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Ciudad Universitaria, Argentina

Rosetti C.M.,CAC | Maggio B.,CIQUIBIC | Wilke N.,CIQUIBIC
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes | Year: 2010

It was previously shown that myelin basic protein (MBP) can induce phase segregation in whole myelin monolayers and myelin lipid films, which leads to the accumulation of proteins into a separate phase, segregated from a cholesterol-enriched lipid phase. In this work we investigated some factors regulating the phase segregation induced by MBP using fluorescent microscopy of monolayers formed with binary and ternary lipid mixtures of dihydrocholesterol (a less-oxidable cholesterol analog) and phospholipids. The influence of the addition of salts to the subphase and of varying the lipid composition was analyzed. Our results show that MBP can induce a dihydrocholesterol-dependent segregation of phases that can be further regulated by the electrolyte concentration in the subphase and the composition (type and proportion) of non-sterol lipids. In this way, changes of the lipid composition of the film or the ionic strength in the aqueous media modify the local surface density of MBP and the properties (phase state and composition) of the protein environment. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Wilke N.,CIQUIBIC | Vega Mercado F.,CIQUIBIC | Maggio B.,CIQUIBIC
Langmuir | Year: 2010

Many biologically relevant monolayers show coexistence of discrete domains of a long-range ordered condensed phase dispersed in a continuous, disordered, liquid-expanded phase. In this work, we determined the viscous and elastic components of the compressibility modulus and the shear viscosity of monolayers exhibiting phase coexistence with the aim at elucidating the contribution of each phase to the observed monolayer mechanical properties. To this purpose, mixed monolayers with different proportions of distearoylphosphatidylcholine (DSPC) and dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) were prepared and their rheological properties were analyzed. The relationship between the phase diagram of the mixture at 10 mN m-1 and the rheological properties was studied. We found that the monolayer shear viscosity is highly dependent on the presence of domains and on the domain density. In turn, the monolayer compressibility is only influenced by the presence of domains for high domain densities. For monolayers that look homogeneous on the micrometer scale (DSPC amount lower that 23 mol %), all the analyzed rheological properties remain similar to those observed for pure DMPC monolayers, indicating that in this proportion range the DSPC molecules contribute as DMPC to the surface rheology in spite of having hydrocarbon chains four carbons longer. © 2010 American Chemical Society. Source

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