Clinic of Hematology CCS

Belgrade, Serbia

Clinic of Hematology CCS

Belgrade, Serbia

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Mitrovic M.,Clinic of Hematology CCS | Elezovic I.,Clinic of Hematology CCS | Elezovic I.,University of Belgrade | Grujicic D.,Clinic of Hematology CCS | And 4 more authors.
Platelets | Year: 2015

We report a treatment-naïve patient with Gaucher disease (GD) who experienced repeated bleeding after three neurosurgeries for a brain tumour, identified as an oligoastrocytoma. The patient had normal values on basic haemostatic tests: prothrombin time, 75-105%; activated partial thromboplastin time, 30.3-34 s; and mild thrombocytopaenia, 96-115 × 109cells/l. However, additional tests showed mild von Willebrand factor (vWF) deficiency (vWF antigen, 56%; vWF ristocetin cofactor, 49%; factor VIII [FVIII], 54%) and abnormal collagen-mediated platelet aggregation (0.45-0.55). Bleeding control was achieved after vWF/FVIII concentrate and platelet transfusions. This case raises questions about the safe platelet count and basic haemostatic tests for assessing bleeding risk in patients with GD prior to surgery. In patients with GD, a minimum haemostatic evaluation should include platelet count and basic haemostatic tests such as fibrinogen, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time as well as platelet function tests and assessing vWF and FVIII levels. Specific coagulation factors or platelet function deficiencies should be corrected with factor concentrates or platelet transfusions. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd.


Mitrovic M.,Clinic of Hematology CCS | Elezovic I.,Clinic of Hematology CCS | Elezovic I.,University of Belgrade | Miljic P.,Clinic of Hematology CCS | And 3 more authors.
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases | Year: 2014

Although various coagulation abnormalities occur in patients with Gaucher disease (GD), von Willebrand factor (vWF) deficiency has rarely been reported. A retrospective review of six treatment naïve cases with GD and concomitant vWF deficiency over a 12-year-period in a single center is presented. All patients had a personal history of prior hemorrhages. Based on both reduced level of vWF antigen (vWF:Ag, range 14-56%) and ristocetin cofactor activity (vWF:RCo, range 12-53%), with a vWF:RCo/Ag ratio >0.7, the diagnosis of type 1 von Willebrand disease was made in all six cases. During enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) of a 2-year duration all patients normalized their vWF:Ag levels. Based on the positive ERT effect on vWF:Ag levels, vWF deficiency was assumed to be acquired. It should be noted that beside vWF deficiency four patients with GD exhibited mild thrombocytopenia (range 81-131×109/L) and three had additional hemostatic defects (reduced collagen platelet aggregation, FV, FXI and FXII deficiencies). © 2013 Elsevier Inc.


Mitrovic M.,Clinic of Hematology CCS | Suvajdzic N.,Clinic of Hematology CCS | Suvajdzic N.,University of Belgrade | Elezovic I.,Clinic of Hematology CCS | And 16 more authors.
Thrombosis Research | Year: 2015

Introduction Thrombotic events (TE) appear to be more common in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) than in other acute leukemias, with reported prevalence ranging from 2 to10-15%. Materials and Methods We retrospectively analyzed the data on TE appearance in 63 APL patients. Results TE occured in 13 (20.6%) cases, four arterial (6.3%) and nine venous (14.3%). TE were more frequently diagnosed after initiation of weekly D-dimer monitoring (7 TE during 20 months vs 6 during 76 months, P = 0.032). Patients with and without venous thrombosis were significantly different regarding female/male ratio (P = 0.046), PT (P = 0.022), aPTT (P = 0.044), ISTH DIC score (P = 0.001), bcr3 (P = 0.02) and FLT3-ITD (P = 0.028) mutation. The most significant risk factor for venous TE occurrence in multivariate analysis was FLT3-ITD mutation (P = 0.034). PAI-1 4G/4G polymorphism was five times more frequent in patients with venous TE than without it (P = 0.05). Regarding risk factors for arterial TE we failed to identify any. Conclusions We have demonstrated that APL-related TE rate is higher than previously reported and that weekly D-dimer monitoring might help to identify patients with silent thrombosis. Moreover, our study suggests a possible relationship between venous TE occurrence and several laboratory findings (PT, aPTT, ISTH DIC score, bcr3 isoform, FLT3-ITD mutation and PAI 4G/4G). Prophylactic use of heparin might be considered in patients with ISTH DIC score < 5, bcr3 isoform, FLT3-ITD mutation and PAI 4G/4G. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | University of Belgrade and Clinic of Hematology CCS
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Blood cells, molecules & diseases | Year: 2014

Although various coagulation abnormalities occur in patients with Gaucher disease (GD), von Willebrand factor (vWF) deficiency has rarely been reported. A retrospective review of six treatment nave cases with GD and concomitant vWF deficiency over a 12-year-period in a single center is presented. All patients had a personal history of prior hemorrhages. Based on both reduced level of vWF antigen (vWF:Ag, range 14-56%) and ristocetin cofactor activity (vWF:RCo, range 12-53%), with a vWF:RCo/Ag ratio >0.7, the diagnosis of type 1 von Willebrand disease was made in all six cases. During enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) of a 2-year duration all patients normalized their vWF:Ag levels. Based on the positive ERT effect on vWF:Ag levels, vWF deficiency was assumed to be acquired. It should be noted that beside vWF deficiency four patients with GD exhibited mild thrombocytopenia (range 81-13110(9)/L) and three had additional hemostatic defects (reduced collagen platelet aggregation, FV, FXI and FXII deficiencies).


PubMed | Clinic of Hematology CCS
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Platelets | Year: 2015

We report a treatment-nave patient with Gaucher disease (GD) who experienced repeated bleeding after three neurosurgeries for a brain tumour, identified as an oligoastrocytoma. The patient had normal values on basic haemostatic tests: prothrombin time, 75-105%; activated partial thromboplastin time, 30.3-34s; and mild thrombocytopaenia, 96-11510(9)cells/l. However, additional tests showed mild von Willebrand factor (vWF) deficiency (vWF antigen, 56%; vWF ristocetin cofactor, 49%; factor VIII [FVIII], 54%) and abnormal collagen-mediated platelet aggregation (0.45-0.55). Bleeding control was achieved after vWF/FVIII concentrate and platelet transfusions. This case raises questions about the safe platelet count and basic haemostatic tests for assessing bleeding risk in patients with GD prior to surgery. In patients with GD, a minimum haemostatic evaluation should include platelet count and basic haemostatic tests such as fibrinogen, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time as well as platelet function tests and assessing vWF and FVIII levels. Specific coagulation factors or platelet function deficiencies should be corrected with factor concentrates or platelet transfusions.

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