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Choi H.-J.,Daejeon Health science Colllege | Song J.-H.,Wonkwang University | Park K.-S.,Chungcheongnam Do Health and Environment Research Institute | Baek S.-H.,Wonkwang University | And 2 more authors.
Food Science and Biotechnology | Year: 2010

Five yogurts were fermented with each bacteria strain. The viability and pH of each yogurt during fermentation or storage were evaluated, and then the cytotoxicity and antiviral activity against enterovirus (EV) 71 of cell-free supernatants (CFS) of the metabolites of each yogurt were compared with those of de Man, Rogosa, and Sharpe (MRS) broth fermented with the same bacteria. As the results, the number of viable bacteria for each yogurt after fermentation or during storage always remained higher than 5 log CFU/mL and the pH of those ranged from 4 to 6. The CFS of all yogurts showed antiviral activity over 45% against EV71, while it didn't exhibit cytotoxicity in Vero cells. Specially, the CFS of yogurt fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum and Bifidobacterium bifidum exhibited high anti-EV71 activity of 92.74 and 90.44%, respectively. In contrast, the CFS of each MRS broth fermented with the same bacteria showed low antiviral activity of less than 30%. © KoSFoST and Springer 2010. Source

Song J.H.,Wonkwang University | Park K.S.,Chungcheongnam Do Health and Environment Research Institute | Kwon D.H.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | Choi H.J.,Wonkwang University
Journal of Medicinal Food | Year: 2013

Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) are a major cause of the common cold, but there is currently, no registered clinically effective antiviral chemotherapeutic agent for treatment of diseases caused by HRVs. In this study, we examined the antiviral activity of quercetin 7-glucoside (Q7G) from Lagerstroemia speciosa against human rhinovirus 2 (HRV2) using a cytopathic effect (CPE) reduction method. Furthermore, to elucidate the action of Q7G on HRV2 multiplication in more detail, we investigated the effect of Q7G on the infection cycle of HRV2 through time-of-addition study, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis, and effects of Q7G on the infectivity of HRV2 particles. Q7G potently showed anti-HRV2 activity by reducing the formation of a visible CPE. Q7G also inhibited virus replication in the initial stage of virus infection by indirect interaction with virus particles, and ribavirin had a relative weaker efficacy compared to Q7G. Therefore, these data suggest that Q7G exerted its anti-HRV2 effect via the inhibition of virus replication in the early stage and these findings provide important information for the utilization of Q7G for HRV2 treatment. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Nam H.S.,Clinical Parasitology and Allergy | Park J.S.,Pediatrics | Park K.B.,Pediatrics | Jeon M.H.,Internal Medicine | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2010

Accurate and rapid diagnosis of Pandemic Influenza A/H1N1 2009 virus (H1N1 2009) infection is important for the prevention and control of influenza epidemics and the timely initiation of antiviral treatment. This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of several diagnostic tools for the detection of H1N1 2009. Flocked nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 254 outpatients of suspected H1N1 2009 during October 2009. This study analyzed the performances of the RealTime Ready Inf A/H1N1 Detection Set (Roche), Influenza A (H1N1) Real-Time Detection Kit (Bionote), Seeplex Influenza A/B OneStep Typing Set [Seeplex Reverse Transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR)], BinaxNow Influenza A & B Test Kit [Binax Rapid Antigen Test (RAT)], and SD BIOLINE Influenza Ag kit (SD RAT). Roche and Bionote real-time RT-PCR showed identical results for the H1N1 2009 hemagglutinin gene. Compared with real-time RT-PCR, the sensitivities and specificities were 83.7% and 100% for Seeplex RT-PCR, 64.5% and 94.7% for Binax RAT, and 69.5% and 100% for SD RAT. The sensitivities of Seeplex RT-PCR, Binax RAT, and SD RAT in patients aged over 21 years were 73.7%, 47.4%, and 57.9%, respectively. The sensitivities of Seeplex RTPCR, Binax RAT, and SD RAT on the day of initial symptoms were mostly lower (68.8%, 56.3%, and 31.3%, respectively). In conclusion, multiplex RT-PCR and RAT for the detection of H1N1 2009 were significantly less sensitive than real-time RT-PCR. Moreover, a negative RAT may require more sensitive confirmatory assays, because it cannot be ruled out from influenza infection. © The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology. Source

Kim J.W.,Soonchunhyang University | Choi Y.J.,Soonchunhyang University | Kim H.J.,Soonchunhyang University | Park J.S.,Soonchunhyang University | And 4 more authors.
Biochip Journal | Year: 2013

We compared the sensitivities and specificities of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probe-based real-time PCR (PNAqPCR™ TB/NTM) and Cobas TaqMan MTB assays for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) in clinical specimens. A total of 425 clinical specimens including 360 respiratory specimens and 65 non-respiratory specimens were evaluated for comparative analysis. In respiratory specimens, the sensitivity of TaqMan MTB and PNAqPCR assay for detection of MTBC was 82.9% and 91.5%, respectively. In non-respiratory specimens, the sensitivity of the TaqMan MTB and PNAqPCR assay was 23.1% and 76.9%, respectively. Overall, the sensitivity and specificity of the TaqMan MTB assay for detection of MTBC was 76.9% and 100%, respectively. The PNAqPCR assay had a sensitivity and specificity of 90% and 99.7%, respectively. © 2013 The Korean BioChip Society and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Choi Y.J.,Soonchunhyang University | Kim H.J.,Soonchunhyang University | Shin H.B.,Soonchunhyang University | Nam H.S.,Soonchunhyang University | And 4 more authors.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine | Year: 2012

Background: A peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probe-based real-time PCR (PNAqPCR™ TB/NTM detection kit; PANAGENE, Korea) assay has been recently developed for the simultaneous detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in clinical specimens. The study was aimed at evaluation of the performance of PNA probe-based real-time PCR in respiratory specimens. Methods: To evaluate potential cross-reactivity, the extracted DNA specimens from Mycobacterium species and non-mycobacterial species were tested using PNA probe-based real-time PCR assay. A total of 531 respiratory specimens (482 sputum specimens and 49 bronchoalveolar washing fuid specimens) were collected from 230 patients in July and August, 2011. All specimens were analyzed for the detection of mycobacteria by direct smear examination, mycobacterial culture, and PNA probe-based real-time PCR assay. Results: In cross-reactivity tests, no false-positive or false-negative results were evident. When the culture method was used as the gold standard test for comparison, PNA probebased real-time PCR assay for detection of MTBC had a sensitivity and specifcity of 96.7% (58/60) and 99.6% (469/471), respectively. Assuming the combination of culture and clinical diagnosis as the standard, the sensitivity and specifcity of the new real-time PCR assay for detection of MTBC were 90.6% (58/64) and 99.6% (465/467), respectively. The new real-time PCR for the detection of NTM had a sensitivity and specifcity of 69.0% (29/42) and 100% (489/489), respectively. Conclusions: The new real-time PCR assay may be useful for the detection of MTBC in respiratory specimens and for discrimination of NTM from MTBC. © The Korean Society for Laboratory Medicine. Source

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