Wesstrom J.,Uppsala University |
Wesstrom J.,Center for Clinical Research Dalarna |
Skalkidou A.,Uppsala University |
Manconi M.,Civic Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine | Year: 2014
Objectives: Both restless legs syndrome ([RLS], also known as Willis-Ekbom Disease [WED]) and depression are common during pregnancy. However, no prior studies have assessed if pregnant women with RLS have an elevated risk of depression during and/or after pregnancy. Methods: 1,428 women who were pregnant in gestational week 16-17 were asked to participate in a longitudinal survey. They were followed by web-based questionnaires in gestational week 17 and 32, and 6 weeks after delivery. Data were also retrieved from prenatal and birth records. Two different sets of criteria were used to examine the prevalence of RLS in the cohort (International Restless Legs Syndrome Society Group standard criteria and the later developed CH-RLSQ11 questionnaire). The latter questionnaire attempts to exclude those with common "mimics" of RLS. Results: Adjusted odds ratio for depression in gestational week 17, 32, and postpartum week 6 in relation to pre-pregnancy RLS onset and moderate to severe symptom severity were 4.74 (2.30-9.76), 3.67 (1.85-7.28), and 2.58 (1.28-5.21), respectively. No significant associations were seen in pregnant women with de novo RLS during pregnancy. When using the standard diagnostic RLS criteria and frequency of symptoms more than 2-3 days per week, the prevalence of RLS was 12.3%. With the CH-RLSQ11 questionnaire and the same threshold for frequency of symptoms the prevalence was 6.5%. Conclusion: Women with RLS onset before pregnancy with moderate or severe symptoms had an increased risk of both antenatal and postnatal depression. The self-reported prevalence of RLS during pregnancy is lower when a questionnaire dealing with "mimics" is used.
Manconi M.,Civic Hospital |
Ulfberg J.,Uppsala University |
Berger K.,University of Munster |
Ghorayeb I.,University of Bordeaux 1 |
And 4 more authors.
Sleep Medicine Reviews | Year: 2012
Sleep is an essential human behavior that shows prominent gender differences. Disturbed sleep, in particular, is much more prevalent in females than males. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) as one cause of disturbed sleep was observed to be somewhat more common among women than men in Ekbom's 1945 seminal series of clinical cases with the disease. He, however, reported this gender difference mainly for those with more severe symptoms. Since then numerous studies have reported that women are affected by RLS about twice as often as males for mild as well as moderate to severe RLS. The present review focuses on RLS in females from the perspectives of both epidemiology and pathophysiology. RLS will generally become worse or might appear for the first time during pregnancy. Parity increases the risk of RLS later in life suggesting that pregnancy is a specific behavioral risk factor for developing RLS. Some evidence suggests that dysfunction in iron metabolism and high estrogen levels might contribute to RLS during pregnancy. But, menopause does not lower the incidence of RLS nor does hormone replacement therapy lead to an increase, suggesting a quite complex uncertain role of hormones in the pathophysiology of RLS. Therefore, further, preferably longitudinal studies are needed to unravel the factors causing RLS in women. These studies should include genetic, clinical and polysomnographic variables, as well as hormonal measures and variables assessing iron metabolism. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Bizzaro N.,S Antonio Hospital |
Bizzaro N.,Laboratory of Clinical Pathology |
Tozzoli R.,Civic Hospital |
Villalta D.,S Maria Degli Angeli Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2012
Celiac disease (CD) is a gluten-dependent immune-mediated disease with a prevalence in the general population estimated between 0.3% and 1.2%. Large-scale epidemiological studies have shown that only 10-20% of cases of CD are identified on the basis of clinical findings and that laboratory tests are crucial to identify subjects with subtle or atypical symptoms. The correct choice and clinical use of these diagnostic tools may enable accurate diagnosis and early recognition of silent CD cases. In this review, we have considered some relevant aspects related to the laboratory diagnosis of CD and, more extensively, of gluten intolerance, such as the best combination of tests for early and accurate diagnosis, the diagnostic role of new tests for detecting antibodies against neoepitopes produced by the transglutaminase-gliadin complex, the forms of non-celiac gluten intolerance (gluten sensitivity), and the use and significance of measuring cytokines in CD. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010.
Citro R.,University of Insubria |
Citro R.,University of Salerno |
Rigo F.,DellAngelo Hospital |
D'Andrea A.,The Second University of Naples |
And 12 more authors.
JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging | Year: 2014
Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine clinical and echocardiographic correlates of acute heart failure, cardiogenic shock and in-hospital mortality in a large cohort of tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) patients. Background Despite good long-term prognosis, life-threatening complications due to hemodynamic instability can occur early in TTC patients. Methods The study population consisted of 227 patients (66.2 ± 12.2 years of age; females, 90.3%) enrolled in the Tako-tsubo Italian Network, undergoing transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiography on admission and at short-term follow-up (4.3 [4 to 6] weeks). Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of major adverse events, a composite of acute heart failure, cardiogenic shock, and in-hospital mortality. Results Major adverse events occurred in 59 patients (25.9%). The variables for elderly patients ≥75 years of age (42.4% vs. 23.8%; p = 0.011): left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (35.1 ± 5.9% vs. 38.4 ± 4.6%, p < 0.001), wall motion score index (1.9 ± 0.2 vs. 1.7 ± 0.2, p < 0.001), E/e′ ratio (13.5 ± 4.3 vs. 9.9 ± 3.3 [where E/e′ is ratio of mitral E peak velocity and averaged e′ velocity], p < 0.001), LV outflow tract obstruction (23.7 vs. 8.9%, p = 0.006), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (47.4 ± 12.3 mm Hg vs. 38.0 ± 9.2 mm Hg; p < 0.001), right ventricular involvement (28.8 vs. 9.5%; p < 0.001), and reversible moderate-to-severe mitral regurgitation (49.1 vs. 11.9%; p < 0.001), were significantly different between groups and were associated with adverse events. At multivariate analysis, LV ejection fraction (HR: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.89 to 0.95; p < 0.001), E/e′ ratio (HR: 1.13; 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.24; p = 0.011), reversible moderate to severe mitral regurgitation (HR: 3.25; 95% CI: 1.16 to 9.10; p = 0.025), and age ≥75 years (HR: 2.81; 95% CI: 1.05 to 7.52; p = 0.039) were independent correlates of major adverse events. Conclusions Echocardiographic parameters provide additional information compared to other variables routinely used in clinical practice to identify patients at higher risk of hemodynamic deterioration and poor in-hospital outcome, allowing prompt institution of appropriate pharmacological treatment and adequate mechanical support.
Mariscalco G.,University of Insubria |
Lorusso R.,Civic Hospital |
Dominici C.,University of Insubria |
Renzulli A.,University of Catanzaro |
Sala A.,University of Insubria
Annals of Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2011
Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in as many as 40% of patients after cardiac surgery and requires dialysis in 1% of cases. Acute kidney injury is associated with an increased risk of mortality and morbidity, predisposes patients to a longer hospitalization, requires additional treatments, and increases the hospital costs. Acute kidney injury is characterized by a progressive worsening course, being the consequence of an interplay of different pathophysiologic mechanisms, with patient-related factors and cardiopulmonary bypass as major causes. Recently, several novel biomarkers have emerged, showing reasonable sensitivity and specificity for AKI prediction and protection. The development and implementation of potentially protective therapies for AKI remains essential, especially for the relevant impact of AKI on early and late survival. © 2011 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.
Reato S.,Civic Hospital |
Sparta S.,Civic Hospital |
D'Este D.,Civic Hospital
Journal of cardiovascular medicine (Hagerstown, Md.) | Year: 2015
We present the case of a 36-year-old male patient with MELAS (mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes) who developed intraventricular conduction disturbances and syncopal episodes due to a paroxysmal atrioventricular block. This case suggests that in MELAS, as well as in other mithochondriopathies, intraventricular conduction disturbances and atrioventricular block can be features of the disease. In our case, progression toward atrioventricular block was rapid, suggesting that in MELAS patients presenting with worsening conduction system anomalies, pacemaker implantation has to be considered without delay, irrespective of age.
Navarese E.P.,University of Piemonte Orientale |
De Servi S.,Civic Hospital |
Buffon A.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart |
Suryapranata H.,De Weezenlanden Hospital |
De Luca G.,University of Piemonte Orientale
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis | Year: 2011
Primary Percutaneous Intervention (PCI) is the treatment of choice for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Nearly half of STEMI patients have multivessel (MV) disease that has been associated with worse survival. However, current guidelines recommend to treat only the culprit artery (COR) during the acute procedure. Thus, the aim of the current study was to perform a meta-analysis of trials comparing MV PCI vs. COR for STEMI patients with MV disease. Medline/CENTRAL and Web were searched for comparative studies (both randomized and non randomized trials) about MV PCI vs. COR for STEMI patients reporting mortality, re-PCI and re-MI data. Primary endpoint was 30-day mortality. The meta-analysis included 10 studies (2 randomized and 8 registries; N = 31224). As compared with COR, MV PCI significantly reduced long term rate of re-PCI (OR [95% CI] = 0.47 [0.28-0.78], P = 0.003) without increasing 30-day mortality (OR [95% CI] = 1.30 [0.79-2.12], P = 0.31) and long term re-MI (OR [95% CI] = 0.94 [0.43-2.06], P = 0.88). This meta-analysis showed safety and efficacy of MV PCI approach as compared with COR, with a significant reduction in rate of revascularizations, but no advantages in death and re-MI. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Baratella M.C.,Civic Hospital |
Calamelli S.,Civic Hospital |
D'Este D.,Civic Hospital
Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine | Year: 2011
We present the case of a 67-year-old man with a carcinoma of the lung and a metastatic tumor of the heart. The diagnosis was made on the basis of echocardiogram. In this patient, the first and unique cardiac symptom was irreversible sustained ventricular arrhythmia leading to death. © 2011 Italian Federation of Cardiology.
Brighina F.,University of Palermo |
Palermo A.,University of Palermo |
Daniele O.,University of Palermo |
Aloisio A.,Civic Hospital |
Fierro B.,University of Palermo
Cephalalgia | Year: 2010
We showed reduced motor intracortical inhibition (ICI) and paradoxical increase of intracortical facilitation (ICF) to 1 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients affected by migraine with aura (MA). In conditions of enhanced excitability due to a reduced inhibition, high-frequency rTMS was found to potentiate intracortical inhibition. Here we explored the conditioning effects of high-frequency priming stimulation of motor cortex with the aim of normalizing excitability reverting paradoxical facilitation by 1 Hz rTMS in MA. Nine patients with MA and nine healthy controls underwent a paired-pulse TMS paradigm to evaluate motor intracortical excitability (ICI and ICF) before and after the following rTMS conditions: 1 Hz alone or preceded by a real or sham conditioning high-frequency (10 Hz) rTMS. Sham was used to control for rTMS specificity. In baseline, ICI was significantly lower in migraineurs with respect to controls. One hertz stimulation reduced motor evoked potential amplitude and ICF in healthy controls, while it caused a significant paradoxical ICF increase in migraineurs. High-frequency rTMS conditioning normalized excitability in migraine, increasing short ICI and so reversing the paradoxical effects of 1 Hz rTMS. These findings raise the possibility that the interictal reduced intracortical inhibition in migraine could be normalized by high-frequency rTMS. This would open perspectives for new treatment strategies in migraine prevention. © International Headache Society 2009.
Bizzaro N.,San Antonio Hospital |
Antico A.,Civic Hospital
Autoimmunity Reviews | Year: 2014
Pernicious anemia (PA) is a complex disorder consisting of hematological, gastric and immunological alterations. Diagnosis of PA relies on histologically proven atrophic body gastritis, peripheral blood examination showing megaloblastic anemia with hypersegmented neutrophils, cobalamin deficiency and antibodies to intrinsic factor and to gastric parietal cells. Anti-parietal cell antibodies are found in 90% of patients with PA, but have low specificity and are seen in atrophic gastritis without megaloblastic anemia as well as in various autoimmune disorders. Anti-intrinsic factor antibodies are less sensitive, being found in only 60% of patients with PA, but are considered highly specific for PA. The incidence of PA increases with age and is rare in persons younger than 30. years of age. The highest prevalence is seen in Northern Europeans, especially those in the United Kingdom and Scandinavia, although PA has been reported in virtually every ethnic group. Because of the complexity of the diagnosis, PA prevalence is probably underestimated and no reliable data are available on the risk of gastric cancer as the end-stage evolution of atrophic gastritis in these patients. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.