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Thill M.,University of Hamburg | Grierson R.,University of Hamburg | Reinhart I.,University of Hamburg | Voelkel T.,Miltenyi Biotec GmbH | And 6 more authors.
Melanoma Research | Year: 2011

'Cancer stem cells' (CSCs) are tumor cells with stem cell properties hypothesized to be responsible for tumorigenesis, metastatis, and resistance to treatment, and have been identified in different tumors including cutaneous melanoma, using stem cell markers such as CD133. This study explored expression of CD133 and other putative stem cell markers in uveal melanoma. Eight uveal melanoma cell lines were subjected to flow-cytometric (fluorescence-activated cell sorting) analysis of CD133 and other stem cell markers. Eight paraffin-embedded tumors were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for CD133, Pax6, Musashi, nestin, Sox2, ABCB5, and CD68 expressions. Ocular, uveal melanoma, and hematopoietic stem cell distributions of C-terminal and N-terminal CD133 mRNA splice variants were compared by reverse-transcription PCR. Fluorescence- activated cell sorting analysis revealed a population of CD133-positive/nestin- positive cells in cell lines Mel270, OMM 2.3, and OMM2.5. All cell lines studied were positive for nestin, CXCR-4, CD44, and c-kit. Immunohistochemistry identified cells positive for CD133, Pax6, Musashi, nestin, Sox2, ABCB5, and CD68 predominantly at the invading tumor front. C-terminal primers interacting with CD133 splice variant s2 detected a novel variant lacking exon 27. Differential expression of CD133 splice variants was found in iris, ciliary body, retina, and retinal pigment epithelium/choroid as well as in uveal melanoma cell lines. mRNA for nestin, Sox2, and Musashi was present in all studied cell lines. Uveal melanoma such as cutaneous melanoma may therefore contain CSCs. Further experiments are needed to isolate stem cell marker-positive cells, to evaluate their functional properties and to explore therapeutical approaches to these putative CSCs in uveal melanoma. © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams &Wilkins.

Vafaizadeh V.,Paul Ehrlich Institute | Klemmt P.,Paul Ehrlich Institute | Brendel C.,Paul Ehrlich Institute | Weber K.,Clinic for Stem Cell Transplantation | And 6 more authors.
Stem Cells | Year: 2010

The mammary gland represents a unique model system to study gene functions in adult stem cells. Mammary stem cells (MaSCs) can regenerate a functional epithelium on transplantation into cleared fat pads. We studied the consequences of distinct genetic modifications of MaSCs on their repopulation and differentiation ability. The reconstitution of ductal trees was used as a stem cell selection procedure and the nearly quantitative lentiviral infection efficiency of the primary mammary epithelial cells (MECs) rendered the enrichment of MaSCs before their transplantation unnecessary. The repopulation frequency of transduced MaSCs was nearly 100% in immunodeficient recipients and the resulting transgenic ducts homogeneously expressed the virally encoded fluorescent marker proteins. Transplantation of a mixture of MECs, expressing different fluorescent proteins, resulted in a distinct pattern of ductal outgrowths originating from a small number of individually transduced MaSCs. We used genetically modified MECs to define multiple functions of Stat5 during mammary gland development and differentiation. Stat5-downregulation in MaSCs did not affect primary ductal outgrowth, but impaired side branching and the emergence of mature alveolar cells from luminal progenitors during pregnancy. Conversely, the expression of a constitutively active variant of Stat5 (cS5-F) caused epithelial hyperproliferation, thickening of the ducts and precocious, functional alveoli formation in virgin mice. Expression of cS5-F also prevented involution and caused the formation of estrogen and progesterone receptor positive (ER+PR+) adenocarcinomas. The tumors expressed activated Stat5 and Stat3 and contained a small fraction of CD44+ cells, possibly indicative of cancer stem cells. © AlphaMed Press.

Heinzelmann F.,University of Tubingen | Bethge W.,UH of Tubingen | Beelen D.W.,UH of Essen | Engelhard M.,UH of Essen | And 16 more authors.
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2016

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) offers the chance of cure for patients with non-transformed follicular lymphoma (FL), but is associated with the risk of non-relapse mortality (NRM). The aim of this study was to identify subgroups of FL patients who benefit from HCT. The European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) Minimum-Essential-A Data of 146 consecutive patients who received HCT for FL between 1998 and 2008 were extracted from the database of the German Registry 'DRST'. Diagnosis of FL was verified by contact with the reference pathologists. Estimated 1-, 2- and 5-year overall survivals (OS) were 67%, 60% and 53%, respectively. Day 100 NRM was 15%. Thirteen out of 33 patients (40%) with treatment-refractory disease (RD) at the time of transplantation survived long term. Univariate statistical analysis suggested limited chronic GvHD, donor age ≤42 years and TBI-based conditioning in treatment refractory patients to correlate with favorable OS. Independent prognostic factors for OS were treatment-sensitive disease and limited chronic GvHD for the whole cohort, and additionally TBI-based conditioning for the treatment refractory subgroup. In contrast, patient age ≥55 years had no impact on outcome. Thus, HCT for FL is associated with acceptable NRM, and offers a substantial chance of cure for patients with RD or advanced age. Donors ≤42 years should be preferred if available. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

Stockschlaeder M.,Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf | Shardakova O.,Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf | Weber K.,Clinic for Stem Cell Transplantation | Weber K.,Goethe University Frankfurt | And 5 more authors.
Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis | Year: 2010

Postnatal vasculogenesis has been implicated as an important mechanism for neovascularization via bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) circulating in peripheral blood. In preparation of the utilization of EPCs in clinical protocols, we have generated blood-derived EPCs according to two established protocols by culturing either nonadherent mononuclear cells on fibronectin or adherent mononuclear cells on collagen. To explore the feasibility of these EPCs for their potential clinical use as target cells for genetic transduction to enhance their thromboresistance, newly designed retroviral and lentiviral gene ontology expression vectors were tested. Whereas cell clusters derived from the nonadherent cells demonstrated an only limited proliferative potential, cell colonies derived from collagen-adherent cells expanded more than a million-fold. Characterization of the exponentially growing cells by surface antigen and gene expression profiling revealed a consistently strong expression of characteristic endothelial markers, whereas expression of leukocyte markers was gradually lost. Using a single-step transduction protocol, we were able to achieve gene transfer efficiency of up to 99%. Our results suggest that the generated blood-derived EPC population might be attractive target cells for tissue engineering and gene therapy protocols due to their well defined phenotype, extensive proliferative potential, and efficient genetic transducibility, three important qualities that need to be defined prior to any clinical use. © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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