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Senegal, United Kingdom

Kniveton D.,University of Sussex | Visman E.,Kings College London | Tall A.,Agriculture and Food Security | Diop M.,Civil Aviation and Meteorology | And 2 more authors.
Disasters | Year: 2015

While climate science has made great progress in the projection of weather and climate information, its uptake by local communities remains largely elusive. This paper describes two innovative approaches that strengthen understanding between the providers and users of weather and climate information and support-appropriate application: (1) knowledge timelines, which compare different sources and levels of certainty in community and scientific weather and climate information; and (2) participatory downscaling, which supports users to translate national and regional information into a range of outcomes at the local level. Results from piloting these approaches among flood-prone communities in Senegal and drought-prone farmers in Kenya highlight the importance of co-producing 'user-useful' climate information. Recognising that disaster risk management actions draw on a wide range of knowledge sources, climate information that can effectively support community-based decision-making needs to be integrated with local knowledge systems and based on an appreciation of the inherent uncertainty of weather and climate information. © Overseas Development Institute, 2014.

Abdul-Wahab S.A.,Sultan Qaboos University | Al-Hinai H.,Sultan Qaboos University | Al-Najar K.A.,Civil Aviation and Meteorology | Al-Kalbani M.S.,Sultan Qaboos University
Water International | Year: 2010

Data on fog and rainwater collection were collected by building large residential-type fog collectors at a selected house located in the mountainous region of the Dhofar area, in the southern part of the Sultanate of Oman, during the monsoon season between 4 July 2006 and 3 September 2006. Three different types of screen material were tested: aluminium shade mesh, green plastic shade mesh and aluminium solid plate. The aluminium shade mesh collected by far the most water, followed by the green plastic shade mesh. The total collection of the aluminium solid plate was relatively insignificant. © 2010 International Water Resources Association.

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