Chungnam National University | Date: 2016-09-22
The present invention relates to a transfer-free method for forming a graphene layer, in which a high-quality graphene layer having excellent crystallinity can be easily formed over a large area at low temperature by a transfer-free process so that it can be applied directly to a base substrate, which is used in a transparent electrode, a semiconductor device or the like, without requiring a separate transfer process, and to an electrical device comprising a graphene layer formed by the method. More specifically, the transfer-free method for forming a graphene layer comprises the steps of: depositing a Ti layer having a thickness of 3-20 m on a base substrate by sputtering; and growing graphene on the deposited Ti layer by chemical vapor deposition.
Chungnam National University | Date: 2016-12-09
A method for cell-free protein synthesis is characterized in that pH is controlled by using an enzyme. For example, by using an amino acid decarboxylase, the pH is controlled according to removal of hydrogen ions that are produced during regeneration of ATP. The method for cell-free protein synthesis of the present invention has an advantage that not only the expression amount of protein is enhanced but also the expressed protein can be directly used for activity analysis without undergoing any separation or purification.
Samsung, Chungnam National University and Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology | Date: 2016-09-23
An electrically conductive composite including: a polymer matrix including a cellulose, and a plurality of electrically conductive carbon nanoparticles dispersed in the polymer matrix, wherein the electrically conductive carbon nanoparticles have a multiple hydrogen bonding moiety covalently bound to a surface thereof.
Hyundai Mobis and Chungnam National University | Date: 2015-01-15
Provided is an apparatus for determining an available driving space, including a laser distance sensor installed in a vehicle and configured to sense a region in front of the vehicle by a predetermined distance to generate distance information, a signal processing unit configured to generate plane distance information by using the distance information generated by the laser distance sensor, a curb searching unit configured to determine correlation and similarity between the generated plane distance information and previous plane distance information to search for a curb, and a determining unit configured to determine whether the region in front of the vehicle by the predetermined distance is an available driving space depending on whether a route of a curb searched by the curb searching unit is included in a driving region.
Zhang T.,Chungnam National University
Nature communications | Year: 2013
Constitutive NF-κB activation in cancer cells is caused by defects in the signalling network responsible for terminating the NF-κB response. Here we report that plant homeodomain finger protein 20 (PHF20) maintains NF-κB in an active state in the nucleus by inhibiting the interaction between PP2A and p65. We show that PHF20 induces canonical NF-κB signalling by increasing the DNA-binding activity of NF-κB subunit p65. In PHF20 overexpressing cells, the termination of tumour necrosis factor-induced p65 phosphorylation is impaired whereas upstream signalling events triggered by tumour necrosis factor are unaffected. This effect strictly depends on the interaction between PHF20 and methylated lysine residues of p65, which hinders recruitment of PP2A to p65, thereby maintaining p65 in a phosphorylated state. We further show that PHF20 levels correlate with p65 phosphorylation levels in human glioma specimens. Our work identifies PHF20 as a novel regulator of NF-κB activation and suggests that elevated expression of PHF20 may drive constitutive NF-κB activation in some cancers.
Cho J.,Chungnam National University
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2011
Electron magnetohydrodynamics (EMHD) provides a fluidlike description of small-scale magnetized plasmas. An EMHD wave propagates along magnetic field lines. The direction of propagation can be either parallel or antiparallel to the magnetic field lines. We numerically study propagation of three-dimensional (3D) EMHD wave packets moving in one direction. We obtain two major results. (1) Unlike its magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) counterpart, an EMHD wave packet is dispersive. Because of this, EMHD wave packets traveling in one direction create opposite-traveling wave packets via self-interaction and cascade energy to smaller scales. (2) EMHD wave packets traveling in one direction clearly exhibit inverse energy cascade. We find that the latter is due to conservation of magnetic helicity. We compare inverse energy cascade in 3D EMHD turbulence and two-dimensional (2D) hydrodynamic turbulence. © 2011 American Physical Society.
Samsung and Chungnam National University | Date: 2015-07-22
A bio impedance measurement apparatus includes a current applicator configured to provide, to terminals contacting a body, a current based on a first control signal, and a modulator configured to modulate a voltage generated as the current flows through the body, based on a second control signal. The apparatus further includes an amplifier configured to amplify the modulated voltage, and a demodulator configured to demodulate the amplified voltage based on a third control signal.
Hyundai Motor Company and Chungnam National University | Date: 2015-12-24
The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a tantalum-silver composite electrode: The method comprises:(a) preparing a molten salt; (b) disposing a corrosion-resistant metal on an anode; (c) disposing a base substrate on a cathode; (d) inserting the corrosion-resistant metal and the base substrate into the molten salt; and (e) electrodepositing the corrosion-resistant metal on the base substrate by applying a current density to the base substrate. In particular, the molten salt has a lower melting temperature, the corrosion-resistant metal is tantalum, and the base substrate is a substrate comprising silver.
Samsung and Chungnam National University | Date: 2016-02-03
An apparatus of processing a signal or a biosignal, and a method of processing a signal or a biosignal are provided. The method of processing signal involves receiving a first reference signal having a frequency component of a measurement signal to be applied to a subject, receiving a second reference signal having a frequency component within a frequency bandwidth of an amplifier, and converting a first signal measured from the subject to a second signal within the frequency bandwidth of the amplifier, based on the first reference signal and the second reference signal.
Samsung and Chungnam National University | Date: 2015-03-10
A signal processing method and apparatus for measuring heartbeat and oxygen saturation. The signal processing apparatus may acquire a first sampled signal by sampling a detection signal output from an optical detector in an interval in which a light source is activated, may acquire a second sampled signal by sampling a detection signal output from the optical detector in an interval in which the light source is inactivated, and may output a combined signal in which the first sampled signal and the second sampled signal are combined. An amplitude of the first sampled signal may decrease by combining the first sampled signal with the second sampled signal.