 26.654). The statistically significant difference in the two groups is proved between the first and the sixth visit (IL ESI, p = 0.014; TF ESI, p = 0.001). There is no statistically significant difference in the efficiency of the two dosages and the volumes of steroids between the IL and TF distribution of steroids. Conclusions: Steroids are efficient; besides alleviating the overall pain, they also reduce the neuropathic component in chronic lumbar radicular pain, whether it is distributed epidurally by the IL or TF approach. © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Klarica M.,University of Zagreb | Mise B.,University of Zagreb | Vladic A.,Clinical Hospital sveti Duh | Rados M.,University of Zagreb | Oreskovic D.,Ruder Boskovic Institute
Neuroscience | Year: 2013

Acute osmolar loading of cerebrospinal fluid within one lateral ventricle of dogs was examined as a cause of water extraction from the bloodstream and an increase in intracranial pressure. We have shown that a certain amount of 3H2O from the bloodstream enters osmotically loaded cerebrospinal fluid significantly faster, hence causing a significant increase in intracranial pressure. The noted phenomenon in which intracranial pressure still significantly increases, but in which the hyperosmolarity of the cerebrospinal fluid is no longer present, was named "compensated hyperosmolarity". In the case of the sub-chronic application of hyperosmolar solutions into cat ventricles, we observed an increase in cerebrospinal fluid volume and a more pronounced development of hydrocephalus in the area of application, but without significant increase in intracranial pressure and without blockage of cerebrospinal fluid pathways. These results support the newly proposed hypothesis of cerebrospinal fluid hydrodynamics and the ability to develop new strategies for the treatment of cerebrospinal fluid-related diseases. © 2013 IBRO.

Milanovic S.M.,University of Zagreb | Milanovic S.M.,Croatian Institute of Public Health | Erjavec K.,Clinical Hospital sveti Duh | Poljicanin T.,Croatian Institute of Public Health | And 2 more authors.
Psychiatria Danubina | Year: 2015

Background: Depression is a growing public health problem still under-recognised in primary care settings. By focusing primarily on somatic complaints and diseases, general practitioners often fail to identify an underlying mental disorder. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of patients with unrecognised depression symptoms in general practice and identify associated socio-demographic factors. Subjects and methods: The study included 769 patients without previous psychiatric disorder who attended their primary care physicians in the Health Centre Zagreb - Zapad in January 2011. Data on patients' age, sex, level of education, marital and employment status were collected. All participants completed The Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. Results: Among the 25.5% of participants whose Zung score was outside the normal range, 19.38% were mildly, 4.64% moderately, and 0.91% severely depressed. Statistically significant differences were observed among groups defined according to level of education, employment and marital status (p<0.001). Lower Zung scores were found in individuals with a higher level of education, who were unmarried, employed or still undergoing education. Multivariate logistic regression model revealed that older age (p<0.001), unemployment (p=0.001) or unmarried status (p=0.025) were significant predictors of depression symptoms. Conclusions: The study revealed a high prevalence of depression symptoms among primary care patients who had not been previously suspected to have any psychiatric co-morbidity. Awareness of depression symptoms and disorders should be raised among general practitioners, focusing on older, unemployed and unmarried people. © Medicinska naklada.

Serman L.,University of Zagreb | Martic T.N.,University of Zagreb | Serman A.,Clinical Hospital sveti Duh | Vranic S.,University of Sarajevo
Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences | Year: 2014

Epigenetic mechanisms play a crucial role in cellular proliferation, migration and differentiation in both normal and neoplastic development. One of the key signaling pathways whose components are altered through the epigenetic mechanisms is the Wnt signaling pathway. In this review, we briefly discuss the key concepts of epigenetics and focus on the recent advances in the Wnt signaling pathway research and its potential diagnostic and therapeutic implications. © 2014 ABMSFBIH.

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