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Sainz-Barriga M.,University of Udine | Reyntjens K.,University of Udine | Costa M.G.,University of Udine | Scudeller L.,Clinical Epidemiology and Biometric Unit | And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Transplantation | Year: 2010

The interaction of systemic hemodynamics with hepatic flows at the time of liver transplantation (LT) has not been studied in a prospective uniform way for different types of grafts. We prospectively evaluated intraoperative hemodynamics of 103 whole and partial LT. Liver graft hemodynamics were measured using the ultrasound transit time method to obtain portal (PVF) and arterial (HAF) hepatic flow. Measurements were recorded on the native liver, the portocaval shunt, following reperfusion and after biliary anastomosis. After LT HAF and PVF do not immediately return to normal values. Increased PVF was observed after graft implantation. Living donor LT showed the highest compliance to portal hyperperfusion. The amount of liver perfusion seemed to be related to the quality of the graft. A positive correlation for HAF, PVF and total hepatic blood flow with cardiac output was found (p = 0.001). Portal hypertension, macrosteatosis >30%, warm ischemia time and cardiac output, independently influence the hepatic flows. These results highlight the role of systemic hemodynamic management in LT to optimize hepatic perfusion, particularly in LDLT and split LT, where the highest flows were registered. 2010 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.

Ferraioli G.,University of Pavia | Tinelli C.,Clinical Epidemiology and Biometric Unit | Dal Bello B.,Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo | Zicchetti M.,University of Pavia | And 2 more authors.
Hepatology | Year: 2012

Real-time shear wave elastography (SWE) is a novel, noninvasive method to assess liver fibrosis by measuring liver stiffness. This single-center study was conducted to assess the accuracy of SWE in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), in comparison with transient elastography (TE), by using liver biopsy (LB) as the reference standard. Consecutive patients with CHC scheduled for LB by referring physicians were studied. One hundred and twenty-one patients met inclusion criteria. On the same day, real-time SWE using the ultrasound (US) system, Aixplorer (SuperSonic Imagine S.A., Aix-en-Provence, France), TE using FibroScan (Echosens, Paris, France), and US-assisted LB were consecutively performed. Fibrosis was staged according to the METAVIR scoring system. Analyses of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were performed to calculate optimal area under the ROC curve (AUROC) for F0-F1 versus F2-F4, F0- F2 versus F3-F4, and F0-F3 versus F4 for both real-time SWE and TE. Liver stiffness values increased in parallel with degree of liver fibrosis, both with SWE and TE. AUROCs were 0.92 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.85-0.96) for SWE and 0.84 (95% CI: 0.76-0.90) for TE (P = 0.002), 0.98 (95% CI: 0.94-1.00) for SWE and 0.96 (95% CI: 0.90-0.99) for TE (P = 0.14), and 0.98 (95% CI: 0.93-1.00) for SWE and 0.96 (95% CI: 0.91-0.99) for TE (P = 0.48), when comparing F0-F1 versus F2- F4, F0- F2 versus F3-F4, and F0 -F3 versus F4, respectively. Conclusion: The results of this study show that real-time SWE is more accurate than TE in assessing significant fibrosis (≥F2). With respect to TE, SWE has the advantage of imaging liver stiffness in real time while guided by a B-mode image. Thus, the region of measurement can be guided with both anatomical and tissue stiffness information. © 2012 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

Pagella F.,University of Pavia | Pusateri A.,University of Pavia | Giourgos G.,University of Pavia | Tinelli C.,Clinical Epidemiology and Biometric Unit | Matti E.,University of Pavia
American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy | Year: 2014

Background: In the literature, the global endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) success in the treatment of sinonasal inverted papilloma (IP) is 95%. This study was designed to describe a conservative endoscopic approach, based on research of the tumor's pedicle and treatment concentrated on its site of attachment, and to compare the results of this technique with the outcome of standard endoscopic treatment. Methods: Retrospective analysis of the patients treated in our institution for paranasal inverted papilloma (IP), between 2002 and 2011 with a minimum of 18 months follow-up was performed. Group A received a standard ESS including whole sinus demucosization (maxillary, ethmoid, frontal, or sphenoid sinus) and bony wall drilling. Group B patients instead underwent pedicle-oriented endoscopic surgery (POES); in this group, bony demucosization and drilling were selectively conducted around the site of pedicle attachment of the tumor. Results: The cohort included 73 patients (median age, 60.5 years; median follow-up, 58 months). Group A/group B consisted of 37/36 patients. IP persistence - recurrence for group A/group B was 0/1 cases. Oncological success for global endoscopic/group A/group B was 98.6% (72/73)/100% (37/37)/97.2% (35/36). We noticed a significant difference in surgical operative time and postoperative complication rate among the groups, in favor of POES technique. Conclusion: Our data confirm the efficacy of the endonasal endoscopic treatment for sinonasal IP. Moreover, the even more conservative endoscopic treatment proposed (POES) seems to offer good control of the disease, shorter operating times, avoidance of unnecessary surgery with respect to uninvolved structures, and permits a follow-up aimed at the site of the pedicle attachment. Copyright © 2014, OceanSide Publications, Inc.

Rossi G.C.M.,University of Pavia | Pasinetti G.M.,Eye Unit | Scudeller L.,Clinical Epidemiology and Biometric Unit | Bianchi P.E.,University of Pavia
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics | Year: 2013

Purpose: To record signs and symptoms of ocular surface disease (OSD) in patients treated with Intra Ocular Pressure (IOP)-lowering medications; to evaluate the relationship between signs and symptoms; and to identify how to diagnose and follow OSD and its impact on the quality of life in such patients. Methods: A prospective observational study of enrolled consecutive topically treated open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension patients: patients presenting systemic or ocular conditions that could interfere with ocular surface status were excluded. Enrolled patients underwent a complete ophthalmic examination comprehensive of evaluation of tear film break-up time (TF-BUT) and fluorescein corneal staining (keratitis punctatae) and who completed the Italian version of both the National Eye Institute-Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ) 25 and the Glaucoma Symptom Scale (GSS) questionnaires. Results: 233 patients adhered to a study protocol. Punctatae keratitis was detected in 70 (30%) eyes; abnormal TF-BUT in 67 (28.8%) patients: 97 patients (42.1%) presented an OSD. The abnormal values were gender-independent, keratitis was statistically related to age (P=0.01) and number of instillations/die (P=0.0007). TF-BUT was related to the IOP value (P<0.0001). The NEI ocular pain subscale was statistically related to TF-BUT (P=0.017); GSS was both related to TF-BUT and punctatae keratitis (P<0.00001). Conclusions: Many patients present an OSD related to therapy, and this affects their quality of life. The use of fixed combinations to reduce surface exposition and of benzalkonium chloride-free formulations should be encouraged to reduce and contain the onset or worsening of this secondary condition in glaucoma patients. The GSS has shown a good relation to signs and should be routinely used to evaluate the impact of OSD on the quality of life. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013.

Sainz-Barriga M.,Ghent University | Scudeller L.,Clinical Epidemiology and Biometric Unit | Costa M.G.,University of Udine | De Hemptinne B.,Ghent University | Troisi R.I.,Ghent University
Liver Transplantation | Year: 2011

The portal vein flow (PVF), portal vein pressure (PVP), and hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) were prospectively assessed to explore their relationships and to better define hyperflow and portal hypertension (PHT) during liver transplantation (LT). Eighty-one LT procedures were analyzed. No correlation between PVF and PVP was observed. Increases in the central venous pressure (CVP) were transmitted to the PVP (58%, range = 25%-91%, P = 0.001). Severe PHT (HVPG â?¥ 15 mm Hg) showed a significant reciprocal association with high PVF (P = 0.023) and lower graft survival (P = 0.04). According to this initial experience, an HVPG value â?¥ 15 mm Hg is a promising tool for the evaluation of hemodynamic stress potentially influencing outcomes. An algorithm for graft inflow modulation based on flows, gradients, and systemic hemodynamics is provided. In conclusion, the evaluation of PHT severity with PVP could be delusive because of the influence of CVP. PVF and PVP do not correlate and should not be used individually to assess hyperflow and PHT during LT. Copyright © 2011 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

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