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Bonaiuto M.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Bonaiuto M.,Cirpa Centro Interuniversitario Of Ricerca In Psicologia Ambientale | De Dominicis S.,University of Rome La Sapienza | De Dominicis S.,Cirpa Centro Interuniversitario Of Ricerca In Psicologia Ambientale | And 5 more authors.
Food Quality and Preference | Year: 2017

Reputation is a social-psychological variable influencing behavioural choices in general. Drawing from current literature on persons and organizations, the concept of reputation is applied to food conceived as a social agent: Food reputation pertains to all the beliefs about a food object, its antecedents (i.e., its production effects) and its consequences (i.e., its consumption effects). Food Reputation Map (FRM) is a theoretical framework and a methodological tool encompassing six main areas (synthetic indicators) of food reputation, further articulated into 23 markers (specific indicators): they gauge people evaluative perception of a food's intrinsic characteristics, its effects on the context (e.g., during its production phase), and its effects on the individual (e.g., during its consumption phase). Two studies were conducted at the Italian national level on over three thousands participants (N1 = 2693; N2 = 585–out of 1308 total participants). Multivariate statistical analyses are used to build FRM as a psychometric tool for measuring food reputation. In each of the two studies (first long, and then short FRM version), results of exploratory factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha allow to select the best items for each synthetic and specific indicator, on the basis of its factorial structure and internal consistency. Both theoretical and practical implications are discussed. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd


Bonaiuto M.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Bonaiuto M.,Cirpa Centro Interuniversitario Of Ricerca In Psicologia Ambientale | Fornara F.,University of Cagliari | Fornara F.,Cirpa Centro Interuniversitario Of Ricerca In Psicologia Ambientale | And 3 more authors.
Habitat International | Year: 2015

This paper presents some relevant tools for UN-HABITAT CPI, addressing the relationship between residential neighbourhood assessment, neighbourhood attachment and overall residential satisfaction of residents in the Iranian the city of Tabriz. The first aim of the study is to validate some cross-cultural tools-focusing on the Quality of Life (QOL) spoke of the CPI's wheel of urban prosperity - for use in an urban residential context (Fornara etal., 2010); specifically an abbreviated version of the Perceived Residential Environment Quality Indicators (PREQIs) and the Neighbourhood Attachment Scale (NAS), as well as items for measurement of Residential Satisfaction (RS). The instruments consist of 11 scales measuring PREQIs, one scale measuring Neighbourhood Attachment and three items about RS. The second aim is to test a model of the links among the constructs measured by these tools that deal with different features of QOL. For example, if some global PREQIs (i.e., pace of life) mediate the relationship between other, more specific PREQIs and Neighbourhood Attachment; and then if they ultimately predict RS, they may be considered as final outcome criteria. PREQIs, NAS and RS items are included in a self-report questionnaire, (translated from English into Farsi language) and then administered to 239 residents of Tabriz, Iran. Multivariate statistical analyses of the survey results extends the cross-cultural validity of the tools, as well as testing relationship models going from specific to global PREQIs, to NAS, finally predicting RS. The discussion argues for the relevance of PREQIs, NAS and RS constructs and tools in deepening the knowledge on the QOL spoke within the UN-HABITAT CPI. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Bonaiuto M.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Bonaiuto M.,Cirpa Centro Interuniversitario Of Ricerca In Psicologia Ambientale | Fornara F.,University of Cagliari | Fornara F.,Cirpa Centro Interuniversitario Of Ricerca In Psicologia Ambientale | And 6 more authors.
Cognitive Processing | Year: 2015

Architectural and environmental psychology literature has shown the importance of urban design in provoking stress feelings or enhancing well-being and quality of life. The aim of this contribution is to show the main results of a set of cross-cultural survey studies concerning the perceived quality of urban features at the neighbourhood level. A questionnaire was used including the extended or the short version of the 11 scales measuring Perceived Residential Environment Quality Indicators (PREQIs), which cover architectural, social, functional, and contextual aspects. Both versions of PREQIs showed a similar factorial structure and a good (or at least acceptable) reliability across different geographical contexts, even though some differences emerged in those countries that are more distant from the Western linguistic and cultural milieu. The development of tools like PREQIs should increase a “user-centred” vision on urban issues. © 2015, Marta Olivetti Belardinelli and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Cerina V.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Cerina V.,Cirpa Centro Interuniversitario Of Ricerca In Psicologia Ambientale | Fornara F.,University of Cagliari | Fornara F.,Cirpa Centro Interuniversitario Of Ricerca In Psicologia Ambientale
Psyecology | Year: 2011

The aim of the study is to analyze and compare different individual, psycho-social, and psycho-environmental responses of elderly living in different environments. The conceptual frame of reference is the Complementary-Congruence Model of person-environment fit (Carp & Carp, 1984), which focuses on relevant changes in person-environment relationship during the life-span, with particular attention to the processes of ageing. Participants (N = 201 aged over-65 recruited in urban and rural places) filled in a questionnaire including an array of measures. Significant differences emerged between urban and rural elderly residents in psychological well-being, social network, collective identity, and attitudes to relocate. Psycho-social and psycho-environmental dimensions were more influent than individual and intra-personal dimensions on attitudes toward short- and long-term relocation. In particular, a higher environmental competence and a lower home attachment and perceived social network are associated with attitudes toward both short-term and long-term relocation. Finally, environmental competence resulted also as the strongest antecedent of psychological well-being. © 2011 by Fundación Infancia y Aprendizaje.

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