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Nakamura T.,Nagoya University | Hirayama M.,Nagoya University | Hara T.,Nagoya University | Hara T.,Chutoen General Medical Center | And 4 more authors.
Parkinsonism and Related Disorders | Year: 2014

Purpose: Cardiac sympathetic denervation is associated with orthostatic hypotension (OH) in Parkinson's disease (PD); however, the physiological role of cardiac sympathetic nerves has yet to be elucidated. To clarify the role of the heart in orthostatic stress, we evaluated whether cardiac sympathetic nerves can alter cardiac activity and systolic blood pressure (BP) in association with elevations or depressions of total peripheral resistance during the head-up tilt test. Methods: Ninety-five PD patients and 17 normal controls were enrolled. Using impedance cardiography, we measured total peripheral resistance, stroke volume, heart rate, and systolic BP during the head-up tilt test. Cardiac denervation was defined as a heart-to-mediastinum ratio <1.7 for cardiac 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine uptake on delayed images. Results: At 60° tilt, total peripheral resistance decreased from the initial value in 49 PD patients. Among these, 36 patients exhibited cardiac denervation with severe reductions in systolic BP but little change in stroke volume; among these patients 22 had OH. The remaining 13 patients without cardiac denervation exhibited significant increases in stroke volume and well-preserved systolic BP with no OH. On the other hand, 46 patients had elevations in total peripheral resistance and reduced stroke volume, but little change in systolic BP, regardless of the presence or absence of cardiac denervation. Only one of these patients experienced OH. Conclusion: Under orthostatic stress, cardiac sympathetic denervation with failure to increase total peripheral resistance leads to large reductions in systolic BP. However, patients without cardiac denervation exhibited a positive inotropic response against vasodilatation, which may prevent OH. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Kanbara S.,Chutoen General Medical Center | Yukawa Y.,Chubu Rosai Hospital | Ito K.,Chubu Rosai Hospital | Machino M.,Chubu Rosai Hospital | Kato F.,Chubu Rosai Hospital
Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine | Year: 2015

The lumbar spinous process-splitting laminectomy (LSPSL) procedure was developed as an alternative to lumbar laminectomy. In the LSPSL procedure, the spinous process is evenly split longitudinally and then divided at its base from the posterior arch, leaving the bilateral paravertebral muscle attached to the lateral aspects. This procedure allows for better exposure of intraspinal nerve tissues, comparable to that achieved by conventional laminectomy while minimizing damage to posterior supporting structures. In this study, the authors make some modifications to the original LSPSL procedure (modified LSPSL), in which laminoplasty is performed instead of laminectomy. The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative outcomes in modified LSPSL with those in conventional laminectomy (CL) and to evaluate bone unions between the split spinous process and residual laminae following modified LSPSL. Forty-seven patients with lumbar spinal stenosis were enrolled in this study. Twenty-six patients underwent modified LSPSL and 21 patients underwent CL. Intraoperative blood loss and surgical duration were evaluated. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scale scores were used to assess parameters before surgery and 12 months after surgery. The recovery rates were also evaluated. Postoperative paravertebral muscle atrophy was assessed using MRI. Bone union rates between the split spinous process and residual laminae were also examined. The mean surgical time and intraoperative blood loss were 25.7 minutes and 42.4 ml per 1 level in modified LSPSL, respectively, and 22.7 minutes and 29.5 ml in CL, respectively. The recovery rate of the JOA score was 64.2% in modified LSPSL and 68.7% in CL. The degree of paravertebral muscle atrophy was 7.8% in modified LSPSL and 22.2% in CL at 12 months after surgery (p < 0.05). The fusion rates of the spinous process with the arcus vertebrae at 6 and 12 months in modified LSPSL were 56.3% and 81.3%, respectively. The modified LSPSL procedure was less invasive to the paravertebral muscles and could be a laminoplasty; therefore, the modified LSPSL procedure presents an effective alternative to lumbar laminectomy. ©AANS, 2015. Source

Kanbara S.,Chutoen General Medical Center | Yukawa Y.,Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization | Ito K.,Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization | Machino M.,Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization | Kato F.,Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization
European Spine Journal | Year: 2014

Purpose: Some reported studies have evaluated the dural sac in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) by computed tomography (CT) after conventional myelography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). But they have been only able to evaluate static factors. No reports have described detailed dynamic changes in the dural sac during flexion and extension observed by multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT). The aim of this study was to elucidate or demonstrate, in detail, the influence of dynamic factors on the severity of stenosis. Methods: One hundred patients with LSS were enrolled in this study. All underwent MDCT in both flexion and extension positions after myelography, in addition to undergoing MRI. The anteroposterior diameter (AP-distance) and cross-sectional area of the dural sac (D-area) were measured at each disc level between L1-2 and L5- S1. The dynamic change in the D-area was defined as the absolute value of the difference between flexion and extension. The rate of dynamic change (dynamic change in D-area/D-area at flexion) in the dural sac at each disc level was also calculated. Results: The average AP-distance in flexion/extension (mm) was 9.2/7.4 at L3-4 and 8.3/7.4 at L4-5. The average D-area in flexion/extension (mm2) was 96.3/73.6 at L3-4 and 72.3/61.0 at L4-5. The values were significantly lower in extension than in flexion at all disc levels from L1-2 to L5-S1. AP-distance was narrowest and D-area smallest at L4-5 during extension. The rates of dynamic changes at L2-3 and L3-4 were higher than those at L4-5. Conclusions: MDCT clearly elucidated the dynamic changes in the lumbar dural sac. Before surgery, MDCT after myelography should be used to evaluate the dynamic change during flexion and extension, especially at L2-3, L3-4, and L4-5. © Springer-Verlag 2013. Source

Saito S.,Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital | Kawamura I.,Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital | Tsukahara M.,Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital | Uemura K.,Chutoen General Medical Center | And 2 more authors.
Internal Medicine | Year: 2016

Corynebacterium striatum has been described as a pathogen in immunocompromised patients; however, correctly identifying Corynebacterium spp. is often difficult, and cases of cellulitis caused by C. striatum are only rarely reported. We herein describe a case of cellulitis and bacteremia due to C. striatum identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using the Strepto-Haemo Supplement method, and vancomycin was replaced by a narrow-spectrum oral amoxicillin. © Schattauer 2016. Source

Yokomizo A.,Kyushu University | Kanimoto Y.,Chutoen General Medical Center | Okamura T.,Anjo Kosei Hospital | Ozono S.,Hamamatsu University School of Medicine | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Urology | Year: 2016

Purpose The optimal dose of intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin for the treatment of nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer is controversial. We investigated if induction therapy with low dose bacillus Calmette-Guérin could achieve a complete response rate similar to that of standard dose bacillus Calmette-Guérin, with less toxicity and higher quality of life. Materials and Methods After transurethral resection, patients with unresectable multiple nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer and/or carcinoma in situ were randomized to receive standard (80 mg) or low dose (40 mg) bacillus Calmette-Guérin instillation induction therapy (weekly, 8 times). The primary end point was noninferiority of low dose bacillus Calmette-Guérin with a null hypothesis of a 15% decrease in complete response rate. Secondary end points were recurrence-free survival, progression-free survival, overall survival, patient compliance, adverse events and quality of life using the EORTC QLQ-C30. Results In an intent to treat analysis of 166 patients the complete response rates for low dose and standard dose bacillus Calmette-Guérin were 79% (95% CI 0.70-0.88) and 85% (95% CI 0.77-0.92), respectively. Dunnett-Gent analysis revealed that the null hypothesis of inferiority of low dose bacillus Calmette-Guérin in terms of complete response could not be rejected (p = 0.119). However, there were no significant differences between the groups in terms of recurrence, progression and overall survival. Low dose bacillus Calmette-Guérin was associated with significantly less fever (p = 0.001) and micturition pain (p = 0.047), and significantly higher quality of life scores for global quality of life, role functioning and functional impairment. Conclusions The noninferiority of low dose bacillus Calmette-Guérin was not proven. However, low dose bacillus Calmette-Guérin was associated with lower toxicity and higher quality of life compared to standard dose bacillus Calmette-Guérin in patients with nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer. © 2016 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Source

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