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Kang Y.-I.,National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science | Joung H.Y.,National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science | Goo D.H.,National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science | Choi Y.J.,National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science | And 6 more authors.
HortTechnology | Year: 2013

This study investigated trends in lily (Lilium hybrids) cultivars and challenges for growing cut lily flowers using a survey of producers in the South Korean lily industry. A questionnaire requested information on various topics including the total growing area, length of farming experience, cultivars grown, factors considered when purchasing bulbs, cultivation systems, horticultural practices, disease and pest problems, and horticultural problems. The survey targeted the membership of the Korea Lily Producer Association and the number of respondents corresponded to 43% of all lily farmers in the country. Oriental-Trumpet (OT) hybrid 'Yelloween' and Oriental hybrids 'Siberia', 'Medusa', and 'Sorbonne' were mainly cultivated in South Korea. The main flower colors were yellow, white, and pink. Factors considered in choosing cultivars were the prices of bulbs and cut flowers affecting income of the farm. More than 90% of respondents used soil culture in a greenhouse to grow cut flowers. There were various horticultural practices used from planting to harvest. The main pests harming bulb and flower productivity were fungus gnat (Bradysia difformis) and bulb mite (Rhizoglyphus robini), and the most common horticultural problem was leaf scorch. Overall, the survey suggested that the stable production of lily bulb with low cost and high quality was required and practical techniques should be developed for increasing the cut lily production efficiency. In addition, the pests, diseases, and horticultural problems in the given local environmental conditions should be considered when breeding new cultivars and developing production technology.

Kim D.-M.,Chungnam National University | Lee H.-S.,Chungnam National University | Kwon S.-J.,South Korean National Institute of Animal Science | Fabreag M.E.,Chungnam National University | And 4 more authors.
Rice | Year: 2014

Background: High grain yield is one of the most important traits requiring improvement in rice breeding programs. Consequently, the genetic basis of spikelets per panicle (SPP) and grain weight (TGW) have received much research focus because of their importance in rice yield. Results: In this study, IL28, which is a near isogenic line (NIL) developed by introgressing chromosomal segments of the cultivar ‘Moroberekan’ into the cultivar ‘Ilpumbyeo’, showed a significant increase in the number of spikelets per panicle (SPP) and 1,000-grain weight (TGW) compared to the recurrent parent, Ilpumbyeo. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis in 243 F2 plants derived from a cross between IL28 and Ilpumbyeo indicated that both qSPP6 and qTGW6 are located in the interval RM3430–RM20580. Following substitution mapping with 50 F3:4:5 lines, qSPP6 was mapped to a 429-kb interval between RM20521 and InDel-1, while qTGW6 was mapped to a 37.85-kb interval between InDel-1 and SNP--3 based on the japonica genome sequence. This result indicates that qSPP6 and qTGW6 are different genes. Yield trials with substitution lines indicated that lines harboring the homozygous Moroberekan segment at both the qSPP6 and qTGW6 region showed significantly higher grain yield than Ilpumbyeo. Conclusion: Because the Moroberekan alleles for SPP and TGW have been shown to be beneficial in the genetic background of Ilpumbyeo, both the qSPP6 and qTGW6 alleles might prove valuable in improving rice yields. Closely linked SSR markers are expected to facilitate the cloning of genes that underlie these QTLs, as well as with marker-assisted selection for variation in SPP and TGW in rice breeding programs. © 2014, Kim et al.; licensee Springer.

Yeo S.-M.,Chungnam National University | Yun Y.-T.,Chungnam Agricultural Research and Extension Services | Kim D.-M.,Chungnam National University | Chung C.-T.,Chungnam Agricultural Research and Extension Services | Ahn S.-N.,Chungnam National University
Plant Genetic Resources: Characterisation and Utilisation | Year: 2014

In this study, a near-isogenic line (BC4F10) CR572 developed by introgressing a chromosomal segment from Oryza rufipogon (accession no. 105491) into the Oryza sativa subsp. japonica cv. Hwaseong was found to exhibit a significant increase in the number of spikelets per panicle (SPP) and grain weight compared with the recurrent parent Hwaseong. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis in F2 generation derived from the cross between CR572 and Hwaseong revealed that two QTLs, qSPP1 and qTGW1, were linked to a simple sequence repeat marker, RM283, on chromosome 1. The additive effect of the O. rufipogon allele at qSPP1 was 13 SPP, and 21.6% of the phenotypic variance was explained by the segregation of RM283. The qTGW1 QTL explained 19.1% of the phenotypic variance for grain weight. Substitution mapping was carried out with five F3 lines derived from F2 plants having informative recombination breakpoints within the target region. Substitution mapping indicated the linkage of qSPP1 and qTGW1. The grain yield of CR572 was 18.2 and 15.8% higher than that of Hwaseong at two locations, respectively, mainly due to the increase in 1000-grain weight and SPP. These results are very useful for QTL cluster transfer by molecular marker-assisted selection in rice breeding programmes and for QTL gene cloning by map-based cloning. © NIAB 2014.

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