PubMed | City of Hope Medical Center, Boston University, Cireca Theranostics LLC, Northeastern University and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology | Year: 2015
We report results of a study utilizing a novel tissue classification method, based on label-free spectral techniques, for the classification of lung cancer histopathological samples on a tissue microarray. The spectral diagnostic method allows reproducible and objective classification of unstained tissue sections. This is accomplished by acquiring infrared data sets containing thousands of spectra, each collected from tissue pixels 6m on edge; these pixel spectra contain an encoded snapshot of the entire biochemical composition of the pixel area. The hyperspectral data sets are subsequently decoded by methods of multivariate analysis that reveal changes in the biochemical composition between tissue types, and between various stages and states of disease. In this study, a detailed comparison between classical and spectral histopathology is presented, suggesting that spectral histopathology can achieve levels of diagnostic accuracy that is comparable to that of multipanel immunohistochemistry.