CLCC Oscar Lambret

Saint-André-lez-Lille, France

CLCC Oscar Lambret

Saint-André-lez-Lille, France
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PubMed | Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Louis Pradel Hospital, University Paul Sabatier, University Paris - Sud and 3 more.
Type: | Journal: Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) | Year: 2016

Sunitinib is a potent oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor of VEGFRs, KIT, and PDGFRs. In a single arm phase II trial, sunitinib has demonstrated its potential activity in refractory thymic carcinoma (TC) and thymoma (T). Taking advantage of the French RYTHMIC network prospective database, we investigated the off-label efficacy of sunitinib in previously-treated thymic epithelial tumors (TETs) patients not included in a clinical trial.RYTHMIC database started in 2012, and prospectively collects clinical, imaging, treatment, and follow-up data of all patients diagnosed with TET, for whom management is discussed at a national multidisciplinary tumor board. All patients who received sunitinib were selected for this analysis.28 patients from 7 institutions were identified, including 20 TC and 8T; 32% of patients were females, and median age was 50 years. Fifteen patients (54%) received sunitinib as 4th line treatment. The initial daily dose of sunitinib was 50mg in 11 patients, 37.5mg in 16 patients and 25mg in 1 patient. Sunitinib adverse events were all manageable and tolerable; 8 patients had to stop sunitinib due to toxicity after a median duration of treatment of 2.7 months. In the overall population, disease control rate was of 63% (86% for T, and 55% for TC); overall response rate was 22% (29% for T, and 20% for TC). Median PFS in the whole population was 3.7 months (5.4 months for T, and 3.3 months for TC, p=0.097). The median overall survival in the whole population was 15.4 months: survival was not reached for T, and was 12.3 months for TC patients (p=0.043).Sunitinib is an active treatment in TETs irrespective of histological subtype, supporting the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors with anti-angiogenic activity as alternative treatment options in refractory disease.

PubMed | CLCC Oscar Lambret, French National Center for Scientific Research and Lille University Hospital Center
Type: | Journal: Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) | Year: 2016

The receptor tyrosine kinase MET is essential to embryonic development and organ regeneration. Its deregulation is associated with tumorigenesis. While MET gene amplification and mutations leading to MET self-activation concern only a few patients, a high MET level has been found in about half of the non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) tested. How this affects MET activation in tumors is unclear. Also uncertain is the prognostic value, in cancer, of a phenomenon well described in cell models: MET shedding, i.e. its cleavage by membrane proteases leading to release of a soluble fragment into the medium.A prospective cohort of 39 NSCLC patients was constituted at diagnosis or soon after. Normal tissues, tumor tissues, and blood samples were obtained. This allowed, for the same patient, synchronous determination of (i) the MET level in the tumor, (ii) receptor phosphorylation, and (iii) the concentration of soluble MET fragment (sMET) in the serum.After confirming the adequacy of an ELISA for measuring the serum level of sMET, we found no correlation between this level and the concentration of MET in tumors, as evaluated by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. Nevertheless, all but one tumor displaying a high MET level also displayed receptor phosphorylation, restricted to a small number of tumor cells.Our results thus demonstrate that the serum level of sMET is not indicative of the amount of MET present in the tumor cells and cannot be used as a biomarker for therapeutic purposes. However, MET scoring of tumor biopsies could be a first step prior to determination of MET receptor activation in high-MET tumors.

PubMed | Center Francois Baclesse, Hopital Rene Huguenin Institute Curie, University of Lyon, CLCC Oscar Lambret and 6 more.
Type: Clinical Trial | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Breast Cancer is a complex multifactorial disease for which high-penetrance mutations have been identified. Approaches used to date have identified genomic features explaining about 50% of breast cancer heritability. A number of low- to medium penetrance alleles (per-allele odds ratio < 1.5 and 4.0, respectively) have been identified, suggesting that the remaining heritability is likely to be explained by the cumulative effect of such alleles and/or by rare high-penetrance alleles. Relatively few studies have specifically explored the mitochondrial genome for variants potentially implicated in breast cancer risk. For these reasons, we propose an exploration of the variability of the mitochondrial genome in individuals diagnosed with breast cancer, having a positive breast cancer family history but testing negative for BRCA1/2 pathogenic mutations. We sequenced the mitochondrial genome of 436 index breast cancer cases from the GENESIS study. As expected, no pathogenic genomic pattern common to the 436 women included in our study was observed. The mitochondrial genes MT-ATP6 and MT-CYB were observed to carry the highest number of variants in the study. The proteins encoded by these genes are involved in the structure of the mitochondrial respiration chain, and variants in these genes may impact reactive oxygen species production contributing to carcinogenesis. More functional and epidemiological studies are needed to further investigate to what extent variants identified may influence familial breast cancer risk.

Besse B.,University Paris - Sud | Le Moulec S.,Hopital dInstruction des Armees du Val de Grace | Mazieres J.,Toulouse University Hospital Center | Senellart H.,Institute Of Cancerologie Of Louest | And 18 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2015

Purpose: The phase II prospective, noncomparative BRAIN study (NCT00800202) investigated efficacy and safety of bevacizumab in chemotherapy-naïve or pretreated patients with non- small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and asymptomatic untreated brain metastases to provide data in this previously unexplored subgroup. Experimental Design: Patients with stage IV nonsquamous NSCLC, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-1, and untreated, asymptomatic brain metastases received fi rst-line bevacizumab (15 mg/kg) plus carboplatin (area under the curve x6) and paclitaxel (200 mg/m2) every 3 weeks (B + CP), or second-line bevacizumab plus erlotinib (150 mg/d; B + E). Six-month progression-free survival (PFS) was the primary endpoint. The trial could be stopped if there were more than three (B + CP) or more than two (B + E) intracranial hemorrhages. Results: In first-line B + CP cohort (n = 67), 6-month PFS rate was 56.5% with a median PFS of 6.7 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 5.7-7.1] and median overall survival (OS) of 16.0 months. Investigator-assessed overall response rate (ORR) was 62.7%: 61.2% in intracranial lesions and 64.2% in extracranial lesions. Because of low enrolment (n = 24), efficacy results for the second-line B + E cohort were exploratory only; 6-month PFS rate was 57.2%, median PFS was 6.3 months (95% CI, 3.0-8.4), median OS was 12.0 months, andORR was 12.5%. Adverse events were comparable with previous trials of bevacizumab.One grade 1 intracranial hemorrhage occurred and resolved without sequelae. Conclusions: The BRAIN study demonstrates encouraging efficacy and acceptable safety of bevacizumab with first-line paclitaxel and carboplatin in patients with NSCLC and asymptomatic, untreated brain metastases. ©2015 AACR.

PubMed | Laboratoire Of Therapie Cellulaire, University of Cologne, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, CNRS Gustave Roussy Institute and 8 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncoimmunology | Year: 2016

Dendritic cell-derived exosomes (Dex) are small extracellular vesicles secreted by viable dendritic cells. In the two phase-I trials that we conducted using the first generation of Dex (IFN--free) in end-stage cancer, we reported that Dex exerted natural killer (NK) cell effector functions in patients. A second generation of Dex (IFN--Dex) was manufactured with the aim of boosting NK and T cell immune responses. We carried out a phase II clinical trial testing the clinical benefit of IFN--Dex loaded with MHC class I- and class II-restricted cancer antigens as maintenance immunotherapy after induction chemotherapy in patients bearing inoperable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without tumor progression. The primary endpoint was to observe at least 50% of patients with progression-free survival (PFS) at 4 mo after chemotherapy cessation. Twenty-two patients received IFN--Dex. One patient exhibited a grade three hepatotoxicity. The median time to progression was 2.2 mo and median overall survival (OS) was 15 mo. Seven patients (32%) experienced stabilization of >4 mo. The primary endpoint was not reached. An increase in NKp30-dependent NK cell functions were evidenced in a fraction of these NSCLC patients presenting with defective NKp30 expression. Importantly, MHC class II expression levels of the final IFN--Dex product correlated with expression levels of the NKp30 ligand BAG6 on Dex, and with NKp30-dependent NK functions, the latter being associated with longer progression-free survival. This phase II trial confirmed the capacity of Dex to boost the NK cell arm of antitumor immunity in patients with advanced NSCLC.

PubMed | CLCC Oscar Lambret, Unite de soins palliatifs, Institute Of Cancerologie Lucien Neuwirth and Onco psychiatre
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Revue des maladies respiratoires | Year: 2015

The modest impact of specific treatments is a major problem in oncology and particularly for metastatic lung cancer patients. Therapeutic progress achieved by some targeted therapies is, in fact, only relevant for a small proportion of patients. The vast majority of people with this condition are rapidly confronted by the limits of specific therapies and management is or becomes entirely palliative. This article addresses therapeutic limitations in the management of metastatic lung cancer, as well as legislative aspects and guidelines for practitioners when discussing these issues with patients, together with a discussion of the psychological consequences for patients.

Dewas S.,Charles de Gaulle University - Lille 3 | Mirabel X.,Charles de Gaulle University - Lille 3 | Kramar A.,CLCC Oscar Lambret | Jarraya H.,CLCC Oscar Lambret | And 4 more authors.
Cancer/Radiotherapie | Year: 2012

Purpose: The CyberKnife ® system is a recent radiation therapy technique that allows treatment of liver lesions with real-time tracking. Because of its high precision, the dose administered to the tumor can be increased. We report Oscar-Lambret Cancer Centre experience in the treatment of primary and secondary liver lesions. Patients and methods: It is a retrospective study analyzing all the patients who have been treated for their liver lesions since July 2007. A hundred and twenty patients have been treated: 42 for hepatocellular carcinoma, 72 for liver metastases and six for cholangiocarcinoma. Gold seeds need to be implanted before the treatment and are used as markers to follow the movement of the lesion due to respiration. On average, the treatment is administered in three to four sessions over 12 days. A total dose of 40 to 45. Gy at the 80% isodose is delivered. Local control and overall survival analysis with Log-rank is performed for each type of lesion. Results: Treatment tolerance is good. The most common toxicities are of digestive type, pain and asthenia. Six gastro-duodenal ulcers and two radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) were observed. At a median follow-up of 15 months, the local control rate is respectively of 80.4% and 72.5% at 1 and 2 years. Overall survival is 84.6 and 58.3% at 1 and 2 years. The local control is significantly better for the hepatocellular carcinoma and overall survival is significantly better for liver metastases (. P<. 0.05). The local control rate and overall survival at 1 year for cholangiocarcinoma is 100%. Conclusion: CyberKnife ® is a promising technique, well tolerated, with tumoral local control rates comparable to other techniques. Its advantage is that it is very minimally invasive delivered as an outpatient procedure in a frail population of patient (disease, age). © 2011 Société française de radiothérapie oncologique (SFRO).

Dewas S.,Charles de Gaulle University - Lille 3 | Bibault J.-E.,Charles de Gaulle University - Lille 3 | Mirabel X.,Charles de Gaulle University - Lille 3 | Fumagalli I.,Charles de Gaulle University - Lille 3 | And 5 more authors.
Radiation Oncology | Year: 2012

Purpose: Robotic Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy with real-time tumor tracking has shown encouraging results for hepatic tumors with good efficacy and low toxicity. We studied the factors associated with local control of primary or secondary hepatic lesions post-SBRT.Methods and materials: Since 2007, 153 stereotactic liver treatments were administered to 120 patients using the CyberKnife® System. Ninety-nine liver metastases (72 patients), 48 hepatocellular carcinomas (42 patients), and six cholangiocarcinomas were treated. On average, three to four sessions were delivered over 12 days. Twenty-seven to 45 Gy was prescribed to the 80% isodose line. Margins consisted of 5 to 10 mm for clinical target volume (CTV) and 3 mm for planning target volume (PTV).Results: Median size was 33 mm (range, 5-112 mm). Median gross tumor volume (GTV) was 32.38 cm3 (range, 0.2-499.5 cm3). Median total dose was 45 Gy in three fractions. Median minimum dose was 27 Gy in three fractions. With a median follow-up of 15.0 months, local control rates at one and two years were 84% and 74.6%, respectively. The factors associated with better local control were lesion size < 50 mm (p = 0.019), GTV volume (p < 0.05), PTV volume (p < 0.01) and two treatment factors: a total dose of 45 Gy and a dose-per-fraction of 15 Gy (p = 0.019).Conclusions: Dose, tumor diameter and volume are prognostic factors for local control when a stereotactic radiation therapy for hepatic lesions is considered. These results should be considered in order to obtain a maximum therapeutic efficacy. © 2012 Dewas et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Bibault J.-E.,Lille University of Science and Technology | Dewas S.,Lille University of Science and Technology | Vautravers-Dewas C.,Lille University of Science and Technology | Hollebecque A.,Institut Universitaire de France | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Purpose:Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been evaluated in several recent studies. The CyberKnife® is an SBRT system that allows for real-time tracking of the tumor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic factors for local control and overall survival following this treatment.Patients and Methods:75 patients with 96 liver-confined HCC were treated with SBRT at the Oscar Lambret Comprehensive Cancer Center. Fiducials were implanted in the liver before treatment and were used as markers to track the lesion's movement. Treatment response was scored according to RECIST v1.1. Local control and overall survival were calculated using the Kaplan and Meier method. A stepwise multivariate analysis (Cox regression) of prognostic factors was performed for local control and overall survival.Results:There were 67 patients with Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) Class A and eight patients with CTP Class B. Treatment was administered in three sessions. A total dose of 40-45 Gy to the 80% isodose line was delivered. The median follow-up was 10 months (range, 3-49 months). The local control rate was 89.8% at 1 and 2 years. Overall survival was 78.5% and 50.4% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. Toxicity mainly consisted of grade 1 and grade 2 events. Higher alpha-fetoprotein (aFP) levels were associated with less favorable local control (HR=1.001; 95% CI [1.000, 1.002]; p=0.0063). A higher dose was associated with better local control (HR=0.866; 95% CI [0.753, 0.996]; p=0.0441). A Child-Pugh score higher than 5 was associated with worse overall survival (HR= 3.413; 95% CI [1.235, 9.435]; p=0.018).Conclusion:SBRT affords good local tumor control and higher overall survival rates than other historical controls (best supportive care or sorafenib). High aFP levels were associated with lesser local control, but a higher treatment dose improved local control. © 2013 Bibault et al.

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