Time filter

Source Type

Petazzoni M.,Clinica Veterinaria Milan Sud | Nicetto T.,Clinica Veterinaria Milan Sud | Vezzoni A.,Clinica Veterinaria Vezzoni | Piras A.,Oakland Small Animal Veterinary Clinic | Palmer R.,Colorado State University
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology | Year: 2012

Objectives: To describe the surgical treatment of pes varus in Dachshund dogs by medial opening wedge osteotomy of the distal tibia stabilized with a locking plate system and to retrospectively report the clinical and radiographic outcomes. Materials and methods: Lameness in nine limbs of seven Dachshund dogs with pes varus deformity was treated with corrective osteotomy at or near the centre of rotation of angulation as defined by the intersection of the proximal and distal mechanical axes determined on caudo-cranial radiographs. Outcomes evaluated included comparison of pre-and postoperative radiographic measurements of frontal angulation and lameness assessment. Results: Lameness resolved in eight limbs and improved in one limb. All osteotomies healed and no implant complications were detected. Mean preoperative radiographic measurements were: mechanical medial proximal tibial angle (mMPTA) = 91.1° (range 87.6°-95°), mechanical medial distal tibial angle (mMDTA) = 62.1° (range 51.9°-69.6°). Mean postoperative measurements were: mMPTA 92.4° (range 78°-97.5°), mMDTA 81.8° (range 76°-87°). Measurable under-correction was common, though seldom visually or functionally evident. Clinical significance: Pes varus deformity in Dachshunds can be treated by medial opening wedge osteotomy of the distal tibia stabilized with a locking plate system. Care to preserve the lateral cortex of the osteotomy may help avoid under-correction. © Schattauer 2012. Source

Olsen A.M.,Colorado State University | Vezzoni L.,Clinica Veterinaria Vezzoni | Ferretti A.,Clinica Veterinaria Ferretti | Palmer R.H.,Colorado State University | And 2 more authors.
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology | Year: 2016

Objectives: To describe the use of hemiepiphysiodesis for the treatment of proximal tibial deformities in immature dogs and evaluate the effect on the mechanical medial proximal tibial angle (mMPTA). Methods: Skeletally immature dogs with proximal tibial deformities from three institutions treated with hemiepiphysiodesis between March 2006 and January 2015 were included. All dogs were required to have an mMPTA outside the previously published reference range (93.3 ± 1.78°) preoperatively. Dogs were required to have radiographs or computed tomography performed preoperatively and at least eight weeks postoper-atively. Results: A total of 19 dogs (n = 31 limbs) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The mean mMPTA was 102.5° ± 5.3° preoperatively and 92.4° ± 7.2° at the final re-evaluation. The mean difference in mMPTA was -10 ± 5.1° (range, -1 to -19°; p <0.001). Overcorrection was observed in 16 limbs and mMPTA remained above the reference range in nine limbs. Rebound growth was observed in eight limbs where implant removal was performed. Clinical significance: Hemiepiphysiodesis for the treatment of proximal tibial valgus is a technique that allows for reduction in mMPTA and should be considered as an early treatment for immature animals that are presented with proximal tibial deformities. Serial radiographs to monitor for overcorrection should be performed. Implant removal should be considered if overcorrection occurs, taking into consideration that rebound growth may be observed. © Schattauer 2016. Source

Cinti F.,Centro Veterinario Luni Mare | Pisani G.,Centro Veterinario Luni Mare | Carusi U.,Centro Veterinario Luni Mare | Vezzoni L.,Clinica Veterinaria Vezzoni | Vezzoni A.,Clinica Veterinaria Vezzoni
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology | Year: 2016

Fracture of the central tarsal bone is an uncommon injury in dogs and occurs predominantly in racing Greyhounds. To the authors’ knowledge, this type of fracture has not been described previously in cats. This case report describes a five-year-old Domestic Shorthair cat referred to the Centro Veterinario Luni Mare because of lameness, swelling and signs of pain in the right hindlimb caused by trauma. Clinical examination and diagnostic imaging revealed a right central tarsal bone fracture. Open reduction and internal fixation with a 2.0 mm position screw and two 0.8 mm Kirschner wires were carried out. The last follow-up examination three years postoperatively found the cat in good health with normal range of motion and function, and no signs of lameness in the right hindlimb. © Schattauer 2016. Source

Vezzoni L.,Clinica Veterinaria Vezzoni | Montinaro V.,Clinica Veterinaria Vezzoni | Vezzoni A.,Clinica Veterinaria Vezzoni
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology | Year: 2013

Loosening of the acetabular cup is one of the most common complications following total hip replacement and has an incidence rate of 1.8% to 36.8%. The objective of this study was to describe the surgical technique for the application of a cementless acetabular component specifically designed for treatment of cup loosening and preliminary clinical experience. The Kyon revision cup is composed of two components; the first is a perforated titanium outer shell with holes for 2.4 mm titanium screws, which is impacted into the acetabulum after removal of the loose cup and reaming of the acetabulum. It is secured with a variable number of screws. The second component is an inner plain titanium cup with an ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene insert, which is impacted into the outer shell to obtain press-fit stability. This revision cup was used in 31 dogs with cup loosening and a minimum follow-up period of six months. There were four intra-operative complications and two postoperative complications. The main intra-operative complication was difficulty inserting the inner cup into the outer shell. Postoperative complications included craniodorsal hip luxation in one dog, which was successfully managed, and cup loosening in another dog, which required explantation of the prosthesis. The main advantage of the revision cup appears to be increased implant stability afforded by screw fixation. Our initial clinical results in 31 dogs were promising; all but one dog had a successful clinical outcome. © Schattauer 2013. Source

Discover hidden collaborations