Lake Clarke Shores, IA, United States
Lake Clarke Shores, IA, United States

Clarke University is a four-year liberal arts college located in Dubuque, Iowa, United States, affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church in the Archdiocese of Dubuque. The campus is situated on a bluff overlooking the Mississippi River and picturesque downtown Dubuque. Clarke is known regionally as the "College for the Arts", and offers a broad undergraduate curriculum in 19 academic departments with over 40 majors and programs. The university also provides graduate master's and doctoral degrees in select areas of study and has a general enrollment of approximately 1,200 students. Wikipedia.


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McParlin C.,Royal Infirmary | Bell R.,Clarke University | Robson S.C.,Newcastle University | Muirhead C.R.,Clarke University | Araujo-Soares V.,Clarke University
Midwifery | Year: 2016

Objective: to investigate barriers and facilitators to physical activity (PA) guideline implementation for midwives when advising obese pregnant women. Design: a cross-sectional, self-completion, anonymous questionnaire was designed using the Theoretical Domains Framework. this framework was developed to evaluate the implementation of guidelines by health care professionals. A total of 40 questions were included. These were informed by previous research on pregnant women's and midwives views, knowledge and attitudes to PA, and supported by national evidence based guidelines. Demographic information and free text comments were also collected. Setting: three diverse NHS Trusts in the North East of England. Participants: all midwives employed by two hospital Trusts and the community midwives from the third Trust (n=375) were invited to participate. Measurements: mean domain scores were calculated. Factor and regression analysis were performed to describe which theoretical domains may be influencing practice. Free text comments were analysed thematically. Findings: 192 (53%) questionnaires were returned. Mean domain scores were highest for social professional role and knowledge, and lowest for skills, beliefs about capabilities and behaviour regulation. Regression analysis indicated that skills and memory/attention/decision domains had a statistically significant influence on midwives discussing PA with obese pregnant women and advising them accordingly. Midwives comments indicated that they felt it was part of their role to discuss PA with all pregnant women but felt they lacked the skills and resources to do so effectively. Key conclusions: midwives seem to have the necessary knowledge about the need/importance of PA advice for obese women and believe it is part of their role, but perceive they lack necessary skills and resources, and do not plan or prioritise the discussion regarding PA with obese pregnant woman. Implications for practice: designing interventions that improve skills, promote routine enquiry regarding PA and provide resources (eg. information, referral pathways) may help improve midwives' PA advice. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | Monash University and Clarke University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Environmental entomology | Year: 2016

Nepenthes pitcher plants are colonized by a variety of specialized arthropods. As Aedes mosquitoes are container breeders, Nepenthes pitchers are a potential candidate oviposition site for vector species, such as Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse). However, Aedes spp. are not commonly encountered in Nepenthes pitchers, and the environment inside the pitchers of some species is lethal to them. One exception is Nepenthes ampullaria Jack, whose pitchers are known to be colonized by Ae. albopictus on very rare occasions. Given that Ae. albopictus larvae can survive in N. ampullaria pitcher fluids, we sought to determine why pitcher colonization is rare, testing the hypothesis that gravid Aedes mosquitoes are deterred from ovipositing into container habitats that have similar characteristics to N. ampullaria pitchers. Using plastic ovitraps of different sizes, colors, and with different types of fluids (based on the characteristics of N. ampullaria pitchers), we compared oviposition rates by Aedes mosquitoes in urban and rural areas within the geographical range of N. ampullaria near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Ovitraps that were black and large (>250-ml capacity) accumulated significantly more eggs than ovitraps that were smaller, or green in color. In terms of size and color, small, green ovitraps are analogous to N. ampullaria pitchers, indicating that these pitchers are not particularly attractive to gravid Ae. albopictus. Although Aedes spp. are capable of colonizing N. ampullaria pitchers, the pitchers are relatively unattractive to gravid females and do not represent a significant habitat for larvae of dengue vectors at present.


Weltin A.,Clarke University
American Journal of Nursing | Year: 2013

Background. The idea of a garden first surfaced during clinic visits with diabetic patients, during which the diabetes educator and I worked together to educate these patients on healthier food options. As experienced gardeners, we suggested they create their own home gardens as a way of ensuring healthiereating habits. But none of the Marshallese patients had experience gardening and didn't act on our suggestions. We realized we'd have to show them ourselves how to create and maintain a garden. It took us about a year to organize this effort, beginning with a discussion with their pastor. The church at which most Marshallese worship is a home that has been converted into a worship space; it has a large backyard, which the pastor agreed could be used to create a garden. Preparation. The husband of one of the RNs at the clinic rototilled the land in preparation for planting. A physician donated excess fencing from her farm property. We put up signs in the clinic and local hospital asking for donations, and people generously gave supplies like shovels, hoes, rakes, and tomato cages. We received a small donation from the hospital of $100 to purchase seeds and other supplies. Both the diabetes educator and I donated plants that multiply easily, such as strawberries, from our own gardens.


Vaassen M.M.,Clarke University
Ostomy Wound Management | Year: 2015

A variety of conditions result in lower extremity edema, such as deep vein thrombosis, cellulitis, venous stasis insufficiency, and congestive heart failure (CHF). A case study is presented to illustrate the dynamics of the lymphatic system, the pathology of CHF, the importance of obtaining a pretreatment differential diagnosis, and how to implement a safe treatment plan. The patient was a 69-year-old overweight woman with bilateral lower extremity lymphedema of almost equal volume (∼9,100 mL) of >2 months duration. She had 11 draining wounds and a reported history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but no cardiac dysfunction. Treatment consisted of 6 sessions of manual lymph drainage (MLD), remedial exercises, and compression wrapping and weekly volumetric measurements over a period of 3 weeks. A 4-L decrease in lower extremity edema volume was noted, but fatigue and shortness of breath increased markedly. Treatment was discontinued and the patient was referred back to her physician for cardiac evaluation and treatment. The literature suggests patients, as well as health care professionals, do not always distinguish CHF symptoms from COPD. Proper assessment, monitoring, and lymphedema treatment adjustments are paramount to providing safe care for patients with signs and symptoms of COPD and suspected CHF. More research to elucidate best practice approaches in patients with lymphedema and concurrent CHF/COPD before the start of MLD treatment is warranted.


Bowman S.M.,State University of New York at Buffalo | Bowman S.M.,Clarke University | Patel M.,State University of New York at Buffalo | Patel M.,North Carolina State University | And 5 more authors.
BMC Plant Biology | Year: 2013

Background: Plants that utilize the highly efficient C4 pathway of photosynthesis typically possess kranz-type leaf anatomy that consists of two morphologically and functionally distinct photosynthetic cell types, the bundle sheath (BS) and mesophyll (M) cells. These two cell types differentially express many genes that are required for C4 capability and function. In mature C4 leaves, the plastidic rbcL gene, encoding the large subunit of the primary CO2 fixation enzyme Rubisco, is expressed specifically within BS cells. Numerous studies have demonstrated that BS-specific rbcL gene expression is regulated predominantly at post-transcriptional levels, through the control of translation and mRNA stability. The identification of regulatory factors associated with C4 patterns of rbcL gene expression has been an elusive goal for many years.Results: RLSB, encoded by the nuclear RLSB gene, is an S1-domain RNA binding protein purified from C4 chloroplasts based on its specific binding to plastid-encoded rbcL mRNA in vitro. Co-localized with LSU to chloroplasts, RLSB is highly conserved across many plant species. Most significantly, RLSB localizes specifically to leaf bundle sheath (BS) cells in C4 plants. Comparative analysis using maize (C4) and Arabidopsis (C3) reveals its tight association with rbcL gene expression in both plants. Reduced RLSB expression (through insertion mutation or RNA silencing, respectively) led to reductions in rbcL mRNA accumulation and LSU production. Additional developmental effects, such as virescent/yellow leaves, were likely associated with decreased photosynthetic function and disruption of associated signaling networks.Conclusions: Reductions in RLSB expression, due to insertion mutation or gene silencing, are strictly correlated with reductions in rbcL gene expression in both maize and Arabidopsis. In both plants, accumulation of rbcL mRNA as well as synthesis of LSU protein were affected. These findings suggest that specific accumulation and binding of the RLSB binding protein to rbcL mRNA within BS chloroplasts may be one determinant leading to the characteristic cell type-specific localization of Rubisco in C4 plants. Evolutionary modification of RLSB expression, from a C3 " default" state to BS cell-specificity, could represent one mechanism by which rbcL expression has become restricted to only one cell type in C4 plants. © 2013 Bowman et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Weltin A.M.,Clarke University | Lavin R.P.,Clarke University
Journal of Community Health Nursing | Year: 2012

A mixed-convergent parallell designed intervention study was created to learn whether a community garden could provide improved diabetes control for members of a Midwest community of immigrants from the Marshall Islands. Qualitative data gathered through field observations on cultural norms and beliefs, food perceptions, and barriers to health care corrobrorated data gained at medical appointments for diabetes follow-up. Marshallese clients from a local community health center were recruited to participate in a community garden. Persons who participated in a community garden had significant reduction in their HgA1c postintervention, compared to persons who did not participate actively. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Pollock E.C.,The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey | Symcox K.D.,University of Tulsa | Malapati S.,Clarke University
ACS Symposium Series | Year: 2013

Chemistry educators frequently seek to engage students through examples highlighting the relevance of chemistry in day-to-day life. Principles within the science of food offer a wide range of chemical links to a topic of interest to our students. This chapter describes a weeklong workshop sponsored by the NSF-funded Chemistry Collaborations, Workshops and Communities of Scholars (cCWCS). The workshop facilitates the inclusion of food chemistry in the classroom and provides an opportunity for professional development. As increasing numbers of educators seek to incorporate food examples in their courses, the community developing through this workshop may serve as a resource for instructors at other institutions. © 2013 American Chemical Society.


Malapati S.,Clarke University
ACS Symposium Series | Year: 2013

Food Chemistry was developed as an Honors course with a diversity component. Students first explored flavor, texture, nutrition, cooking methods and other traditional food chemistry topics. Students then used their knowledge to do small research projects in the chemistry laboratory and explored cuisine in the kitchen. Students experienced multiple ethnic cuisines and delved into the science behind how ingredients are used in different ways by different cultures. Each student group was responsible for one ethnic cuisine: from menu planning and ingredient sourcing, to cooking and serving, with an oral presentation that explored the nutritional and flavor profiles of the cuisine in general and the meal in particular and put them in a geographical and cultural context. In addition, students explored socioeconomic factors in cuisine by cooking in a chain restaurant and serving in a homeless kitchen. Honors students were thus able to integrate food chemistry into their liberal arts education. © 2013 American Chemical Society.


PubMed | Clarke University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of community health nursing | Year: 2012

A mixed-convergent parallell designed intervention study was created to learn whether a community garden could provide improved diabetes control for members of a Midwest community of immigrants from the Marshall Islands. Qualitative data gathered through field observations on cultural norms and beliefs, food perceptions, and barriers to health care corrobrorated data gained at medical appointments for diabetes follow-up. Marshallese clients from a local community health center were recruited to participate in a community garden. Persons who participated in a community garden had significant reduction in their HgA1c postintervention, compared to persons who did not participate actively.


PubMed | Charotar University of Science & Technology, Manipal University India, Clarke University and d Spring Physiotherapy Center
Type: | Journal: Topics in stroke rehabilitation | Year: 2016

In India, post-stroke outcomes are determined using functional outcome measures (FOMs), the contents of which have not been validated for their relevance to the Indian population. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the cultural validity of five frequently used stroke-specific FOMs by comparing their contents with the problems reported by patients with stroke in India.Face-to-face structured interviews were conducted with 152 patients diagnosed with stroke in India. Problems and goals identified by the patients were compared to each item included in the FOMs used in stroke rehabilitation.The Stroke Impact Scale (SIS) and the Frenchay Activities Index (FAI) include items related to the most frequently identified problems. However, neither covers problems related to the need for squatting and sitting on the floor. Use of public transport and community walking are not included in the SIS. Leisure and recreational activities (e.g. gardening, reading books), cognitive and speech functions (e.g. memory, thinking) and bowel and bladder dysfunctions were the common items identified as not a problem or not relevant by the patients.Our findings suggest that the SIS and FAI are the most appropriate FOMs for patients with stroke in India as they include items related to the majority of problems identified by study participants. Many items on both measures, however, were identified as not a problem or not relevant. There is a need for developing culture-specific FOMs that incorporate all major concerns expressed by patients with stroke in India.

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