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Damasceno A.,Cidade Universitaia Zeferino Vaz | Damasceno B.P.,University of Campinas | Cendes F.,University of Campinas
Multiple Sclerosis | Year: 2016

Background: The concept of no evidence of disease activity (NEDA) has emerged as an important outcome measure for multiple sclerosis (MS). However, it is not known if maintaining NEDA has a positive impact on cognition or brain atrophy. Objective: To evaluate NEDA status after two years, addressing its implications on cognition and brain atrophy. Methods: Forty-two relapsing-remitting MS patients and 30 controls underwent MRI (3T) and cognitive evaluation (BRB-N). Forty patients performed additional evaluations, after 12 and 24 months. NEDA was defined as the absence of clinical (relapses/disability progression) and MRI activity (new T2/gadolinium-enhancing lesions). Repeated measures and multivariate analyses were performed to assess the contribution of NEDA criteria to GM atrophy. Results: After two years, 30.8% of the cohort had NEDA. From these, 58.3% still had worsening in 3/42 cognitive domains. Patients with MRI activity had more cortical thinning and slightly more thalamus volume decrease. Absence of new/enlarging T2 lesions was the only predictor of cortical thinning, subcortical GM and thalamic atrophy rates. Conclusions: NEDA status was achieved in a small proportion of our cohort, and did not preclude cognitive deterioration. Absence of MRI activity and especially of new/enlarging T2 lesions was associated with less cortical and subcortical GM atrophy. © 2015 SAGE Publications.

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