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Bernardi S.,AOU SM della Misericordia | Londero A.P.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Bertozzi S.,AOU SM della Misericordia | Driul L.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Year: 2012

Benign breast disease (BBD) is very common among women in their fertile age, but its correlation with breast reproductive function remains unclear. Our study aimed to investigate the relation between BBD and breast-feeding. We collected data on 105 women with BBD and 98 controls, focusing on their reproductive history and breast-feeding. We analysed data by R (version 2.12.1) considering p < 0.05 as significant. The results showed that fibroadenoma represented the most frequent BBD (55%), followed by fibrocystic changes (19%), intraductal papilloma (6%) and inflammatory breast disorders (5%). The mean age was 31.5 years (± 6.1), BMI 21.2 kg/m (± 3.4) and age at menarche 13.0 years (± 1.5). Duration of breast-feeding was not significantly different between controls and BBD types (p = NS). Selecting women with fibroadenoma breast-feeding duration directly correlated with the number of benign lesions (p < 0.05), which remains significant also by multivariate analysis. It was concluded that there seemed to be no difference in breast-feeding among BBDs types, but lactation may influence the number of fibroadenomas. Moreover, prospective studies would better define the correlation between lactation and BBDs. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.


Londero A.P.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Bertozzi S.,AOU SM della Misericordia | Visentin S.,University of Padua | Fruscalzo A.,St Franziskus Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Gynecological Endocrinology | Year: 2013

Introduction: Our aim was to state the correlation between placental index and pregnancy outcomes or in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) pregnancies. Materials and methods: We included in this retrospective study all singleton births in a third level clinic during the period 2001-2011 (n = 18 386). We divided placental index into quartiles and analyzed the differences between the groups in term of pregnancy outcomes. Then, we estimated crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for placental index over the third centile of the distribution to correlate with pregnancy outcomes. We also analyzed the correlation between IVF/ICSI conceived pregnancies and placental index. Results: Poor pregnancy outcomes were overrepresented in the highest quartile of placental index distribution. Thus, placental index was higher in pregnancies characterized by pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders (PRHDs), small for gestational age infants, newborn needing cardiopulmonary resuscitation or hospitalization in neonatal intensive care unit. These findings were independent of maternal age, length of gestation at delivery, IVF/ICSI conception and ethnicity. For IVF/ICSI pregnancies, the OR for being over the third quartile of placental index distribution was 2.01 (CI.95 1.40-2.90) after adjustment for maternal age, length of gestation, ethnicity, birth weight, parity, fetal sex, alteration of glucose metabolism in pregnancy and PRHDs. Conclusions: We found a high placental index among pregnancies characterized by poor outcomes and conceived by IVF/ICSI. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd.


PubMed | Frauenklinik, Josephs Hospital, AOU SM della Misericordia of Udine and Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pregnancy hypertension | Year: 2015

Our study investigates a possible couple predisposition for pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders (PRHDs).We selected 350 women with PRHDs and a random control cohort without PRHDs. We analyzed their clinical files and asked them and their partners about clinical information and family history for some common pathologies. Statistical bivariate and multivariate analysis was performed by R, considering significant p<0.05.Familial history reveals in cases more maternal grandparents hypertension and thrombophilia, and paternal, personal and familial, thrombophilia history than in controls. By multivariate analysis, the occurrence of PRHDs is influenced by stress, maternal BMI, maternal chronic hypertension, pre-pregnancy diabetes mellitus, nulliparity, maternal grandmother and grandfather hypertension; and academic degrees is a protective factor. Selecting only multipara, PRHDs correlate with advanced maternal age, higher maternal BMI, chronic hypertension, longer interpregnancy interval, stress, previous pregnancies affected by PRHDs, and paternal, personal and familial, thrombophilia history. Moreover the multivariate logistic regression models considering parents familial and personal history results are accurate to predict PRHDs with an AUC of 79% in the general population and 82% among multiparous women.The couple should be evaluated together for PRHDs risk, both parents familial history should be considered in PRHDs screening programs, and further studies are required, in a society continuously changing its characteristics and habits.


Bertozzi S.,Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Santa Maria della Misericordia | Londero A.P.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Petri R.,Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Santa Maria della Misericordia | Bernardi S.,Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Santa Maria della Misericordia
European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology | Year: 2015

Introduction: The literature reports rare cases of isolated axillary lymph node metastasis from cancer of unknown primary (CUP). The authors reviewed the prevalence and outcome of patients with isolated axillary nodal swelling suspicious for malignancy affected or not by isolated axillary node metastasis from CUP. Materials and Methods: The authors collected data about 65 patients presented with isolated axillary lymph node swelling who underwent axillary lymph node excisional biopsy for malignancy suspicion, between January 2005 and December 2011, in the absence of any specific diagnosis. Results: Histological examination revealed a metastatic infiltration by an occult solid cancer in 16 cases (24%), ten of which were occult breast cancers. Histological patterns and molecular markers allowed in all cases of occult cancer a probable identification of the primary tumor site, while a definitive diagnosis was possible only in the 56.25% of cases (9/16). The prognosis of these patients was very poor with a five-year overall survival of 28%, and thus very similar to patients affected by Stage IV overt breast cancer. Conclusions: Among occult malignancies presenting with sole axillary lymph node metastasis, breast cancer remains the more probable primary cancer, but many other sites should be taken into consideration by negative breast imaging. Positron-emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) resulted helpful in the primary site detection, but has nonetheless a margin of failure. Occult breast cancers behave very similar to Stage IV overt breast cancers, and should be treated accordingly.


Angelini M.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Barillari G.,Transfusion Center | Londero A.P.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Bertozzi S.,AOU Santa Maria della Misericordia | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis | Year: 2013

Ovarian vein thrombosis (OVT) is an uncommon but potentially serious complication in the early postpartum. Two case studies seem to prove the point: Case 1 A 24-year-old woman was transferred to our hospital with the chief complaint of abdominal pain radiating to the right thigh, vomit, diarrhea, and a slight pyrexia (37.6 C rectal). Five days earlier, she had a spontaneous vaginal delivery after labor induction. The woman appeared slightly distressed because of pain; vital signs were found to be normal and the CRP elevated (129.9 mg/L). Abdominal examination was remarkable for tenderness by palpation in the right lower quadrant with no rebound tenderness or guarding. Pelvic examination was remarkable for mild right adnexal tenderness. Abdominal-pelvic computer tomography with contrast medium revealed a 2.5-cm OVT having extended into the inferior vena cava for 14 cm with a slight peripheral edema. The patient was treated with nadroparin 0.6 cc (5700 IU) bid and warfarin 5 mg since the attainment of the therapeutic INR range. Case 2 A 31-year-old twin-pregnant woman had an emergency cesarean section at 35 gestational weeks because of hypertension complicated by increased liver enzymes, diuresis contraction, and continuous lower back pain bilaterally radiating to the groins. One day after delivery, CT scan that was performed because of onward anemia showed a pelvic, perihepatic, and perisplenic blood effusion, and a 1-cm right OVT extended to the inferior vena cava below renal veins for 28 mm. She underwent exploratory laparotomy and blood transfusion, and because of respiratory insufficiency she was transferred to a second level center with ICU facility, where she was placed under a suprarenal inferior vena cava filter, and AngioJet Rheolytic Thrombectomy for acute pulmonary embolism was performed. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


Bertozzi S.,Clinic of Surgical Semeiotics | Londero A.P.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Fruscalzo A.,Frauenklinik | Driul L.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology | And 4 more authors.
BMC Women's Health | Year: 2011

Background: The role of episiotomy as a protective factor against pelvic floor disorders postpartum has been debated for many years, but its routine use has been hitherto discouraged in the literature. Comparisons between restrictive and routine use of episiotomy in existent literature, however, fail to include any consideration relating to quality of life. The aim of this study, therefore, is to state the role of episiotomy in preserving the perineum from damage, in order to prevent the influence of pelvic floor disorders on women's psycho-physical wellness after the sixth month postpartum.Methods: A follow-up telephone interview was performed among 377 primiparous and secondiparous Caucasian women who had a child by spontaneous or operative vaginal delivery in 2006 using a self-created questionnaire and King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ).Results: The mean age at delivery was 35.26 (±4.68) years and episiotomy was performed in 59.2% of women. Multivariate linear regression shows episiotomy associated to higher quality of life after the sixth month postpartum by correlating with inferior values of King's Health Questionnaire (p < 0.05).Conclusions: Episiotomy appears to be a protective factor for women's wellness. Women who had episiotomy and who experienced perineal symptoms have a better psycho-physical health status in the 12.79 months (±3.3) follow-up. © 2011 Bertozzi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


PubMed | Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis | Year: 2013

Ovarian vein thrombosis (OVT) is an uncommon but potentially serious complication in the early postpartum. Two case studies seem to prove the point: Case 1 A 24-year-old woman was transferred to our hospital with the chief complaint of abdominal pain radiating to the right thigh, vomit, diarrhea, and a slight pyrexia (37.6 C rectal). Five days earlier, she had a spontaneous vaginal delivery after labor induction. The woman appeared slightly distressed because of pain; vital signs were found to be normal and the CRP elevated (129.9 mg/L). Abdominal examination was remarkable for tenderness by palpation in the right lower quadrant with no rebound tenderness or guarding. Pelvic examination was remarkable for mild right adnexal tenderness. Abdominal-pelvic computer tomography with contrast medium revealed a 2.5-cm OVT having extended into the inferior vena cava for 14 cm with a slight peripheral edema. The patient was treated with nadroparin 0.6 cc (5700 IU) bid and warfarin 5 mg since the attainment of the therapeutic INR range. Case 2 A 31-year-old twin-pregnant woman had an emergency cesarean section at 35 gestational weeks because of hypertension complicated by increased liver enzymes, diuresis contraction, and continuous lower back pain bilaterally radiating to the groins. One day after delivery, CT scan that was performed because of onward anemia showed a pelvic, perihepatic, and perisplenic blood effusion, and a 1-cm right OVT extended to the inferior vena cava below renal veins for 28 mm. She underwent exploratory laparotomy and blood transfusion, and because of respiratory insufficiency she was transferred to a second level center with ICU facility, where she was placed under a suprarenal inferior vena cava filter, and AngioJet Rheolytic Thrombectomy for acute pulmonary embolism was performed.


Plagemann A.,University Medicine Berlin | Harder T.,University Medicine Berlin | Rodekamp E.,University Medicine Berlin | Kohlhoff R.,Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Journal of Perinatal Medicine | Year: 2012

Aim: Increased neonatal weight gain has been suggested as risk factor for later overweight. Offspring of diabetic mothers (ODM) have a long-term increased overweight risk. However, the role of early postnatal weight gain for later overweight has not been addressed so far in ODM. We investigated whether increased weight gain during the first 4 months is related to later overweight in ODM. Methods: Determinants of childhood overweight and neonatal weight gain were analyzed in 152 ODM from the Kaulsdorf Cohort Study by MANOVA and regression analyses. Results: Independent of birth weight, weight gain during the first 4 months was positively related to childhood relative body weight (P = 0.001). Each 100 g-increase in weight during this period increased overweight risk by 65 % (95 % CI: 10 - 247 % ). ODM with rapid early weight gain had a more than six-fold increased risk of later overweight (OR: 6.77; 95 % CI: 1.36 - 33.6). Early neonatal intake of breast milk from metabolically healthy mothers protected from rapid early weight gain (P = 0.03). Conclusions: Increased weight gain during the first 4 months of life is a strong, independent risk factor for childhood overweight in ODM. Preventing nutritionally-induced rapid early weight gain in ODM might be a promising strategy to lower their long-term overweight risk. © by Walter de Gruyter.


PubMed | Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Archives of gynecology and obstetrics | Year: 2015

Retinol (ROH) is an essential micronutrient required for normal fetal development and an essential molecule for antioxidant processes.To investigate the putative role of ROH as a marker of preeclampsia in early second trimester amniotic fluid (AF).Case-control study comparing the concentration of ROH and other antioxidants such as uric acid, vitamin E and malondialdehyde (MDA) in second trimester AF in patients that later developed preeclampsia with normal pregnancies.The concentration of ROH in amniotic fluids of women that later developed preeclampsia was significantly higher than those of uncomplicated pregnancies (66.72g/l (49.00-70.56) vs. 44.4g/l (31.9-51.17), p<0.05). No statistical significant difference was found in uric acid, vitamin E and MDA concentration. In the multivariate logistic regression, concentrations of ROH in amniotic fluids directly correlate with the risk of developing preeclampsia (OR 1.13, IC 0.01-1.26, p<0.05).Second trimester AF ROH concentration was significantly higher in pregnancies that developed preeclampsia compared to normal pregnancies.


PubMed | Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology | Year: 2013

Our aim was to state the correlation between placental index and pregnancy outcomes or in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) pregnancies.We included in this retrospective study all singleton births in a third level clinic during the period 2001-2011 (n = 18,386). We divided placental index into quartiles and analyzed the differences between the groups in term of pregnancy outcomes. Then, we estimated crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for placental index over the third centile of the distribution to correlate with pregnancy outcomes. We also analyzed the correlation between IVF/ICSI conceived pregnancies and placental index.Poor pregnancy outcomes were overrepresented in the highest quartile of placental index distribution. Thus, placental index was higher in pregnancies characterized by pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders (PRHDs), small for gestational age infants, newborn needing cardiopulmonary resuscitation or hospitalization in neonatal intensive care unit. These findings were independent of maternal age, length of gestation at delivery, IVF/ICSI conception and ethnicity. For IVF/ICSI pregnancies, the OR for being over the third quartile of placental index distribution was 2.01 (CI.95 1.40-2.90) after adjustment for maternal age, length of gestation, ethnicity, birth weight, parity, fetal sex, alteration of glucose metabolism in pregnancy and PRHDs.We found a high placental index among pregnancies characterized by poor outcomes and conceived by IVF/ICSI.

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