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Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain

Mora V.,University of Navarra | Baigorri R.,CIPAV R and D Timac Agro Int TAI Roullier Group | Bacaicoa E.,CIPAV R and D Timac Agro Int TAI Roullier Group | Zamarreno A.M.,CIPAV R and D Timac Agro Int TAI Roullier Group | And 2 more authors.
Environmental and Experimental Botany | Year: 2012

The increase in root growth is one of the major effects of humic substances, but the mechanisms involved in humic acid-mediated changes in root growth, morphology and architecture are poorly known. Probably, humic substances may act on plant development through an action on the hormonal balance within the plant, either directly or indirectly by affecting the root uptake of some nutrients. In this study we investigate in cucumber plants the effects of a purified sedimentary humic acid (PHA), without detectable concentrations of the main phytoregulators in its structure, on root architecture, and its relationships with the functional action of three phytoregulators, indole-acetic acid, ethylene and nitric oxide, which are also affected by the root application of this humic acid. The results obtained using inhibitors of auxin transport or action, inhibitors of ethylene biosynthesis or action, and a scavenger of nitric oxide indicate that the increase in the root concentration of these phytoregulators caused by the root application of PHA does not play an essential role in the expression of the main changes on root architecture caused by PHA in developed cucumber plants. Other factors, which could act in coordination or independently of those phytoregulators affected by PHA root application, must be involved in the whole action on this humic acid on root architecture in cucumber. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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