Engineering, Portugal
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Cortes Sanchez M.,University of Seville | Jimenez Espejo F.J.,Insituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra CSIC UGR | Jimenez Espejo F.J.,Japan Agency for Marine - Earth Science and Technology | Simon Vallejo M.D.,Fundacion Cueva de Nerja | And 21 more authors.
Quaternary Research | Year: 2012

New data and a review of historiographic information from Neolithic sites of the Malaga and Algarve coasts (southern Iberian Peninsula) and from the Maghreb (North Africa) reveal the existence of a Neolithic settlement at least from 7.5. cal. ka BP. The agricultural and pastoralist food producing economy of that population rapidly replaced the coastal economies of the Mesolithic populations. The timing of this population and economic turnover coincided with major changes in the continental and marine ecosystems, including upwelling intensity, sea-level changes and increased aridity in the Sahara and along the Iberian coast. These changes likely impacted the subsistence strategies of the Mesolithic populations along the Iberian seascapes and resulted in abandonments manifested as sedimentary hiatuses in some areas during the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition. The rapid expansion and area of dispersal of the early Neolithic traits suggest the use of marine technology. Different evidences for a Maghrebian origin for the first colonists have been summarized. The recognition of an early North-African Neolithic influence in Southern Iberia and the Maghreb is vital for understanding the appearance and development of the Neolithic in Western Europe. Our review suggests links between climate change, resource allocation, and population turnover. © 2011 University of Washington.

Salgueiro E.,National Laboratory of Energy and Geology | Salgueiro E.,University of Bremen | Salgueiro E.,CIMAR Laboratorio Associado | Voelker A.H.L.,National Laboratory of Energy and Geology | And 7 more authors.
Quaternary Science Reviews | Year: 2010

Present day hydrographic conditions along the western Iberian margin are characterized by seasonal upwelling with filaments that can penetrate more than 200 km into the open ocean and constitute areas of cold and highly productive waters. In order to investigate spatial and temporal gradients in temperature and productivity conditions during the last 150 ky, high-resolution proxy records were generated in 3 cores (SU92-03, MD95-2040, MD95-2042), located along the Iberian coast between 43°12′N and 37°48′N and forming a N-S profile. In all cores, planktonic foraminifera census counts are used to reconstruct summer sea surface temperature (SSTsu) and export productivity (Pexpsu) using the modern analog technique SIMMAX 28. SSTsu and Pexpsu values similar to the present are observed throughout the Holocene and MIS 5e periods for each site, respectively, indicating fairly stable conditions equivalent to the modern ones. On glacial/interglacial timescales, SSTsu increases by 2-3 °C from the northern to southernmost site. Pexpsu, on the other hand, shows a decrease of 30-40 gC/m2/yr from North to South at present time and during interglacial periods, and no significant variation (90-100 gC/m2/yr) during glacial periods. The northernmost core SU92-03 reveals the coldest conditions with records more similar to MD95-2040 than to MD95-2042, the later of which is, as at present, more affected by subtropical waters. Core SU92-03 shows higher interglacial productivity similar to open ocean mid- to high latitude sites, while the other two cores monitor higher glacial productivity conform with other upwelling sites off NW Africa. A boundary between differences in glacial/interglacial productivity appears to be present in our study between 43°12′N and 40°35′N. Especially north of 40°N, coldest SSTsu and lowest Pexpsu are found during Heinrich events (H)1-H8 and H10-H11. In contrast, lowest Pexpsu do not coincide with these events at site MD95-2042, but appear to be related to the presence of relatively warm and nutrient-poor subtropical Eastern North Atlantic Central Water advected with the Azores Current. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Genc I.Y.,Suleyman Demirel University of Turkey | Esteves E.,CIMAR Laboratorio Associado | Anibal J.,University of Algarve | Diler A.,Suleyman Demirel University of Turkey
Journal of Food Engineering | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to experimentally assess several quality indices of meagre Argyrosomus regius (Asso, 1801) fillets packed in air (AP) and vacuum (VP) stored chilled (+4 °C) for up to 13 days. Considering our experimental data on concentration of bacterial counts, shelf-life is estimated at ca. 6 days for AP fillets and an additional 3-5 days for VP meagre fillets. Total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) and trimethylamine (TMA-N) did not reach the regulated limits (25-35 mg/100 g chilled fish). The models implemented in the software Seafood Spoilage and Safety Predictor predicted a relatively shorter shelf-life of 4.8-6.9 days for fish stored in air at +4 °C when compared to AP and VP fillets. Empirical data and the models implemented in the software were used to predict the shelf-life of fillets if packaged under different modified atmospheres (MAP). Chilled, MAP fillets are likely to have a longer shelf-life than AP or VP samples if equilibrium CO2 concentration is substantially high. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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