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Memon L.,Clinical Center Bezanijska Kosa | Spasojevic-Kalimanovska V.,University of Belgrade | Stanojevic N.B.,University of Belgrade | Kotur-Stevuljevic J.,University of Belgrade | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis | Year: 2013

Background: The aim of the study was to determine the clinical usefulness of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) for detection of renal and left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and renal transplant (RT) recipients. Methods: We included 98 CKD and 44 RT patients. We assessed LV function using pulsed-wave Doppler ultrasound. Diastolic dysfunction was defined when the E:A ratio was <1. Results: Independent predictors of NT-proBNP levels were age, creatinine, and albumin in CKD patients and age and urea in RT patients. Determinants of SDMA in CKD patients were glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and NT-proBNP and creatinine in RT patients. In RT patients with diastolic dysfunction, NT-proBNP and SDMA were significantly higher than in patients without diastolic dysfunction (F = 7.478, P < 0.011; F = 2.631, P < 0.017). After adjustment for GFR, the differences were not seen. In CKD patients adjusted NT-proBNP and SDMA values for GFR were not significantly higher in patients with diastolic dysfunction than in patients without diastolic dysfunction. Conclusions: NT-proBNP is useful for detection of LV diastolic dysfunction in RT recipients. When evaluating both NT-proBNP and SDMA it is necessary to consider GFR as a confounding factor. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Baletic N.,Military Medical Academy | Malicevic H.,Clinical Center Bezanijska Kosa | Petrovic Z.,Institute for Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery | Marinkovic-Eric J.,Institute for Statistics | Peric A.,Military Medical Academy
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology | Year: 2010

Any endoscopic diagnostic procedure that iscapable of giving exact information on laryngeal lesions without damaging the tissue has essential advantages over standard biopsy. Tissue autofluorescence is deWned as a natural ability of tissue to fluoresce when exposed to a certain light wavelength. This feature is a consequence of the presence of fluorophores in the tissues, which are activated by a narrow wavelength range. However, due to their biochemical and biophysical characteristics, laryngeal precancerosis and cancer do not fluoresce when exposed to blue light. In the present study, we used Pentax's System of Autofluorescent Endoscopy (SAFE 1000) to detect auto-fluorescence disturbances from laryngeal mucosa. Diagnostic parameters (sensitivity and specificity) of the microlaryngoscopy (MLS) and SAFE 1000 in the diagnosis of laryngeal precancerosis and carcinoma were compared and discussed. We have found that SAFE had a better sensitivity with regard to mentioned laryngeal pathology, but MLS had better specificity than SAFE. The overall diagnostic sensitivity in the diagnostics of laryngeal atypical hyperplasia and cancer with SAFE was 89%, as opposed to 73% with MLS. Diagnostic specificity of SAFE for all cases of laryngeal carcinomas and atypical hyperplasia was 78%. The specificity of MLS in diagnostics of laryngeal carcinomas cases was 98%, while that for cases of atypical hyperplasia was 100%. Many other conditions that have impact on autofluorescent features of laryngeal mucosa were also discussed. © Springer-Verlag 2009.

Spasojevic-Kalimanovska V.,University of Belgrade | Bogavac-Stanojevic N.,University of Belgrade | Kalimanovska-Ostric D.,University of Belgrade | Memon L.,Clinical Center Bezanijska Kosa | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Biochemistry | Year: 2014

Objectives: Epidemiological evidence concerning the role of iron, a lipid peroxidation catalyst, in atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease (CAD) is inconsistent. Design and methods: Exploratory factor analysis was used to examine the potential clustering of variables known to be associated with CAD using data from 188 patients with angiographically-approved disease. The resulting factors were then tested for their association with serum ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) as indicators of body iron status. Results: Factor analysis resulted in a reduction of a variable number from the original 15 to 5 composite clusters. These factors were interpreted as (1) "proatherogenic factor" with positive loadings of TC, LDL-C, apoB and TG; (2) "inflammatory factor" with positive loadings of hsCRP, fibrinogen and MDA; (3) "antiatherogenic factor" with positive loadings of HDL-C and apoA-I; (4) "obesity factor" with positive loadings of weight and waist; and (5) "antioxidative status factor" with positive loadings of SOD and age and negative loading of superoxide anion. "Inflammatory", "obesity" and "antiatherogenic" factors predicted high ferritin values and the "proatherogenic factor" predicted high sTfR values. We compared the ability of the "proatherogenic factor" with that of a multivariable logistic model that included the "proatherogenic factor" and sTfR values in predicting significant stenosis in patients. The area under the ROC curve was 0.692 vs. 0.821, respectively. Conclusions: "Inflammatory", "obesity", "antiatherogenic" and "proatherogenic" factors were associated with increased parameters of body iron status. The measurement of sTfR improves the prediction of CAD based on clustered cardiovascular risk factors. © 2014 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists.

Peric S.,University of Belgrade | Rakocevic-Stojanovic V.,University of Belgrade | Nisic T.,University of Belgrade | Pavlovic S.,Clinical Center Bezanijska Kosa | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences | Year: 2011

Objective: To evaluate cardiac autonomic control in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and thymoma. Materials and methods: The study was performed on 21 patients with MG and thymoma and the same number of matched healthy volunteers. Standard cardiovascular reflex tests according to Ewing and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) at rest was applied. Spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) at rest was assessed using a 20-minute ECG recording (normalized low- and high-frequency bands-LFnu-RRI, HFnu-RRI and LF/HF-RRI) Time-domain analysis of HRV was derived from 24-hour ECG monitoring. Results: Overall autonomic score according to Ewing was significantly increased in patients with MG and thymoma (p < 0.05), mostly due to parasympathetic dysfunction. Time-domain parameters representing the overall and long-term sympathetic activity of HRV did not differ significantly between the two groups (p > 0.05), but there was a significant decrease in measures of the short-term vagal variations in HRV (p < 0.01). HFnu-RRI was lower, while LFnu-RRI and LF/HF-RRI were higher in patients with MG and thymoma in comparison to healthy controls but these differences were not of statistical significance (p > 0.05). BRS at rest was highly significantly reduced in patients group (p < 0.01). Conclusions: Our results showed mainly parasympathetic cardiac impairment in patients with myasthenia gravis and thymoma. Since autonomic dysfunction may lead to cardiac conduction abnormalities and sudden death, the investigation of autonomic nervous system function in these patients may be significant in everyday clinical practice. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Peric S.,Institute of Neurology | Rakocevic-Stojanovic V.,Institute of Neurology | Stevic Z.,Institute of Neurology | Basta I.,Institute of Neurology | And 4 more authors.
Acta Neurologica Belgica | Year: 2010

The aim was to assess factors that might influence health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with two different neuromuscular disorders - myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). A cross-sectional study was performed on 79 patients with DM1 and 74 with ALS. The HRQoL was evaluated by SF-36, Serbian version. Depressive and anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Hamilton rating scale for depression and the Hamilton rating scale for anxiety respectively. Severity of muscular involvement in DM1 was measured with MRC scale and severity of ALS with ALSFRSr score. The mean total score as well as all domain scores of SF-36 were similar in DM1 and ALS patients (p > 0.05), except that ALS patients experienced less bodily pain (p < 0.05). Depressiveness was found in 51% and marked anxiety in 38% of DM1 patients. Emotional status and severity of muscular involvement emerged as significant independent contributing factors to the total SF-36 in DM1 patients (p < 0.05). Only 3% of ALS patients showed depressiveness and 4% anxiety symptoms. The factors found to contribute to HRQoL in ALS patients were severity of disease and educational level of patients (p < 0.05). We found significant percentage of potentially treatable emotional disturbances which together with severity of disease significantly contributed to HRQoL in DM1 patients. On the other hand, in ALS patients depressiveness and anxious symptoms were uncommon and the factors found to contribute to HRQoL were severity of disease and educational level.

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