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CITES is a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals. It was drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the International Union for Conservation of Nature . The convention was opened for signature in 1973, and CITES entered into force on 1 July 1975. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten the survival of the species in the wild, and it accords varying degrees of protection to more than 35,000 species of animals and plants. In order to ensure that the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade was not violated, the Secretariat of GATT was consulted during the drafting process. Wikipedia.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: EE-07-2015 | Award Amount: 1.98M | Year: 2016

PUBLENEFs overarching goal is to assist Member States in implementing effective and efficient sustainable energy policies (with the focus on energy efficiency ) and empower them to make use of the best practices and policy processes implemented in other MS at the national, regional and/or local level. The specific objectives of the project are to a) Assess and learn from existing Energy Efficiency policy implementation practices in EU member states, regions and cities, b) Strengthen networking opportunities for public agencies on the national, regional and local level, and c) Develop and adjust tools for public agencies to help them implement Energy Efficiency policies. The target audience of PUBLENEF consists of the following groups: National, regional and local authorities, Policy implementation bodies, networks of local and regional authorities, and Market actors and bodies participating in EE policies. The overall approach of the project in order to fulfill these objectives is to: a) Identify the needs from national, regional and local authorities for the implementation of EE policies, b) Collect the best practices and tools for overcoming these needs and replicate them to various MS, regions and municipal authorities, c) develop roadmaps and enhance the process of successful implementation of policies, and d) build and strengthen existing networks of policy makers enabling the knowledge exchange from national to regional to local level in EE policy. As PUBLENEF is a highly policy participatory project, it has ensured the involvement of key players in all energy efficiency policy making field throughout the EU. PUBLENEF has ensured a fine mix of energy agencies (and associations of cities and regions) involved in the formulation of energy efficiency policies on the national, regional and local level and building capacity.

Banos A.,CITES
Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design | Year: 2012

According to two recent studies, Thomas Schelling's model of segregation is only weakly affected by the underlying spatial structure whatever its complexity. Such a conclusion is important from an urban planning perspective as it suggests that only a very restricted range of possible actions, if any, would be able to contribute to limiting social segregation, unless individual preferences are significantly modified. My own simulations show that, using appropriate graph-based spatial structures, one can reveal significant spatial effects and thus provide alternative planning insights. Cliques in networks indeed play a significant role, reinforcing segregation effects in Schelling's model. Introducing a small amount of noise into the model permits us to reveal this effect more precisely, without modifying the global behavior of the initial model. Furthermore, I show how a logistic model describes in a concise but precise way this global behavior at an aggregated level. © 2012 Pion Ltd and its Licensors. Source

Chatzimpiros P.,University Paris Diderot | Barles S.,CITES
Biogeosciences | Year: 2013

Human foods typically contain a minor fraction of the nitrogen (N) used in agricultural production. The major fraction is lost to the environment and interferes with all current environmental problems and global change issues. Food is also generally consumed far from its production location and associated N losses remain unknown unless connected to products through consumption-based indicators. We develop the N food-print as an indicator to connect N flows and losses in livestock systems to the consumption of dietary N in the form of beef, pork and fresh milk in France. This N food-print of a product is the N loss associated with its agricultural production. The conversions of N, from field application to recovery in vegetal and animal proteins, are calculated from statistical data on crop and animal production and through modelling of feed rations for cattle and swine. Beef farming to feed an individual in France uses 11.1 kg N cap-1 yr-1, out of which 3.8 kg N cap-1 yr-1 (or 35%) is the N food-print, 7% is recovered in retail products, 3% is slaughter waste and 55% returns to agriculture as manure. Pork and dairy production use 7.5 and 2.3 kg N cap-1 yr-1, respectively, out of which 53 and 48% is the N food-print, respectively; about 11% is recovered in retail products and 35% returns to agriculture as manure. In total, more than 75% of the N food-print relates to crop cultivation for feed and much of these losses (80% for dairy and pork production, 20% for beef production) occur in crop farms far from where the livestock is reared. Regional and national policies to reduce N losses should take into account that trade in feed implies causal relationships among N losses in agrosystems distant from each other. © Author(s) 2013. Source

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: WASTE-4d-2015 | Award Amount: 1.49M | Year: 2016

The European paper industry is at the core of the bioeconomy, using wood, a renewable material, and Paper for Recycling (PfR) as its main raw materials for producing paper products. This industry is a strategic sector in the EU economy, actively contributing to the re-industrialisation of Europe. Currently, the production of paper and board in the EU is 91 tonnes per year, while PfR represents 63%. The contribution of PfR has increased over the last few years (from 25 t to 40 t). This increase in the availability of PfR has not taken place in all EU states, and this is especially true in Eastern European countries. Besides, although high collection rates are achieved, the quality of this material does not always meet the requirements of paper recycling. Both facts make difficult to keep up with the increases in PfR collection rates observed over the last few years if specific actions are not taken. IMPACTPapeRec aims to put Europe at the forefront of PfR collection, ensuring raw material procurement from mainly European sources through an innovative approach based on the participation of the whole paper value chain including citizens and municipalities, which is also open to other sectors. Main objective is to provide an innovative and common knowledge platform, which will enable present and future cooperation. Analysis on best practices in PfR collection and assessment procedures are delivered, considering specific local conditions. They will encourage reliable decisions and make solutions available to decision-makers ensuring the procurement and supply of PfR in Europe through the improvement of municipal paper collection. Medium-long results are: increases in PfR collection (up to 75%); 1.57 Mt/year and raw material savings of 385 million. This proposal has positive support from the EU of the commitment approved within the EIP on raw materials IMPACT - Introduction and Improvement of Separate Paper Collection to avoid landfilling and incineration.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: WASTE-5-2014 | Award Amount: 1.00M | Year: 2015

PPI4Waste is based on an integrated approach which will permit to define needs, targets, improvement of functional performances, and monitor the complete cycle of preparation activities for PPI process to be implemented in the waste sector, while making know-how on procedures for innovation procurement widely available through the establishment of buyers group, making state-of-the-art solutions accessible to other procurers, capacity building and assessment of feasibility plan of uptaking PPI in the waste sector. This 30-month project, whose workplan has a concise structure that supports the workflow to achieve its main aim: The overall objective of the project is to achieve resource efficiency, sustainable waste management and sustainable consumption throughout Europe by increasing the use of innovative public procurement through coordinated a structured and coordination action of networking, capacity building, and dissemination. The cornerstone of the project is how to boost resource efficiency through PPI, on the basis of the waste hierarchy and the establishment of the buyers group of public procurers in the first phase of the project will permit to achieve all objectives towards the reinforcement of early deployment of eco-innovative solutions for resource efficiency and waste management through joint or coordinated PPI processes.

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