CKD Research Institute

Yongin, South Korea

CKD Research Institute

Yongin, South Korea
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Chae Y.-J.,CKD Research Institute | Lee K.-R.,Daewoong Life Science Research Institute | Lee J.-H.,Korea Institute of Toxicology | Lee W.,Seoul National University | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2017

The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of functional expression of the human organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (hOATP1B1) forms in the liver of the mouse. After the mouse received the gene of interest (i.e., luciferase as the reporter or hOATP1B1) via hydrodynamic gene delivery (HGD) method, the expression was found to be liver-specific while alterations in the serum biochemistry and hepatocyte histology were apparently transient and reversible. The reporter activity was also detected in the plasma, but not in the blood cell in mice that received HGD, suggesting that the protein is probably released due to transiently increased permeability in hepatocytes by HGD. Using this delivery condition, the expression of hOATP1B1 was readily detected in the liver, but not in other tissues, of the mice receiving HGD for the transporter gene. Compared with the sham control mice, the uptake of pravastatin into the liver increased significantly in mice receiving hOATP1B1 wild type; the uptake parameters decreased consistently in mice expressing the 521T>C variant compared with that of the wild type control. These observations suggest that the functional expression of human transporter gene in mice is feasible, further suggesting that this treatment is practically useful in the pharmacokinetic studies for hOATP1B1 substrates. © 2016


Pai J.,Yonsei University | Hyun S.,Seoul National University | Hyun J.Y.,Yonsei University | Park S.-H.,Yonsei University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2016

MicroRNA-155, one of the most potent miRNAs that suppress apoptosis in human cancer, is overexpressed in numerous cancers, and it displays oncogenic activity. Peptide microarrays, constructed by immobilizing 185 peptides containing the C-terminal hydrazide onto epoxide-derivatized glass slides, were employed to evaluate peptide binding properties of pre-miRNA-155 and to identify its binding peptides. Two peptides, which were identified based on the results of peptide microarray and in vitro Dicer inhibition studies, were found to inhibit generation of mature miRNA-155 catalyzed by Dicer and to enhance expression of miRNA-155 target genes in cells. In addition, the results of cell experiments indicate that peptide inhibitors promote apoptotic cell death via a caspase-dependent pathway. Finally, observations made in NMR and molecular modeling studies suggest that a peptide inhibitor preferentially binds to the upper bulge and apical stem-loop region of pre-miRNA-155, thereby suppressing Dicer-mediated miRNA-155 processing. © 2016 American Chemical Society.


Kim N.D.,Yonsei University | Kim N.D.,Equispharm Inc. | Park E.-S.,Konkuk University | Kim Y.H.,Equispharm Inc. | And 6 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2010

Microtubule cytoskeletons are involved in many essential functions throughout the life cycle of cells, including transport of materials into cells, cell movement, and proper progression of cell division. Small compounds that can bind at the colchicine site of tubulin have drawn great attention because these agents can suppress or inhibit microtubule dynamics and tubulin polymerization. To find novel tubulin polymerization inhibitors as anti-mitotic agents, we performed a virtual screening study of the colchicine binding site on tubulin. Novel tubulin inhibitors were identified and characterized by their inhibitory activities on tubulin polymerization in vitro. The structural basis for the interaction of novel inhibitors with tubulin was investigated by molecular modeling, and we have proposed binding models for these hit compounds with tubulin. The proposed docking models were very similar to the binding pattern of colchicine or podophyllotoxin with tubulin. These new hit compound derivatives exerted growth inhibitory effects on the HL60 cell lines tested and exhibited strong cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. Furthermore, these compounds induced apoptosis after cell cycle arrest. In this study, we show that the validated derivatives of compound 11 could serve as potent lead compounds for designing novel anti-cancer agents that target microtubules. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Lee K.H.,CKD Research Institute | Yoon W.H.,Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Natural Product Sciences | Year: 2012

Xanthohumol was isolated from hops {Humulus lupulus L.), and then investigated anti-oxidant effect by AAPH-induced LLC-PK1 cell and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORCA) assays and MMP-12 inhibitory effect by direct MMP-12 inhibition assay. The treatment of xanthohumol protected LLC-PK1 cells from AAPH-induced cell damage such as cell viability, SOD and GSH-px reduction in a dose dependant manner (0.1, 1, and 5 μM), the SOD value was 2.98, 4.51, and 5.77 U/mg protein, and GSH-px value was 30.12, 49.32, and 60.11 U/mg protein. ORAC value of xanthohumol was showed as 4320, 12004, and 14209 μM TE/g at the concentration 0.1, 1, and 5 μM, respectively. The change of SOD and GSH-px values was significantly correlated with the results of ORAC assay, that is, AAPH-induced cell and ORCA assays. In addition, inhibition of MMP-12 that is known to play an important role in skin aging was 14%, 37%, 46%, and 79% at the concentration of 0.01, 0.1, 1, and 5 μM. respectively. On the basis of these results, xanthohumol from hops {Humulus lupulus L.) showed interesting biological and pharmacological activity such as anti-oxidant effect and anti-aging.


Oh Y.J.,Yonsei University | Youn J.H.,Yonsei University | Min H.J.,Yonsei University | Kim D.-H.,CKD Research Institute | And 3 more authors.
International Immunopharmacology | Year: 2011

CKD712, (S)-1-(α-naphthylmethyl)-6,7-dihydroxy-1,2,3,4- tetrahydroisoquinoline, was considered as a new effective drug candidate to sepsis, based on its anti-inflammatory activity. It was reported that CKD712 inhibited various signal pathways which play a key role in production of proinflammatory cytokines. Here, we examined the effect of CKD712 on the secretion of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), which is one of the proinflammatory cytokines. CKD712 can reduce Gram-negative lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and Gram-positive lipoteichoic acid (LTA)-stimulated HMGB1 secretion in RAW264.7 and human peripheral blood monocytes (PBMo), and also reduce LPS-induced nucleocytoplasmic translocation of HMGB1 1 h before or after LPS treatment. CKD712 could dose-dependently inhibit the activation of PI3K and PI3K-dependent kinase 1 (PDK1), which are involved in HMGB1 secretion signaling pathway. In addition, CKD712 inhibited classical protein kinase C (cPKC), the effective kinase for phosphorylation of HMGB1 for secretion, however, had no effect on histone acetyl-transferase activity, which is another mechanism known for HMGB1 secretion. Thus, we suggest that CKD712 could inhibit LPS- and LTA-stimulated HMGB1 secretion through the inhibition of HMGB1 phosphorylation by inhibiting PI3K-PKC signaling pathway. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Kim J.W.,Inje University | Kim J.W.,CKD Research Institute | Ryu S.H.,Dankook University | Kim S.,Pusan National University | And 5 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2013

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is currently an increasingly relevant health issue. However, available biomarkers do not reliably detect or quantify DILI risk. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to comparatively evaluate plasma and urinary biomarkers obtained from humans treated with acetaminophen (APAP) using a metabolomics approach and a proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) platform. APAP (3 g/day, two 500 mg tablets every 8 h) was administered to 20 healthy Korean males (age, 20-29 years) for 7 days. Urine was collected daily before and during dosing and 6 days after the final dose. NMR spectra of these urine samples were analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least-squares-discrimination analysis. Although the activities of aspartate aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase were significantly increased 7 days post-APAP treatment, serum biochemical parameters of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, and lactate dehydrogenase were within normal range of hepatic function. However, urine and plasma 1H NMR spectroscopy revealed different clustering between predosing and after APAP treatment for global metabolomic profiling through PCA. Urinary endogenous metabolites of trimethylamine-N-oxide, citrate, 3-chlorotyrosine, phenylalanine, glycine, hippurate, and glutarate as well as plasma endogenous metabolites such as lactate, glucose, 3-hydroxyisovalerate, isoleucine, acetylglycine, acetone, acetate, glutamine, ethanol, and isobutyrate responded significantly to APAP dosing in humans. Urinary and plasma endogenous metabolites were more sensitive than serum biochemical parameters. These results might be applied to predict or screen potential hepatotoxicity caused by other drugs using urinary and plasma 1H NMR analyses. © 2013 American Chemical Society.


PubMed | South Korea National institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, CTC Bio Inc., CKD Research Institute and Dankook University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Toxicological research | Year: 2014

Hypertension is a serious health problem due to high frequency and concomitant other diseases including cardiovascular and renal dysfunction. Olmesartan cilexetil is a new antihypertensive drug associated with angiotensin II receptor antagonist. This study was conducted to evaluate the mutagenicity of olmesartan cilexetil by bacterial reverse mutation test using Salmonella typhimurium (TA100, TA1535, TA98, and TA1537) and Escherichia coli (WP2 uvrA). At the concentrations of 0, 62, 185, 556, 1667, and 5000 g/ plate, olmesartan cilexetil was negative in both Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli regardless of presence or absence of metabolic activation system (S9 mix). These results demonstrate that olmesartan cilexetil does not induce bacterial reverse mutation.


PubMed | Korea Institute of Toxicology, Gachon University, Daewoong Life Science Research Institute, CKD Research Institute and Seoul National University
Type: | Journal: European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2016

The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of functional expression of the human organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (hOATP1B1) forms in the liver of the mouse. After the mouse received the gene of interest (i.e., luciferase as the reporter or hOATP1B1) via hydrodynamic gene delivery (HGD) method, the expression was found to be liver-specific while alterations in the serum biochemistry and hepatocyte histology were apparently transient and reversible. The reporter activity was also detected in the plasma, but not in the blood cell in mice that received HGD, suggesting that the protein is probably released due to transiently increased permeability in hepatocytes by HGD. Using this delivery condition, the expression of hOATP1B1 was readily detected in the liver, but not in other tissues, of the mice receiving HGD for the transporter gene. Compared with the sham control mice, the uptake of pravastatin into the liver increased significantly in mice receiving hOATP1B1 wild type; the uptake parameters decreased consistently in mice expressing the 521T>C variant compared with that of the wild type control. These observations suggest that the functional expression of human transporter gene in mice is feasible, further suggesting that this treatment is practically useful in the pharmacokinetic studies for hOATP1B1 substrates.


PubMed | CKD Research Institute and Seoul National University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecules and cells | Year: 2016

To generate a biobetter that has improved therapeutic activity, we constructed scFv libraries via random mutagenesis of several residues of CDR-H3 and -L3 of hu4D5. The scFv clones were isolated from the phage display libraries by stringent panning, and their anti-proliferative activity against HER2-positive cancer cells was evaluated as a primary selection criterion. Consequently, we selected AH06 as a biobetter antibody that had a 7.2-fold increase in anti-proliferative activity (IC50: 0.81 nM) against the gastric cancer cell line NCI-N87 and a 7.4-fold increase in binding affinity (KD: 60 pM) to HER2 compared to hu4D5. The binding energy calculation and molecular modeling suggest that the substitution of residues of CDR-H3 to W98, F100c, A101 and L102 could stabilize binding of the antibody to HER2 and there could be direct hydrophobic interactions between the aromatic ring of W98 and the aliphatic group of I613 within HER2 domain IV as well as the heavy and light chain hydrophobic interactions by residues F100c, A101 and L102 of CDR-H3. Therefore, we speculate that two such interactions were exerted by the residues W98 and F100c. A101 and L102 may have a synergistic effect on the increase in the binding affinity to HER2. AH06 specifically binds to domain IV of HER2, and it decreased the phosphorylation level of HER2 and AKT. Above all, it highly increased the overall level of p27 compared to hu4D5 in the gastric cancer cell line NCI-N82, suggesting that AH06 could potentially be a more efficient therapeutic agent than hu4D5.


PubMed | Yonsei University, CKD Research Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology and Seoul National University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2016

MicroRNA-155, one of the most potent miRNAs that suppress apoptosis in human cancer, is overexpressed in numerous cancers, and it displays oncogenic activity. Peptide microarrays, constructed by immobilizing 185 peptides containing the C-terminal hydrazide onto epoxide-derivatized glass slides, were employed to evaluate peptide binding properties of pre-miRNA-155 and to identify its binding peptides. Two peptides, which were identified based on the results of peptide microarray and in vitro Dicer inhibition studies, were found to inhibit generation of mature miRNA-155 catalyzed by Dicer and to enhance expression of miRNA-155 target genes in cells. In addition, the results of cell experiments indicate that peptide inhibitors promote apoptotic cell death via a caspase-dependent pathway. Finally, observations made in NMR and molecular modeling studies suggest that a peptide inhibitor preferentially binds to the upper bulge and apical stem-loop region of pre-miRNA-155, thereby suppressing Dicer-mediated miRNA-155 processing.

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