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Seoul, South Korea

Kim I.-S.,Korea University | Ekpeghere K.I.,Korea University | Ha S.-Y.,Korea University | Kim B.-S.,Chunlab Inc. | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering | Year: 2014

In order to develop a more effective and eco-friendly treatment technology, a full-scale tannery wastewater treatment plant with a sludge digestion system was augmented with a novel microbial consortium (BM-S-1). The aim of this study was to determine if the BM-S-1 could successfully treat the tannery wastewater in a full-scale treatment system without chemical pretreatment and to investigate effect of the augmentation on sludge production. Chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), chromium (Cr) and mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) were measured to monitor treated water quality and treatment efficiency. Microbial community structures in the treatment were also examined using pyrosequencing analysis of 16S rRNA gene and quantitative PCR (qPCR) of the nitrous oxide reductase gene (nosZ). The removal efficiencies of COD, TN, TP, and Cr were estimated to be 98.3%, 98.6%, 93.6%, and 88.5%, respectively, while the system without a continuous augmentation was broken down. The pyrosequencing analysis showed Brachymonas denitrificans to be the most dominant microbial population in the buffering tank (B; 37.5%). Potential polymeric substance degraders (Clostridia), sulfate reducers (Desulfuromonas palmitatis), and sulfur oxidizers (uncultured Thiobacillus) were dominant in the sludge digestion (SD) tank. The denitrifiers assayed by nosZ qPCR were dominant in B and SD. These microbial communities appeared to play important roles in removing nutrients and odor, and reducing sludge in the wastewater treatment plant without chemical pretreatment. © 2014 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Bae C.,Kyung Hee University | Oh E.-J.,Kyung Hee University | Lee H.-B.,Kyung Hee University | Kim B.-Y.,Chunlab Inc. | Oh C.-S.,Kyung Hee University
Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2015

The Gram-positive Actinobacterium Clavibacter michiganensis strain PF008 produces a cellulase of biotechnological interest, which is used for degradation of cellulose, a major component of plant cell walls. Here we report the complete genome sequence of this bacterium for better understanding of cellulase production and its virulence mechanism. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source

Lim J.-A.,South Korean National Institute of Animal Science | Lee D.H.,South Korean National Institute of Animal Science | Kim B.-Y.,Chunlab Inc. | Heu S.,South Korean National Institute of Animal Science
Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2014

Pantoea agglomerans R190, isolated from an apple orchard, showed antibacterial activity against various spoilage bacteria, including Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum, and foodborne pathogens such as Escherichia coli O157:H7. Here, we report the genome sequence of P. agglomerans R190. This report will raise the value of P. agglomerans as an agent for biocontrol of disease. © 2014. Source

Yi H.,Korea University | Yong D.,Yonsei University | Lee K.,Yonsei University | Cho Y.-J.,Chunlab Inc. | Chun J.,Seoul National University
BMC infectious diseases | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Infection by pathogenic viruses results in rapid epithelial damage and significantly impacts on the condition of the upper respiratory tract, thus the effects of viral infection may induce changes in microbiota. Thus, we aimed to define the healthy microbiota and the viral pathogen-affected microbiota in the upper respiratory tract. In addition, any association between the type of viral agent and the resultant microbiota profile was assessed.METHODS: We analyzed the upper respiratory tract bacterial content of 57 healthy asymptomatic people (17 health-care workers and 40 community people) and 59 patients acutely infected with influenza, parainfluenza, rhino, respiratory syncytial, corona, adeno, or metapneumo viruses using culture-independent pyrosequencing.RESULTS: The healthy subjects harbored primarily Streptococcus, whereas the patients showed an enrichment of Haemophilus or Moraxella. Quantifying the similarities between bacterial populations by using Fast UniFrac analysis indicated that bacterial profiles were apparently divisible into 6 oropharyngeal types in the tested subjects. The oropharyngeal types were not associated with the type of viruses, but were rather linked to the age of the subjects. Moraxella nonliquefaciens exhibited unprecedentedly high abundance in young subjects aged <6 years. The genome of M. nonliquefaciens was found to encode various proteins that may play roles in pathogenesis.CONCLUSIONS: This study identified 6 oropharyngeal microbiome types. No virus-specific bacterial profile was discovered, but comparative analysis of healthy adults and patients identified a bacterium specific to young patients, M. nonliquefaciens. Source

Shin S.-K.,Korea University | Hwang C.Y.,Korea Polar Research Institute | Cho Y.-J.,Chunlab Inc. | Yi H.,Korea University
Systematic and Applied Microbiology | Year: 2015

Serpens flexibilis was proposed in 1977 and approved in 1980 without the 16S rRNA gene sequence information. The sequence of S. flexibilis became available in 2010, after the publication of Pseudomonas tuomuerensis in 2009. Our preliminary phylogenetic analyses indicated that these two strains share high sequence similarity and therefore showed strong potential to be united into a single species. To clarify the taxonomic status of the two species, a polyphasic taxonomy study was conducted including whole genome sequencing. The value of average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) between the genome sequences of S. flexibilis ATCC 29606T and P. tuomuerensis JCM 14085T were 98.1% and 89.0%, respectively. The phenotypic and chemotaxonomic properties including enzymatic activities, substrate utilization profiles, and fatty acids, supported that the two taxa have no pronounced difference and should thus constitute a single species. Therefore, we propose to transfer Serpens flexibilis Hespell 1977 to the genus Pseudomonas as Pseudomonas flexibilis comb. nov. (type strain=ATCC 29606T), with Pseudomonas tuomuerensis Xin et al. 2009 as a later heterotypic synonym of Pseudomonas flexibilis. © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. Source

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