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Sillmann J.,University of Victoria | Sillmann J.,Max Planck Institute for Meteorology | Mischa M.C.,Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology | Kallache M.,French Climate and Environment Sciences Laboratory | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Climate | Year: 2011

North Atlantic atmospheric blocking conditions explain part of the winter climate variability in Europe, being associated with anomalous cold winter temperatures. In this study, the generalized extreme value (GEV) distribution is fitted to monthly minima of European winter 6-hourly minimum temperatures from the ECHAM5/MPI-OM global climate model simulations and the ECMWF reanalysis product known as ERA- 40, with an indicator for atmospheric blocking conditions being used as covariate. It is demonstrated that relating the location and scale parameter of the GEV distribution to atmospheric blocking improves the fit to extreme minimum temperatures in large areas of Europe. The climate model simulations agree reasonably with ERA-40 in the present climate (1961-2000). Under the influence of atmospheric blocking, a decrease in the 0.95th quantiles of extreme minimum temperatures can be distinguished. This cooling effect of atmospheric blocking is, however, diminished in future climate simulations because of a shift in blocking location, and thus reduces the chances of very cold winters in northeastern parts of Europe. © 2011 American Meteorological Society. Source


Trademark
Climpact | Date: 2011-03-29

Computer software for use in database management in the field of weather and climate services. Providing access to a computer database in the field of finances, economics, weather and climate. Technical project studies in relation to climate and environment constrains, namely, research in the field of climate change; software development and design; scientific research and environmental and climate modeling, namely, computer modeling services, namely, computer simulation from computer programs for others; professional consultancy in the area of climate and the environment, namely, providing scientific information in the fields of climate change and global warming; evaluations, estimates and scientific and technological research provided by engineers, namely, engineering consultancy in meteorology, oceanography, climatology and the environment; information agencies relating to climate and the environment, namely, providing scientific information on the weather and the environment.


Trademark
Climpact | Date: 2011-06-21

computer software for use in database management in the field of weather and climate services. Market research, business organization consultancy, organization of exhibitions for commercial purposes, computerized file management, all of these services being dedicated to the impact of climate and weather on the economy. Providing access to a computer database in the field of finances, economics, weather and climate. Technical project studies in relation to climate and environment constrains, namely, research in the field of climate change; software development and design; scientific research and environmental and climate modeling, namely, computer modeling services, namely, computer simulation from computer programs for others; professional consultancy in the area of climate and the environment, namely, providing scientific information in the fields of climate change and global warming; evaluations, estimates and scientific and technological research provided by engineers, namely, engineering consultancy in meteorology, oceanography, climatology and the environment; information agencies relating to climate and the environment, namely, providing scientific information on the weather and the environment.


Trademark
Climpact | Date: 2011-08-02

Computer software programs for use in database management in the field of weather services. Conducting marketing studies, business organization consultancy, organization of exhibitions for commercial purposes, computerized file management, all these services relating to issues associated with meteorology, climatology and the environment. Provision of access to data or documents stored electronically in central files for remote consultation in the fields of economic, financial or environmental data. Conducting feasibility studies of technical projects relating to meteorological and climatic constraints; computer programming; services of engineers, namely, engineering; conducting technical project studies; design and development of computer software, all these services relating to consultancy in meteorology, climatology and the environment; scientific research and computer modeling, namely, computer simulation from computer programs of others of the weather and climate and their impact on economic activity; professional consultancy on the issues of the weather, climate and the environment, namely, providing scientific information in the fields of climate change and global warming; evaluations and research in the scientific and technological fields provided by engineers, namely, engineering consultancy in meteorology, climatology and the environment; information agency for issues relating to the weather, climate and the environment, namely, providing meteorological information and scientific information and environmental information in the fields of climate change.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: INFRA-2007-1.2-01 | Award Amount: 2.85M | Year: 2008

Climate science plays an increasingly important role for European policy-makers and private sector companies. Basic research and development of effective strategies to mitigate climate change and deal with its impact on society are required, involving a wide range of experts from multiple disciplines. These expert need to access climate data, in particular data from model projections for the next decades and centuries, and to assess the suitability of that data for their purposes. Currently, even if large repositories of climate data are accessible, these repositories are poorly connected and described. The data is therefore difficult to understand, compare and exploit because there is no common information paradigm.\n\nThe main objective of METAFOR is to define a Common Information Model (CIM) that describes in a standard way climate data and the models that produce the data. METAFOR will build on existing metadata (data describing data) currently used in existing data repositories and address issues like metadata fragmentation, gaps, or duplication. In close interaction with related initiatives at the international level, METAFOR will propose solutions to identify, access and use the climate data in these repositories. To support the adoption of the CIM, METAFOR will build CIM-based tools and services, allowing specific data and models to be found and compared between holdings at partner sites. METAFOR will therefore optimise the way climate data infrastructures are used to store knowledge, thereby adding value to primary research data for an increasingly wide range of stakeholders.\n\nMETAFOR will take the first step in doing for climate data what search engines have done for the Internet: it will put users of climate data in touch with the information they need. Simply unlocking existing climate data repositories for new communities will provide new exciting opportunities for scientific research, policy making, and private sector competitiveness.

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