Aomori Chuo Gakuin University
Kanda, Japan

Aomori Chuo Gakuin University is a private university in the city of Aomori, Aomori Prefecture Japan. The predecessor of the school was founded in 1946 as a junior college, and it became a four-year college in 1998. Wikipedia.

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Ihara R.,Aomori Public College | Morita M.,Aomori Chuo Gakuin University | Nakamura R.,Okayama University
Studies in Regional Science | Year: 2012

In the field of new economic geography, recent years have produced new empirical attempts to investigate the wage structure resulting from regional potentials. Pioneering studies are reported by Hanson (2005), Redding and Venables (2004) and Brakman et al. (2006). Although the model structure is somewhat complicated, the idea is simple and familiar because of its relation to traditional gravity analysis. Regional potentials are determined by market access and supplier access. In regions with a large market or numerous suppliers, firms have advantages in competition over firms in other regions. Employees in such regions receive higher wages. This paper constructs a new economic geography model of Japan, and takes a simulation approach to investigate the transition of regional potentials and labor distributions with trends of a decrease in transportation costs. We first calibrate the main parameters (including the elasticity of substitution, transportation cost levels, etc.), and derive the regional potentials in Japan. Then we predict (and replicate) the transition of regional potentials and labor distribution by changing the transportation costs. Consequently, we show that (i) the simulation result approaches the actual labor distribution,(ii) decreased transportation costs stimulate the dispersion of economic activities, and (iii) the simulation replicates the following the historical movement of the economic center of Japan. Some time ago, economic activities were concentrated in the Kansai area (including Kyoto and Osaka) when transportation costs were extremely high, but these activities were displaced to the Kanto area (including Tokyo) as transportation costs decreased. © (JSRSAI) 2012.

Kudo U.,Hirosaki University | Takahashi I.,Hirosaki University | Matsuzaka M.,Hirosaki University | Umeda T.,Hirosaki University | And 7 more authors.
Obesity Research and Clinical Practice | Year: 2013

Problem: We studied the influence of adiposis on the progression of blood pressure and arteriosclerosis in the early teens. Methods: The subjects of this study were 147 boys and girls (72 boys and 75 girls) in junior high school. Height, weight, percentage body fat, blood pressure, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and exercise time were measured. All subjects were measured at two points-at 5th grade in elementary school (ages between 10 and 11 years) and 2nd grade in junior high school (8th grade, ages between 13 and 14 years). The relationship between the change values of adiposis over 3 years (from 5th grade to 8th grade) and blood pressure/baPWV at the age of 13-14 were analyzed with multiple regression analysis. Results: For boys, the change values in BMI and percentage body fat were correlated positively with systolic blood pressure. For girls, the change values in BMI and percentage body fat were correlated positively with systolic and diastolic blood pressures and baPWV. Conclusions: In conclusion, raised blood pressure was already observed in obese early teens as a result of arteriosclerosis progression regardless exercise habit, and it was more apparent in girls. © 2012 Asian Oceanian Association for the Study of Obesity. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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