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Le Grazie di Ancona, Italy

Bringhen S.,Myeloma Unit | Petrucci M.T.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Larocca A.,Myeloma Unit | Conticello C.,Ospedale Ferrarotto | And 16 more authors.

This multicenter, open-label phase 2 trial determined the safety and efficacy of carfilzomib, a novel and irreversible proteasome inhibitor, in combination with cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone (CCyd) in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) ≥65 years of age or who were ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation. Patients (N 5 58) received CCyd for up to 9 28-day cycles, followed by maintenance with carfilzomib until progression or intolerance. After a median of 9 CCyd induction cycles (range 1-9), 95% of patients achieved at least a partial response, 71% achieved at least a very good partial response, 49% achieved at least a near complete response, and 20% achieved stringent complete response. After a median follow-up of 18 months, the 2-year progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 76% and 87%, respectively. The most frequent grade 3 to 5 toxicities were neutropenia (20%), anemia (11%), and cardiopulmonary adverse events (7%). Peripheral neuropathy was limited to grades 1 and 2 (9%). Fourteen percent of patients discontinued treatment because of adverse events, and 21% of patients required carfilzomib dose reductions. In summary, results showed high complete response rates and a good safety profile. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01346787. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

Palumbo A.,University of Turin | Offidani M.,Clinica di Ematologia | Patriarca F.,University of Udine | Petrucci M.T.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Cavo M.,University of Bologna
Leukemia and Lymphoma

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematologic malignancy characterized by abnormal growth and/or dysregulation of plasma cells leading to the build-up of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow and increased production of monoclonal immunoglobulins. Treatment modalities for MM include autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT), chemotherapy with conventional and immunomodulatory agents, radiation therapy and adjunct therapies. Bendamustine is a synthetic chemotherapeutic agent combining the alkylating properties of a mustard group with the activities of a benzimidazole ring, giving it a unique alkylating activity compared with other alkylating agents. Bendamustine has proven activity in both newly diagnosed and relapsed-refractory MM. Bendamustine has also demonstrated activity in MM after relapse from ASCT, and has recently been used successfully as a conditioning regimen for ASCT in combination with melphalan. Bendamustine is generally well tolerated, with the majority of adverse events being due to bone marrow suppression. Extramedullary toxicity is infrequent and usually mild. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Palumbo A.,Myeloma Unit | Bringhen S.,Myeloma Unit | Mateos M.-V.,University of Salamanca | Larocca A.,Myeloma Unit | And 22 more authors.

We conducted a pooled analysis of 869 individual newly diagnosed elderly patient data from 3 prospective trials. At diagnosis, a geriatric assessment had been performed. An additive scoring system (range 0-5), based on age, comorbidities, and cognitive and physical conditions, was developed to identify 3 groups: fit (score = 0, 39%), intermediate fitness (score = 1,31%), and frail (score ≥2, 30%). The 3-year overall survivalwas 84%in fit, 76% in intermediate-fitness (hazard ratio [HR], 1.61; P = .042), and 57% in frail (HR, 3.57; P < .001) patients. Thecumulative incidence of grade ≥3 nonhematologic adverse events at 12 months was 22.2%in fit, 26.4%in intermediate-fitness (HR, 1.23; P = .217), and 34.0%in frail (HR, 1.74; P < .001) patients. The cumulative incidence of treatment discontinuation at 12months was 16.5%in fit, 20.8%in intermediate-fitness (HR, 1.41; P = .052), and 31.2% in frail (HR, 2.21; P < .001) patients. Our frailty score predicts mortality and the risk of toxicity in elderly myeloma patients. The International Myeloma Working group proposes this score for the measurement of frailty in designing future clinical trials. These trials are registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01093136 (EMN01), #NCT01190787 (26866138MMY2069), and #NCT01346787 (IST-CAR-506). Source

Cavo M.,University of Bologna | Tacchetti P.,University of Bologna | Patriarca F.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Petrucci M.T.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 17 more authors.
The Lancet

Background Thalidomide plus dexamethasone (TD) is a standard induction therapy for myeloma. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of addition of bortezomib to TD (VTD) versus TD alone as induction therapy before, and consolidation therapy after, double autologous stem-cell transplantation in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Methods Patients (aged 18-65 years) with previously untreated symptomatic myeloma were enrolled from 73 sites in Italy between May, 2006, and April, 2008, and data collection continued until June 30, 2010. Patients were randomly allocated (1:1 ratio) by a web-based system to receive three 21-day cycles of thalidomide (100 mg daily for the first 14 days and 200 mg daily thereafter) plus dexamethasone (40 mg daily on 8 of the first 12 days, but not consecutively; total of 320 mg per cycle), either alone or with bortezomib (1•3 mg/m2 on days 1, 4, 8, and 11). The randomisation sequence was computer generated by the study coordinating team and was stratified by disease stage. After double autologous stem-cell transplantation, patients received two 35-day cycles of their assigned drug regimen, VTD or TD, as consolidation therapy. The primary endpoint was the rate of complete or near complete response to induction therapy. Analysis was by intention to treat. Patients and treating physicians were not masked to treatment allocation. This study is still underway but is not recruiting participants, and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01134484, and with EudraCT, number 2005-003723-39. Findings 480 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive VTD (n=241 patients) or TD (n=239). Six patients withdrew consent before start of treatment, and 236 on VTD and 238 on TD were included in the intentionto- treat analysis. After induction therapy, complete or near complete response was achieved in 73 patients (31%, 95% CI 25•0-36•8) receiving VTD, and 27 (11%, 7•3-15•4) on TD (p<0•0001). Grade 3 or 4 adverse events were recorded in a significantly higher number of patients on VTD (n=132, 56%) than in those on TD (n=79, 33%; p<0•0001), with a higher occurrence of peripheral neuropathy in patients on VTD (n=23, 10%) than in those on TD (n=5, 2%; p=0•0004). Resolution or improvement of severe peripheral neuropathy was recorded in 18 of 23 patients on VTD, and in three of five patients on TD. Interpretation VTD induction therapy before double autologous stem-cell transplantation significantly improves rate of complete or near complete response, and represents a new standard of care for patients with multiple myeloma who are eligible for transplant. Funding Seràgnoli Institute of Haematology at the University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Gozzetti A.,Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese | Cerase A.,Unit NINT Neuroimaging and Neurointervention | Rossi D.,University of Piemonte Orientale | Palumbo A.,University of Turin | And 9 more authors.

BACKGROUND: Intracranial involvement in multiple myeloma is extremely rare. The effect of new drugs (eg, thalidomide, bortezomib, lenalidomide) with respect to old drugs (eg, alkylators, steroids) has not been reported. METHODS: We collected clinical and biological data of patients presenting with an osteo-dural or primary dural multiple myeloma (OD-DMM) or a central nervous system myelomatosis (CNS-MM) by sending a questionnaire to the centers of the Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche dell'Adulto (GIMEMA). RESULTS: A total of 50 patients were registered. New therapies were used in 35 patients, whereas 15 patients received old treatments. Twenty-five out of 50 patients obtained a complete remission or a very good partial remission (CR+VGPR). Overall survival (OS) for CNS-MM was 6 months, for OD-DMM 25 months. OS was 25 months for patients treated with new agents versus 8 months with old agents. Improved OS and progression-free survival were predicted by response (CR+VGPR) and by patients who underwent stem cell transplantation versus chemotherapy. β2-Microglobulin >5 mmol/L was a poor prognostic factor. Multivariate analysis showed poor survival for patients with β2-microglobulin >5 mmol/L and better survival for patients achieving CR+VGPR. CONCLUSIONS: The overall data highlight the relevance of therapy with new drugs in intracranial myeloma, providing a framework for future clinical trials. © 2011 American Cancer Society. Source

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