Linthicum Heights, MD, United States
Linthicum Heights, MD, United States

Ciena Corporation is a United States-based global supplier of telecommunications networking equipment, software and services that support the delivery and transport of voice, video and data services. Its products are used in telecommunications networks operated by telecommunications service providers, cable operators, governments and enterprises. The company was founded in 1992 and is headquartered in Hanover, Maryland.Ciena sells products and services across four segments: Converged Packet Optical, Packet Networking, Optical Transport, and Software & Services. Key current platforms include the 6500 Packet-Optical Platform, 5430 Reconfigurable Switching System, CoreDirector Multiservice Optical Switch, 3000 family of service delivery switches, and the 4200 Advanced Services Platform. It also offers the Ciena One integrated network and service management software suite, consulting and support services, deployment services, maintenance and support services, spares and logistics management. Wikipedia.


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Patent
Ciena | Date: 2017-01-04

A method for executing a network command using synchronized timers. The method includes obtaining, by a first device, a first current time value from a first timer of the first device, determining, by the first device, a time-to-execute value based on the first current time value, sending, from the first device to a second device, a first network command message including the network command and the time-to-execute value, repetitively obtaining, by the second device, a second current time value from a second timer of the second device, comparing, by the second device and in response to receiving the first network command message, the second current time value to the time-to-execute value extracted from the first network command message, and executing, by the second device and in response to the second current time value matching the time-to-execute value, the network command, wherein the first timer and the second timer are synchronized.


A Flexible Ethernet (FlexE) switch system configured to switch a FlexE client service includes interface circuitry configured to ingress and egress a plurality of FlexE clients; and switch circuitry configured to switch portions of the FlexE clients based on 64b/66b block boundaries between the interface circuitry. A node configured to switch a Flexible Ethernet (FlexE) client service in a network includes one or more line cards configured to ingress and egress a plurality of FlexE clients; and one or more switch fabrics configured to switch portions of the FlexE clients based on 64b/66b block boundaries between the one or more line cards.


A method for monitoring a circuit. The method may include obtaining, using a total current monitoring device, a measurement of a current transmitted through a cathode in a photodetector circuit. The current may include a first photocurrent for a first photodetector and a second photocurrent for a second photodetector. The method may include obtaining, using a differential current monitoring device in a transimpedance amplifier circuit, a differential voltage proportional to a current difference between the first photocurrent and the second photocurrent. The transimpedance amplifier circuit may generate, using the first photocurrent and the second photocurrent, a first output signal and a second output signal. The method may include determining, using the differential voltage and the measurement of the current transmitted through the cathode, an amount of the first photocurrent and an amount of the second photocurrent.


Patent
Ciena | Date: 2016-10-07

A scalable switch fabric using optical interconnects includes one or more line modules each including fabric interface optics supporting a plurality of optical output signals; an optical interconnect optically connected to each of the one or more line modules via the fabric interface optics; and one or more center stage switches, wherein the optical interconnect is adapted to shuffle the plurality of optical output signals from each of the one or more line modules to the one or more center stage switches. The optical interconnect can include two levels of shuffle to distribute each of the plurality of optical signals from each of the fabric interface optics to the one or more center stage switches.


A flexible grid optical transmitter communicatively coupled to an optical network includes a coherent optical transmitter configured to generate a signal at a respective center frequency on an optical spectrum and spanning n bins about the respective center frequency, wherein n is an integer greater than 1, wherein the respective center frequency and the n bins are utilized to perform Operations, Administration, Maintenance, and Provisioning (OAM&P) functions. The respective center frequency and the n bins are specified to the coherent optical transmitter by a management system for the OAM&P functions. Each of the n bins can include a same arbitrary size, and the arbitrary size can be greater than or equal to 1 GHz and less than or equal to 12.5 GHz.


Patent
Ciena | Date: 2017-05-10

A method. The method may include transmitting an optical noise signal to a first photodetector and a second photodetector within an optical receiver circuit that includes a transimpedance amplifier circuit. The method may further include measuring, in response to transmitting the optical noise signal, a power output from the optical receiver circuit. The method may further include determining, using the power output, a difference in photodetector responsivity between the first photodetector and the second photodetector. The method may further include adjusting, using a transimpedance gain controller, an amplifier gain within the optical receiver circuit to decrease a difference in photodetector responsivity between the first photodetector and the second photodetector.


A method of statistical multiplexing with one of Layer 0 Flexible Grid optical spectrum and Layer 1 Time Division Multiplexed (TDM) bandwidth in a multi-layer network includes obtaining a sampling of bandwidth usage over time on ports and links in the multi-layer network for one of Layer 0 and Layer 1 traffic using a plurality of statistical parameters, wherein the plurality of statistical parameters are defined for the one of Layer 0 and Layer 1 traffic; monitoring the plurality of statistical parameters; and triggering based on the monitoring one of i) adjustments to the one of Layer 0 and Layer 1 traffic and ii) adjustments to routing parameters on the links for new traffic, wherein the triggering is one of through a control plane and a Software Defined Networking (SDN) controller.


A network element of a transport network has three fabrics housed within a single shelf of a telco rack, namely a packet fabric, an electrical fabric and an optical fabric. A stream of traffic including a plurality of lambdas is received at a trunk interface of such a shelf. The optical fabric in the shelf performs optical switching on the stream to replace a first lambda in the stream with a second lambda. The first lambda is converted within the shelf into an electrical signal. Also within the shelf, first frames are recovered from the electrical signal. The packet fabric in the shelf is used to perform packet switching on the first frames to generate a flow of second frames. The flow of second frames is transmitted at a client interface of the shelf.


Patent
Ciena | Date: 2017-04-26

A method for measuring frame loss on a connection between a near-device (NED) and a far-end device (FED). The method includes: placing, on the connection, multiple test frames having a plurality of sequence numbers; obtaining, from the connection, a first reflected test frame having a first sequence number, a first FED receiving counter value from the FED, and an initial FED received count from the FED; obtaining, from the connection, a second reflected test frame having a second sequence number, a second FED receiving counter value from the FED, and the initial FED received count from the FED; and calculating a one-way frame loss value on the connection based on the second sequence number and the initial FED received count.


Systems and methods for determining minimal spectrum occupancy in routing and wavelength/spectrum assignment (RWA/RSA) in an optical network include performing, for a new demand request, a set of binary operations using a binary representation for each wavelength or portion of spectrum over all links in the optical network; and selecting, based on the set of binary operations, i) a route and ii) one of a) a wavelength and b) one or more portions of spectrum for the new demand request.

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