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Hsinchu, Taiwan

Hung H.-C.,National Cheng Kung University | Wu C.-J.,National Taiwan Normal University | Yang T.-J.,Chunghua University | Chang S.-J.,National Cheng Kung University
Progress in Electromagnetics Research | Year: 2012

In this work, the enhancement in photonic band gap (PBG) in a dielectric-semiconductor photonic crystal (DS PC) is investigated. We consider two possible schemes that can be used to enhance the PBG in the near-infrared region. The first scheme is to add an ultrathin metal layer into the DS PC such that a structure of ternary metal-dielectric-semiconductor (MDS) PC is formed. The second scheme is to make use of the heterostructured PC. In scheme 1, it is found that the addition of metal layer will significantly move the left band edge to the shorter wavelength position, leading to an enlargement in the PBG. This enlargement can be extended as the thickness of metal film is increased. In addition, a pronounced enhancement in PBG is achieved when the metal with a higher plasma frequency is used. In scheme 2, we find that the PBG can be significantly enlarged compared to scheme 1. In addition, the increase in the band extension is shown to be four times larger than that in scheme 1. The results illustrate that, in order to enhance the PBG, the use of scheme 2 is superior to scheme 1. The enhancement of nearinfrared (NIR) PBG is of technical use in the optical communications.

Yang J.-B.,Chunghua University | Wei P.-R.,Farexp Engineering Consultants Ltd.
Journal of Architectural Engineering | Year: 2010

Problems of delay occur in all phases of construction projects. While most previous studies have focused on finding causes or overcoming delays in the construction phase, few studies have analyzed delay problems in the planning and design phases. The main purpose of this study is to identify and rank delay causes in the planning and design phases. A structured questionnaire was sent to engineers at the A/E companies for public construction projects in Taiwan. Based on 95 valid responses, this study identified the delay causes and analyzed the importance and frequency of delays using the relative importance index. Analytical results reveal that "changes in client's requirement" are the main causes of delays in both planning and design phases. The finding is good justification for many public clients who usually change their requirements during the planning and design phases that really delay construction projects. © 2010 ASCE.

Chen M.-X.,National Taiwan University | Wang F.-J.,Chunghua University
International Journal of Communication Systems | Year: 2010

One of the most important research subjects in session initiation protocol (SIP) is mobility management. Session mobility is a key issue in SIP mobility management. Session mobility is an advanced feature that maintains an ongoing media session from one device to another. In this paper, we consider the issue of session mobility and propose a complete integrated solution, referred to as 'session integration service', to transfer an ongoing media session over multiple devices. To provide flexibility in session mobility, three new agent states are introduced based on the user agent definition. They consist of session manager, session user, and free node. This paper also proposes two split session integration methods for session integration service based on these three agents. The proposed method provides session mobility flexibility and allows the user the ability to transfer, split, and retrieve a session over multiple devices. Moreover, the split session can be integrated in any devices. To ensure session mobility over multiple devices, the session integration service will be implemented through a modification of the open source project 'SIP-communicator'. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Hu C.-A.,National Chiao Tung University | Liu J.-W.,National Taiwan Normal University | Wu C.-J.,National Taiwan Normal University | Yang T.-J.,Chunghua University | Yang S.-L.,National Chiao Tung University
Solid State Communications | Year: 2013

Effects of superconducting thin film on the defect mode in a dielectric photonic crystal heterostructure (PCH) are theoretically investigated. The considered structure is (12)NS(21)N, in which both layers 1 and 2 are dielectrics, layer S is a high-temperature superconducting layer, and N is the stack number. The defect mode is analyzed based on the transmission spectrum calculated by using the transfer matrix method. It is found that, in the normal incidence, the defect mode existing in the host PCH of (12) N(21)N will be blue-shifted as the thickness of layer S increases. In addition, the defect mode is also blue-shifted for both TE and TM modes in the case of oblique incidence. The embedded superconducting thin film plays the role of tuning agent for the defect mode of PCH. As a result, the proposed structure can be designed as a tunable narrowband transmission filter which could be of technical use in the optoelectronic applications. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Hu C.-A.,National Chiao Tung University | Wu C.-J.,National Taiwan Normal University | Yang T.-J.,Chunghua University | Yang S.-L.,National Chiao Tung University
Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics | Year: 2013

In this work, a theoretical analysis on the effective plasma frequency (EPF) for a one-dimensional superconductor dielectric photonic crystal is made. First, the EPF is extracted from the first photonic band calculated within the framework of transfer matrix method together with Bloch theorem in a periodic multilayer structure. We investigate the EPF as a function of the filling factor and the permittivity of the dielectric layer, and the operating temperature as well. Then, the EPF is comparatively studied by the analytical expression derived from the effective medium theory. It is found that both results are in fairly good agreement. © 2013 Optical Society of America.

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