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Zemun, Serbia

Tanaskovic I.,University of Kragujevac | Lackovic V.,University of Belgrade | Radak D.,University of Belgrade | Usaj S.K.,University of Novi Sad | And 5 more authors.
Archives of Biological Sciences | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to determine the ultrastructural characteristics of cell populations and extracellular matrix components in the wall of ruptured atherosclerotic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We analyzed 20 samples of ruptured AAA. For orientation to the light microscopy, we used routine histochemical techniques by standard procedures. For ultrastructural analysis, we applied transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Our results have shown that ruptured AAA is characterized by the remains of an advanced atherosclerotic lesion in the intima followed by a complete absence of endothelial cells, the disruption of basal membrane and disruption of internal elastic lamina. On plaque margins as well as in the inner media we observed smooth muscle cells (SMCs) that posses a euchromatic nucleus, a well-developed granulated endoplasmic reticulum around the nucleus and reduced myofilaments. The remains of the ruptured lipid core were acellular in all samples; however, on the lateral sides of ruptured plaque we observed a presence of two types of foam cells (FCs), spindle- and star-shaped. Fusiform FCs possess a well-differentiated basal lamina, caveolae and electron dense bodies, followed by a small number of lipid droplets in the cytoplasm. Star-shaped FCs contain a large number of lipid droplets and do not possess basal lamina. On the inner margins of the plaque, we observed a large number of cells undergoing apoptosis and necrosis, extracellular lipid droplets as well as a large number of lymphocytes. The media was thinned out with disorganized elastic lamellas, while the adventitia exhibited leukocyte infiltration. The presented results suggest that atherosclerotic plaque in ruptured AAA contains vascular SMC synthetic phenotype and two different types of FCs: some were derived from monocyte/macrophage lineage, while others were derived from SMCs of synthetic phenotype. The striking plaque hypocellularity was the result of apoptosis and necrosis of different cell populations.

Lezaic V.,Academy of Medical Science SMS | Lezaic V.,University of Belgrade | Bajcetic S.,Zvezdara Clinical Center | Perunicic-Pekovic G.,Zemun Clinical Center | And 5 more authors.
Kidney and Blood Pressure Research | Year: 2012

Background and Aims: The frequency of chronic kidney disease (CKD) markers was assessed in two groups of patients over 60 years-one without and the other with hypertension. Methods: The cross-sectional study involved 585 asymptomatic elderly patients (227 males), 93 without and 492 with hypertension. Data on patients were obtained by interview, analysis of medical records and physical examinations. Serum and urine creatinine, proteinuria, microalbuminuria (MAU, turbidimetry), and urinary sediment were analyzed. Results: Among the 585 patients, there were 54.5% with a positive family history for hypertension and 14% for kidney diseases. MAU was significantly more frequent (30 vs. 11%) and the mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) higher (71 ± 14 vs. 64 ± 14 ml/min/1.73 m) in patients without hypertension than in those with hypertension. The majority of patients with stage 3 CKD had eGFR >45 ml/min/1.73 m2 with normal urinary findings. Multivariate logistic regression analysis found age and treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors to be associated with reduced eGFR, MAU and proteinuria. In addition, smoking was associated with eGFR, but a family history for kidney disease and belonging to the group without hypertension were associated with MAU. Conclusion: The high prevalence of markers for CKD in symptomless elderly without hypertension confirmed that the elderly, as a high-risk population, should be screened based on increased age alone. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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