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London, Canada

King G.,Bloorview Research Institute | Zwaigenbaum L.,Glenrose Rehabilitation Hospital | Baxter D.,City of London | Rosenbaum P.,McMaster University
Child: Care, Health and Development | Year: 2012

Background Much is known about the hardships associated with parenting a child with a disability, but few studies have examined the broader contributions of the child to family life or society. Methods The study involved qualitative analysis of interviews with 16 families of children with autism spectrum disorder or Down syndrome at critical transition periods (entry to elementary or high school), targeting their perceptions of benefits. Results Parents discussed a wide range of benefits beyond the personal level, including parental, family and societal benefits. Exploratory group comparisons indicated that parents of high school-aged children were more likely to mention family-level and societal benefits. Conclusions The findings suggest that raising a child with a disability can trigger role-related decisions that lead to a series of resiliency-related processes and cascading benefits. The findings inform practitioners about the nature of potential positive experiences that can be shared with families starting out on their journey, allowing parents to recognize the positive dimensions of raising a child with a disability in addition to the hardships. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Shahata K.,City of London | Zayed T.,Concordia University at Montreal
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management | Year: 2016

Decision-makers frequently argue that municipal infrastructure is at risk. Given the current state of risk for infrastructure, municipalities face challenging decisions to plan the integrated repair/renewal of road, water, and sewer (RWS) networks. The research presented in this article identifies a methodology and framework that facilitates decision-making processes used during corridor rehabilitation project planning. A risk-based decision-making approach is developed to aid integrating repair/renewal of RWS assets. The risk model was developed using a mixed Delphi-Analytical Hierarchy Process approach. The impacts of four main consequences of failure with eighteen subfactors were considered. The RWS networks indices were amalgamated and grouped into an overall integrated risk index using K-means Clustering technique. Data provided by the City of Guelph was used in a case study in order to demonstrate the model features. Results show that pipe/road size and accessibility factors had the highest impact on the integrated risk index. The developed models can be used by researchers and practitioners (municipal engineers and consultants) to prioritize corridor rehabilitation projects thereby easing the challenge faced by stakeholders regarding the future of municipal infrastructure. © 2015 American Society of Civil Engineers. Source

News Article
Site: http://phys.org/technology-news/

Rather than welcoming the cash—equivalent to around five percent of its gross domestic product—the government has vowed to appeal the ruling, fearing an ever greatest cost to its economy and jobs. Finance Minister Michael Noonan said he disagreed "profoundly" with Brussels while Apple chief Tim Cook warned the ruling threatened jobs and investment in Europe. Cook said Apple, the world's most valuable company, was now in the "unusual position" of being asked to pay taxes to a government that says they are not due. But opposition politicians urged Ireland, which has suffered years of austerity following a painful recession during the eurozone, to take the Silicon Valley giant's cash. "EUR13bn Apple Tax could build 86,000 council houses. Shelter for Apple but none for the homeless," tweeted left-wing opposition politician Richard Boyd Barrett. More than seven out of 10 people in a national radio poll also thought that Dublin should take the money, piling pressure on the government. But Ireland has to weigh up the cash windfall against the potentially more long-term damage the ruling could do to its image as a low-tax place to do business. Multinationals with major operations in Ireland now employ more than 170,000 people—one in ten workers—and the corporate tax rate of 12.5 percent is one of the lowest in Europe. This corporate tax regime has been one of the cornerstones of its strategy for attracting inward investment and it has been spectacularly successful in doing so in recent years. With 5,000 workers and another 1,000 promised, Apple is the single biggest employer in Cork, Ireland's second-biggest city, and one of several US tech giants with their European hubs in Ireland. Although the case pertains solely to Apple, the tax practices of other Dublin-headquartered multinationals such as Google and Facebook have been heavily criticised internationally in recent years. On revenues of 12.4 billion euros in 2011, Google paid just 22 million euros in taxes in Ireland. Irish MEP Brian Hayes said he feared the ruling could damage Ireland's future ability to attract investment, although it will likely be welcomed in many European capitals, particularly in Paris. The Irish corporate tax rate has been widely criticised by Ireland's EU partners, while France is a leading critic of a race-to-the-bottom among EU member states to cut tax and social conditions to attract foreign investment. "I have no doubt this will cause significant reputational damage to the country and that is why the government must appeal this decision," Irish MEP Hayes told national broadcaster RTE. Investment house AJ Bell said in a note that the decision "could deter fresh investment by leading corporations, to the potential detriment of employment and income tax contributions". Apple was quick to point out that it invested in Ireland when the country was struggling economically. Cook noted that the company had opened its first facility in Cork in southwest Ireland in 1980 at a time when the area was beset by "high unemployment and extremely low economic investments". "Apple's leaders saw a community rich with talent and one they believed could accommodate growth if the company was fortunate enough to succeed," he said. "As our business has grown over the years, we have become the largest taxpayer in Ireland, the largest taxpayer in the United States, and the largest taxpayer in the world," he wrote. Meanwhile, one trader said that Britain, which voted to leave the EU in June, could end up being the beneficiary. "If Ireland cannot offer sweetheart deals within the EU, the City of London can perhaps offer something more appealing outside the bloc," said Neil Wilson from currency trader ETX Capital. Explore further: EU rejects US concerns of bias in company tax investigations

News Article | September 8, 2016
Site: http://motherboard.vice.com/

Law enforcement bodies in the UK “need to up their game” when taking leads on cybercrime from internet service providers (ISPs), according to the Internet Service Providers Association (ISPA), which published a report this week. The report comes as the country's National Crime Agency (NCA) is trying to get more intelligence from ISPs, and as the controversial Investigatory Powers Bill, which will force ISPs to store all citizens' browsing data, heads toward becoming law. The report surveyed ISPA members, including Aol, Gigaclear, and BSkyB. Out of the 83 percent of ISPA members who said they had reported a cyberattack to the authorities, 50 percent said the reports were occasionally followed up on, while 30 percent claimed that there was no interest or follow up. Twenty percent said that their complaints are “usually followed up and investigated.” James Blessing, chair of the ISPA, thinks there is one main reason why law enforcement aren’t reliably following up on leads. “Resources. Pure and simple,” he told Motherboard in a phone call. ISPs face all sorts of attacks, such as DDoS attacks or hacks of individual customers, Blessing explained. Some of these might be daily, others might occur even more frequently. An ISP typically might not report every attack, and instead only complain about more serious things, such as a compromised server on its network. When that happens, it is the ISP that has the information that law enforcement needs. “The next step in the investigation would be somebody in the [law enforcement] technical team turning up and saying, ‘What log files have you got, what information have you got for me, what information do you have available that can help me investigate this crime?’ And, silence,” Blessing said. Read more: UK Crime Agency Seeks Whatever Intel It Can Get From Internet Service Providers According to its website, the ISPA includes over 130 members. The report neither names the ISPs that responded to its survey nor states how many replied in total. “Those that responded are more likely to have an active interest in cyber security and so there is likely to be a degree of self-selection,” the report notes. The ISPA report placed an emphasis on law enforcement training, with 83 percent of respondents asking for it to be prioritised. A spokesperson for the NCA told Motherboard in an email that, “Our National Cyber Crime Unit works closely with ISPs in responding to cyber attacks and proactively targeting the most significant cyber crime threats to the UK. Our recent Cyber Crime Assessment stated that there is more that law enforcement, government and industry including ISPs need to do collectively to reduce vulnerabilities and prevent crime.” The City of London Police, which handles the Action Fraud anti-cybercrime project—and which the NCA referred Motherboard to—did not provide comment in time for publication. In July, Motherboard reported that the NCA was seeking a wide range of additional intelligence from ISPs, such as IP addresses, subscriber information, and internet usage data, but ISPs complained that exactly what they wanted to collect had been left largely open-ended. As more crime is carried out online, ISPs and law enforcement may need to work together more closely. Want more Motherboard in your life? Then sign up for our newsletter.

News Article
Site: http://phys.org/technology-news/

The deal creates an entity worth $8.8 billion (7.8 billion euros) that will be "one of the world's largest pure-play enterprise software companies," the two said in a statement. Shares in Micro Focus soared more than 16 percent in early London trade Thursday. It marks the latest in a string of tech sector mergers and acquisitions, topped by Japanese mobile firm SoftBank's vast $32 billion takeover of British iPhone chip designer ARM Holdings in July. "With today's announcement, we are taking another important step in achieving the vision of creating a faster-growing, higher-margin, stronger cash-flow company well-positioned for our customers and for the future," HPE chief executive Meg Whitman said in a statement, unveiling the deal late Wednesday. The move comes after the breakup of computer giant Hewlett Packard last year into two companies: software and services HPE and computer and printer maker HP Inc. HPE shareholders will get 50.1 percent ownership of the new combined company to be entitled HPE Software and a $2.5 billion cash payment. HPE Software and Micro Focus will have combined annual revenues of $4.5 billion and operating profit—as measured by EBITDA, or earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation—of $1.35 billion. The deal is the biggest announced purchase of a foreign target by a British firm since voters opted to quit the European Union in June. "The merger will create one of the world's largest infrastructure software companies with leading positions across a number of key products," Micro Focus chairman Kevin Loosemore said. Other headline-grabbing takeovers recently have included Microsoft's $26-billion acquisition of social media company LinkedIn, and US cyber security leader Symantec's $4.65-billion purchase of Blue Coat Inc. Separately Wednesday, Intel announced plans to spin off its cyber security operations as an independent company under the name McAfee, as the US giant also sought to offload non-core operations. "The tech sector is going through a rapid phase of consolidation. Tech is leading (the) deal market this year—as it did in 2015," ETX Capital analyst Neil Wilson told AFP. "The pace of tech deals is the second fastest ever after 2000, while the number of deals across the rest of the market is down." After ARM Holdings was snapped up in July, the latest merger also illustrates that British companies are able to do the buying, Wilson said. "After Arm Holdings was sold to SoftBank, it's also a sign that the UK tech sector is still capable of making deals in the other direction," he added. "It's a confident move—it would be the biggest acquisition by a British company of a foreign tech firm and comes in the face of a massive drop in the value of the pound that has made UK firms the target of overseas bidders." Analyst Markus Huber, of City of London Markets, said the developments were partly down to the fact that British tech companies were "simply very good in what they are doing". A weakening of the pound in the last few years has also made British marketplace a sweeter proposition, he told AFP. "Despite all the Brexit talk and negative fall-out which many fear will follow, the fact is that the UK is and will remain a very attractive market place where foreign companies are not only eager to be well placed in, but also where they can't afford not to be in the first place," he said. Explore further: China's HNA snaps up US tech firm for $6.0 bn

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