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Reeves N.,CIWEM
Water and Environment Magazine | Year: 2011

Business leaders are criticizing the Tory-led government in Bolivia for its commitment to halving carbon dioxide emissions by 2025 and bringing out a law in this regard. Business leaders feel it will stall growth and will not promote green revolution. In Cabinet, Osborne, Pickles and Cable have lined up against Chris Huhne and the ideologically-driven shrinking state agenda is set to banish hard-won environmental regulation. Bolivia has been panned by Britain and the US in the UN climate change talks for demanding tougher carbon emissions cuts. It now risks skepticism and ridicule as it is set to pass the world's first laws granting nature equal rights with humans. Existing laws have been unable to tackle degradation head on and it is hoped that the mother earth laws will. Radical measures, transparency and regulation at a local, regional and national level offer greater hope for the future.


Hoy R.,CIWEM
Water and Environment Magazine | Year: 2011

Robert Hoy highlights the benefits of water harvesting, sharing his experience of being part of a project at Gashirabwoba. The standard layout of a household scale rainwater harvesting system includes a 210 liter plastic tank, guttering made from corrugated roof sheets and hoppers from jerry cans. His first large scale project was completed successfully in 2009 for the Jill Barham secondary School at Kamembe for about 700 pupils, mostly boarders. Ninety-five cubic meters of storage was provided in five cubic meter and ten cubic meter plastic tanks. The project design took into account the rainfall, contributing roof area and demand. Periodic maintenance includes greasing the piston seal with grease stored in a built-in container, seal replacement by a new seal stored on the piston rod, and chemical washing with chlorine tablets stored on the unit.


Grant L.,CIWEM
Water and Environment Magazine | Year: 2010

The UK government urgently needs to change its policies to avoid the loss of green infrastructure services to the encroachment of urban sprawl. The UK population has been growing at its fastest rate since the 1960s, and now stands at more than 61 million. The areas highlighted by the current government for housing growth correlate closely with those that are at significant risk from fluvial flooding and coastal erosion and also areas that the Environment Agency has classed as being significantly water stressed. Due to the current hierarchy of housing targets, planning officers are unable to use their discretion and instead have to increase density in excess of the appropriateness of the development. The loss of private gardens through backland development and the paving of existing front gardens are other contributing factors to the loss of green space. Private gardens are a valuable resource for urban drainage and biodiversity.


Cooper J.,CIWEM
Water and Environment Magazine | Year: 2010

Natural Ecosystems offer long term benefits in helping mitigation and adaptation to climate change, acting as a life support system, in addition to improving well being. A failure to act on deforestation could double the cost of avoiding dangerous climate change to 2030 and will lead to greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere exceeding safe levels, even if industrial emissions are reduced to zero. It may have been argued that the most positive outcome of the negotiations was the progress made towards REDD. A key feature of Copenhagen was the representation of indigenous groups at the negotiations. At the domestic level, the government must act decisively and swiftly. Consumption in the UK is a major driver of deforestation and areas of policy, such as the Renewable Transport Fuels Obligation, could contribute further. A sustainability criterion for all biofuels should be introduced and the importing of illegal timber banned.


Cooper J.,CIWEM
Water and Environment Magazine | Year: 2010

The Yasuni Green Gold Campaign has been championing the needs of the Park for several years internationally. The new legislation stipulates that the first 25 per cent of gross income from oil sales must go to the state. Ecuador relies on the oil and gas sector for its main source of income. National policies can now be enforced in light of resistance from foreign companies. The money will be administered via a trust fund established by the UN Development Program and is about half of what Ecuador would make by selling the oil. The move was welcomed warmly by the indigenous tribes under threat of relocation and will ensure the protection of this important habitat. The Ecuadorean government says keeping the oil in the ground will prevent more than 400 million tons of carbon dioxide from going into the atmosphere.


Cooper J.,CIWEM
Water and Environment Magazine | Year: 2010

The Conservative/Liberal Democrat coalition has set out a power sharing deal including Liberal Democrat cabinet seats and ministerial posts and is experiencing a 'honeymoon period' with strong public backing. A referendum on the introduction of voting reform to an alternative vote system has been promised. Candidates will continue to be elected via single member constituencies, with a further 20 per cent chosen from regional lists. Putting the coalition and political reform to one side, the 2010 election will also be memorable for the victims of the expenses scandal - 149 MPs did not contest the election, 226 new faces have now arrived in Westminster, including a rise in ethnic minorities and female MPs. Despite several invitations the Conservatives chose not to be represented. Following a lively debate the panelists were inundated with questions from a packed audience, some of whom changed their voting intentions as a result.

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