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Ontario, CA, United States

Claremont Graduate University is a private, all-graduate research university located in Claremont, California, a city 35 miles east of downtown Los Angeles. Founded in 1925, CGU is a member of the Claremont Colleges which includes five undergraduate and two graduate institutions of higher education. Adjoining and within walking distance of one another , design was based on that of Oxford University and Cambridge University.CGU is the oldest all-graduate institution in the United States, with many notable alumni in different fields all over the world. The university is organized into five separate schools: the School of Arts & Humanities; School of Community & Global Health; Drucker School of Management; School of Educational Studies; and the School of Social Science, Policy, & Evaluation. Deborah Freund took office as University President in fall 2010. Wikipedia.

Marx A.J.,Claremont Graduate University
Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment | Year: 2016

The Syria conflict is characterized by ongoing human rights violations, a disregard for international law, and little fear of accountability. The Syrian government has repeatedly violated international law by employing punitive barrel-bomb and missile attacks and demolitions of neighborhoods accused of supporting opposition forces. Documentation efforts using high-resolution satellites have fallen short in this widespread and long-running conflict, providing poor precision for when attacks take place and reducing their evidential strength in International Courts. By capitalizing on the Landsat constellation's systematic observations and historic archive, we present an approach that examines affected areas as little as every eight days to identify when urban buildings are destroyed. Using a pre-conflict baseline of six years, we model the daily expected surface reflectance for every urban pixel in Aleppo and Damascus and compare pixels recorded during the first year of the conflict with this expected value. Leveraging high-resolution satellite documentation efforts, we create a composite band sensitive to urban destruction. This approach is accurate within 74% of the ground-reference dataset, providing the international community way forward to monitor and document urban destruction in arid environments. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Source

Smith D.G.,Claremont Graduate University
Academic Medicine | Year: 2012

Today, most agree that the health care system in the United States is in need of reform and that existing health disparities have huge implications for both that system and society as a whole. As a result, academic medicine has come to play a central role in addressing health disparities in a pluralistic society. Today, diversity is no longer a projection; it is a reality. Yet, most diversity efforts continue to run parallel to core institutional processes, rather than as part of the mission of the institution. Researchers agree that, to promote a healthy and vital society, leaders in academic medicine must create institutions that can serve diverse populations. To do so, they must first increase their institutional capacity for diversity. This article outlines the next generation of work on diversity and inclusion, drawing on a broad body of research and practice to identify some of the key elements for building the kind of institutional capacity necessary for sustained change in academic medicine, including a deeper engagement of mission, one that considers diversity as core to excellence; an inclusive and differentiated understanding of diversity institutionally; alignment and intentionality with respect to key institutional elements; key metrics associated with success and a serious process to monitor progress; and the identification of diverse talent for leadership at all levels. Source

Moore D.S.,Claremont Graduate University
Child Development Perspectives | Year: 2012

Sex differences in infants warrant attention, not because they clarify the extent to which such differences reflect nature or nurture, but because studying them is likely to illuminate the origins of sex differences later in life and thereby yield manipulations that could influence the development of important competences. It is not yet clear how male and female infants come to differ. Testosterone is influential, but because of the complexity of the developmental systems in which it operates, its effects are not straightforward: Testosterone does different things in different contexts. Simple explanations invoking hormone exposure should not be expected to satisfactorily answer questions about the origins of sex differences, but standardizing protocols to allow meaningful meta-analyses would help bring coherence to the research literature in this domain. © 2012 The Author. Child Development Perspectives © 2012 The Society for Research in Child Development. Source

Stacy A.W.,Claremont Graduate University | Wiers R.W.,University of Amsterdam
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology | Year: 2010

Research on implicit cognition and addiction has expanded greatly during the past decade. This research area provides new ways to understand why people engage in behaviors that they know are harmful or counterproductive in the long run. Implicit cognition takes a different view from traditional cognitive approaches to addiction by assuming that behavior is often not a result of a reflective decision that takes into account the pros and cons known by the individual. Instead of a cognitive algebra integrating many cognitions relevant to choice, implicit cognition assumes that the influential cognitions are the ones that are spontaneously activated during critical decision points. This selective review highlights many of the consistent findings supporting predictive effects of implicit cognition on substance use and abuse in adolescents and adults; reveals a recent integration with dual-process models; outlines the rapid evolution of different measurement tools; and introduces new routes for intervention. Copyright © 2010 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved. Source

Trinidad D.R.,Claremont Graduate University
American journal of public health | Year: 2011

We used nationally representative data to examine racial/ethnic disparities in smoking behaviors, smoking cessation, and factors associated with cessation among US adults. We analyzed data on adults aged 20 to 64 years from the 2003 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey, and we examined associations by fitting adjusted logistic regression models to the data. Compared with non-Hispanic Whites, smaller proportions of African Americans, Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics/Latinos had ever smoked. Significantly fewer African Americans reported long-term quitting. Racial/ethnic minorities were more likely to be light and intermittent smokers and less likely to smoke within 30 minutes of waking. Adjusted models revealed that racial/ethnic minorities were not less likely to receive advice from health professionals to quit smoking, but they were less likely to use nicotine replacement therapy. Specific needs and ideal program focuses for cessation may vary across racial/ethnic groups, such that approaches tailored by race/ethnicity might be optimal. Traditional conceptualizations of cigarette addiction and the quitting process may need to be revised for racial/ethnic minority smokers. Source

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