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Anders M.,University of Hamburg | Fehlker M.,Experimental Clinical Research Center | Wang Q.,Experimental Clinical Research Center | Wissmann C.,Charite University Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Carcinogenesis | Year: 2013

Angiogenesis is a prerequisite for progression of cancers. The number of genes linked to angiogenesis suggests the existence of complex gene-networks, which remain to be elucidated. To identify angiogenesis genes deregulated in carcinomas, we performed a meta-profiling analysis of published gene expression microarray studies. Own microarray and quantitative RT-PCR data were obtained from a colorectal carcinoma cohort. Applying highly stringent inclusion criteria, 15 cancer array studies were suitable for our analysis. These studies provided 789 tumor specimens and 190 samples of healthy tissues yielding a total of approx. 1,000,000 gene expression measurements. Meta-analysis on the expression of 480 angiogenesis-related genes in 10 cancer types identified a characteristic, entity-independent "global" cancer expression signature of 25 angiogenesis-related genes showing high frequency down-regulation when compared to corresponding healthy tissues. Furthermore, we characterized 25 genes displaying frequent up-regulation, yet less often than the 25 down-regulated genes. Comparative inter-study cross-validation revealed that both signatures discriminate cancers from healthy tissues with high accuracy in independent test sets. Moreover, own microarray data of colorectal carcinomas confirmed the specific and sensitive discriminating potential of both signatures. These results were validated by quantitative RT-PCR for eight genes displaying the highest differences in the microarray analysis. Our study for the first time defines global gene expression signatures linked to angiogenesis in carcinomas. Our findings suggest that gene down-regulation may represent a central aspect of tumor angiogenesis. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Fehlker M.,Experimental Clinical Research Center | Huska M.R.,Computational Biology and Data Mining group | Huska M.R.,Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics | Jons T.,Institute For Integrative Anatomie | And 2 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2014

Background: This study aimed at the identification of prognostic gene expression markers in early primary colorectal carcinomas without metastasis at the time point of surgery by analyzing genome-wide gene expression profiles using oligonucleotide microarrays.Methods: Cryo-conserved tumor specimens from 45 patients with early colorectal cancers were examined, with the majority of them being UICC stage II or earlier and with a follow-up time of 41-115 months. Gene expression profiling was performed using Whole Human Genome 4x44K Oligonucleotide Microarrays. Validation of microarray data was performed on five of the genes in a smaller cohort.Results: Using a novel algorithm based on the recursive application of support vector machines (SVMs), we selected a signature of 44 probes that discriminated between patients developing later metastasis and patients with a good prognosis. Interestingly, almost half of the genes was related to the patients' immune response and showed reduced expression in the metastatic cases.Conclusions: Whereas up to now gene signatures containing genes with various biological functions have been described for prediction of metastasis in CRC, in this study metastasis could be well predicted by a set of gene expression markers consisting exclusively of genes related to the MHC class II complex involved in immune response. Thus, our data emphasize that the proper function of a comprehensive network of immune response genes is of vital importance for the survival of colorectal cancer patients. © 2014 Fehlker et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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