News Article | May 4, 2017
Small-scale fisheries traditionally represent an important share of the fisheries sector in the Mediterranean and Black Sea and their considerable role in the region has long been recognized. Now, building on the process and participatory approach used to develop the International Guidelines on Securing Sustainable Small-scale Fisheries, the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) plans to provide a platform to address the main issues related to small-scale fisheries in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. The GFCM and FAO, in partnership with CIHEAM Bari, MedPAN and WWF, are organizing a symposium in November that will serve as a building block to steer strategic and programmatic actions with a view to improving the livelihoods of local communities engaged in small-scale fisheries in the region. * See brochure
News Article | May 4, 2017
Small-scale fisheries in the Mediterranean and Black Sea - representing more than 80% of the region's total fleet and 50% of jobs in the fisheries sector - have the potential to contribute significantly to food security, economic growth and rural development and to provide valuable employment opportunities. A new video presents different perspectives on small-scale fisheries across the region, as discussed during the First Regional Symposium on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Mediterranean and Black Sea, held in Malta last November. Organized by the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) and FAO, in partnership with CIHEAM Bari, MedPAN, WWF and in collaboration with the Government of Malta, this was the first time that interested stakeholders could bring their opinions and ideas to the fore at a regional level.
News Article | May 4, 2017
The General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) and FAO are organizing, in partnership with CIHEAM Bari, MedPAN, WWF and in collaboration with the Government of Malta ,the First Regional Symposium on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Mediterranean and Black Sea, from 27 to 30 November 2013 in Malta. For the first time in the region, national administrations, international organizations, fisheries scientists, NGOs, fishers communities, stakeholders and civil society will sit around the same table to discuss issues of common interest to ensure a sustainable future for the small-scale fisheries sector in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. The importance of small-scale fisheries for the whole area and the many challenges they are facing indicate that the time has come to launch an in-depth reflection on how to develop common strategies, synergies and cooperation to support their sustainable development. Building upon a participatory and bottom-up approach, the symposium will offer a unique opportunity to address recurring issues and to find common answers to secure future prospects for small-scale fisheries in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. This event will be a forum where all interested stakeholders will have a chance to bring their opinions, ideas and expertise to the fore. At the end of the symposium, it is expected that participants will endorse common conclusions on how to maintain sustainable small-scale fisheries in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea and identify crucial priorities for the design of a roadmap towards the development of small-scale fisheries in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea based on an ecosystem approach. An opportunity to meet actors of the small-scale fisheries world! www.ssfsymposium.org
News Article | May 4, 2017
The Italian Presidency of the Council of the European Union, together with the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and in cooperation with the European Commission and the Italian Ministry of Agricultural Food and Forestry Policies (MiPAAF) are organizing, from 9 to 11 December 2014, a Regional Conference on “Blue Growth in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea: developing sustainable aquaculture for food security”. This event will take place at the International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies of Bari (CIHEAM Bari), Italy. The main objective of this Regional Conference is to take stock of the progress made by aquaculture in the Mediterranean and to address the main challenges for its sustainable development. It also aims to renew commitment among countries and actors concerned to promote a common strategy for aquaculture in the region.
Trejo-Pech C.O.,Panamerican University of Mexico |
Arellano-Sada R.,UPG |
Coelho A.M.,CIHEAM |
Weldon R.N.,University of Florida
American Journal of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2012
Mexico has a long tradition of production and consumption of alcoholic beverages, particularly tequila, beer, and mezcal. The Baja California vineyard acreage is veryconcentrated. Less than twenty large vineyards produce almost half of the total grape production in Baja California. In contrast, over 75% of the vineyards are small, less than 20 hectares, and supply 25% of the grape used in wine production. While mechanical harvesting may have economic and technical advantages in other wine regions, Baja California growers argue that manual harvesting increases the quality of wine, as the grapes arrive in better condition at the winery compared with mechanical harvesting. There are about ten institutes of technology or universities around the Baja California wine industry area. The Baja California Wine Route includes other tourist attractions, such as museums, outdoor activities (especially during grape harvest time inAugust and September), and a number of restaurants and hotels geared to tourists.
Amrani K.,Groupe de recherche et dinformation pour le developpement durable de lagriculture doasis |
Dolle V.,CIHEAM |
Toutain G.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2013
The present announcement aims to purpose a program for the enduring development of the oasis agronomical system. It has to be done so as to get a highly developing fertility of palm groves and improvement of the resilience ability of the ecosystem. In order to do this, a very accurate diagnosis has to be carried out. It is based on evaluation grids of the biodiversity which requires taking into account various factors: agro-ecological, sociological and economic. This is one of the essential points of the present announcement in order to offer a tool to help make the decision to set up a preservation, restoration and maintenance program of biodiversity. This diagnosis will make it possible to assess the frailties of the agricultural system and the possible future improvements to be made. The design and development of this tool rely on the protection of natural resources and socioeconomic values, which characterizes long-lasting agriculture. This grid consists in quantifying the various components of the oasis agricultural system by giving indicators a numbered mark. Decisions will be made depending on the marked indicators. Methodology consist to make phoenicicultural unities inside date palm oases and each unit will be analyzed from EDAO (Evaluation of Durability of Agroecosystem Oases) grids. Each indicator has capacity to give real assessment of the date palm situation and area research will be axis on weakness parameters. These alteration works would be at the origin of favorable atmosphere of palm groves. © ISHS 2013.
Belhouchette H.,CIHEAM |
Blanco M.,Technical University of Madrid |
Wery J.,UMR System |
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture | Year: 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the sustainability of farm irrigation systems in the Cébalat district in northern Tunisia. It addressed the challenging topic of sustainable agriculture through a bio-economic approach linking a biophysical model to an economic optimisation model. A crop growth simulation model (CropSyst) was used to build a database to determine the relationships between agricultural practices, crop yields and environmental effects (salt accumulation in soil and leaching of nitrates) in a context of high climatic variability. The database was then fed into a recursive stochastic model set for a 10-year plan that allowed analysing the effects of cropping patterns on farm income, salt accumulation and nitrate leaching. We assumed that the long-term sustainability of soil productivity might be in conflict with farm profitability in the short-term. Assuming a discount rate of 10% (for the base scenario), the model closely reproduced the current system and allowed to predict the degradation of soil quality due to long-term salt accumulation. The results showed that there was more accumulation of salt in the soil for the base scenario than for the alternative scenario (discount rate of 0%). This result was induced by applying a higher quantity of water per hectare for the alternative as compared to a base scenario. The results also showed that nitrogen leaching is very low for the two discount rates and all climate scenarios. In conclusion, the results show that the difference in farm income between the alternative and base scenarios increases over time to attain 45% after 10. years. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Abis S.,Ciheam |
New Medit | Year: 2010
Land grabbing is a phenomenon which has been growing over the last decades in developing countries. However, the process is now experiencing a new thrust in terms of land surfaces and geographical areas and showing new traits (different aims of investors, South-South movement, reaction of the civil society, etc.). Arab countries, which strongly depend on food imports and suffer from natural constraints, are very active in the so-called «rush for farmland» especially after the food crisis of 2007-2008. In a context of increasing demand for foodstuffs and energy, with the worsening of hunger in the world and with the shortage of investments, this paper intends to make the point of this controversial phenomenon and to throw down the most important challenges relating to food security.
Lamani O.,CIHEAM |
Ilbert H.,CIHEAM |
Khadari B.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development
Cahiers Agricultures | Year: 2015
Many initiatives seek to differentiate specific segments in the olive oil market. Olive oil is a flagship product of the Mediterranean region, and its market is evolving with international legislation on origin and quality. Our objective is to analyze and compare public policies in the olive oil industry, from the literature and from case studies of some Mediterranean producer countries. The analysis demonstrates possible conditions for implementing differentiation policies as well as changing modes of governance of Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) or Protected Geographical Indication (PGI). Strategies to defend origin and quality vary from one country to another, depending on government decisions and the engagement of local actors.
Lacirignola C.,Ciheam |
Adinolfi F.,University of Bologna |
Capitanio F.,University of Naples Federico II
New Medit | Year: 2015
We have experienced a period of great agricultural capacity almost on a global scale, called "the Green Revolution". This is a term used to refer to the remarkable increase in the world agricultural production between the early 1960s and the end of the 1980s. The technological progress experienced in the more developed economies and its transfer to other regions, especially Asia and Latin America, led, at that moment, to the doubling of yields for some cereal crops which are basic for the human diet, like rice, wheat and maize, besides the productivity of other plant species and livestock. This real production boom has been able to meet rising food demand in the past 30 years and has also ensured a certain stability to food prices. What has changed? How can we account for an alarming situation that today goes well beyond the ever-neglected issue of hunger in the world's poor areas? What has compromised the reaching of internationally-agreed goals regarding the war against malnutrition? The international markets for agricultural commodities are the stage on which the new scarcity is shown in all its clarity. The rollercoaster ride of commodity prices fully expresses the tensions between demand and supply which are responsible for price rises. Since for many years these changes have not been perceived or have been at the very least underestimated, in this paper we try to address the impact on food security in Mediterranean Countries of this "new paradigm", emphasizing the most critical aspect drawn from major indicators in the field.