Linthicum Heights, MD, United States
Linthicum Heights, MD, United States

Ciena Corporation is a United States-based global supplier of telecommunications networking equipment, software and services that support the delivery and transport of voice, video and data services. Its products are used in telecommunications networks operated by telecommunications service providers, cable operators, governments and enterprises. The company was founded in 1992 and is headquartered in Hanover, Maryland.Ciena sells products and services across four segments: Converged Packet Optical, Packet Networking, Optical Transport, and Software & Services. Key current platforms include the 6500 Packet-Optical Platform, 5430 Reconfigurable Switching System, CoreDirector Multiservice Optical Switch, 3000 family of service delivery switches, and the 4200 Advanced Services Platform. It also offers the Ciena One integrated network and service management software suite, consulting and support services, deployment services, maintenance and support services, spares and logistics management. Wikipedia.


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Patent
Ciena | Date: 2017-01-04

A method for executing a network command using synchronized timers. The method includes obtaining, by a first device, a first current time value from a first timer of the first device, determining, by the first device, a time-to-execute value based on the first current time value, sending, from the first device to a second device, a first network command message including the network command and the time-to-execute value, repetitively obtaining, by the second device, a second current time value from a second timer of the second device, comparing, by the second device and in response to receiving the first network command message, the second current time value to the time-to-execute value extracted from the first network command message, and executing, by the second device and in response to the second current time value matching the time-to-execute value, the network command, wherein the first timer and the second timer are synchronized.


A Flexible Ethernet (FlexE) switch system configured to switch a FlexE client service includes interface circuitry configured to ingress and egress a plurality of FlexE clients; and switch circuitry configured to switch portions of the FlexE clients based on 64b/66b block boundaries between the interface circuitry. A node configured to switch a Flexible Ethernet (FlexE) client service in a network includes one or more line cards configured to ingress and egress a plurality of FlexE clients; and one or more switch fabrics configured to switch portions of the FlexE clients based on 64b/66b block boundaries between the one or more line cards.


A method for monitoring a circuit. The method may include obtaining, using a total current monitoring device, a measurement of a current transmitted through a cathode in a photodetector circuit. The current may include a first photocurrent for a first photodetector and a second photocurrent for a second photodetector. The method may include obtaining, using a differential current monitoring device in a transimpedance amplifier circuit, a differential voltage proportional to a current difference between the first photocurrent and the second photocurrent. The transimpedance amplifier circuit may generate, using the first photocurrent and the second photocurrent, a first output signal and a second output signal. The method may include determining, using the differential voltage and the measurement of the current transmitted through the cathode, an amount of the first photocurrent and an amount of the second photocurrent.


Patent
Ciena | Date: 2016-08-24

A system for providing optical connections that may include an optical grating structure (115) and an optical waveguide coupled to the optical grating structure. The optical grating structure may be configured to receive an optical wave (110), through an interposer (140), from an optical source. The optical grating structure may be configured to transform the optical wave into a predetermined electromagnetic propagation mode.


Patent
Ciena | Date: 2016-08-09

A circuit that may include a circuit network and a transmission line coupled to the circuit network. The circuit network may include an electro-optic modulator and various inductors. The electro-optic modulator may be a capacitive load having a predetermined capacitance. The circuit may further include a resistor coupled to the circuit network. The resistor may have a resistance value configured to produce a first impedance with the circuit network. The first impedance may be configured to match substantially with a second impedance in the transmission line. The circuit may further include an electric driver couple to the transmission line. The electric driver may be configured for transmitting a driving voltage to the electro-optic modulator. The driving voltage may be configured to generate a predetermined voltage swing across the electro-optic modulator.


A method of adding a transceiver including a transmitter and a receiver to an optical network. The transceiver is controlled to enable the receiver while maintaining the transmitter in a disabled state. The receiver detects a presence of an optical signal at a first wavelength. If an optical signal at the first wavelength is not present, the transmitter is enabled. Responsive to detection that an optical signal at the first wavelength is present: a feature of the optical signal, and a match condition between the detected feature and a predetermined feature are detected. The transmitter is enabled responsive to detection of the match condition.


Interest in multicast group membership may be advertised via a routing system on an Ethernet network along with an indication of an algorithm to be used by the nodes on the network to calculate the distribution tree or trees for the multicast. Each node, upon receipt of the advertisement, will determine the algorithm that is to be used to produce the multicast tree and will use the algorithm to calculate whether it is on a path between nodes advertising common interest in the multicast. Example algorithms may include shortest path algorithms and spanning tree algorithms. This allows multicast membership to be managed via the routing control plane, while enabling spanning tree processes to be used to forward multicast traffic. Since spanning tree is able to install multicast state per service rather than per source per service, this reduces the amount of forwarding state required to implement multicasts on the routed Ethernet mesh network.


Patent
Ciena | Date: 2016-02-10

An Optical channel Data Unit flex (ODUflex) resizing method, node, and network include determining that the ODUflex needs resizing, wherein the ODUflex is configured in the network on a current path between the node and a second node in the network; when the resizing is a decrease, reducing a size of the ODUflex by i) a resize decrease operation using a control plane or ii) a Link Aggregation Group and Make-Before-Break operation; and, when the resizing is an increase, increasing a size of the ODUflex by i) a resize increase operation using a control plane or ii) a Link Aggregation Group and Make-Before-Break operation. The method provides hitless resizing without using ITU Recommendation G.7044/Y.1347 (10/11) and can perform the reducing or the increasing changing bandwidth of the ODUflex by approximately 100G in less than a second.


Systems and methods for Optical Transport Network (OTN) adaptation to provide sub-rate granularity and distribution include segmenting an OTN signal into N flows of cells with associated identifiers, based on tributary slots of the OTN signal, wherein N 0, and wherein the cells do not include unallocated payload from the OTN signal; switching the cells to a scheduler; and scheduling, from the scheduler, the cells for a line side modem.


An Optical Transport Network (OTN) fault localization method, an iterative OTN fault localization method, and an OTN network use OTN tandem connection monitors operating in a Monitor mode to provide fault localization. The methods and network use TCMs for fault localization that can be performed manually or automatically to isolate a fault in a multi-domain OTN network to a particular link, switching fabric, or transport function. Additionally, a roles-based assignment scheme is presented for automatically assigning TCM levels between domains and links in multi-domain OTN networks. The fault localization methods enable fault localization in an automated and non-intrusive manner.

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